When purchasing paint for the Golden Gate Bridge, it is done through a competitive bidding process.
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Currently, the paint is supplied by Sherwin Williams and is made to match the Bridge International Orange color formula. The closest off-the-shelf paint color that Sherwin Williams has available is "Fireweed" color code SW Fremont, circa It is said it reminded him of a harbor in Istanbul named Chrysoceras or Golden Horn. Painting the Golden Gate Bridge is an ongoing task and the primary maintenance job. The paint protects the Bridge from the high salt content in the air which rusts and corrodes the steel components.
Many misconceptions exist about how often the Bridge is painted. Some say once every seven years, others say from end-to-end each year. Actually, the Bridge was painted when it was originally built. Until , only touch up was required. The removal continued to In , the original paint was replaced with an inorganic zinc silicate primer and acrylic emulsion topcoat.
In the s, this paint system was replaced by a water-borne inorganic zinc primer and an acrylic topcoat. The Bridge will continue to require routine touch up painting on an on-going basis. Currently, a revered and rugged group of of 13 ironworkers and 3 pusher ironworkers along with and 28 painters, 5 painter laborers, and a chief bridge painter battle wind, sea air and fog, often suspended high above the Gate, to repair corroding steel.
Ironworkers replace corroding steel and rivets with high-strength steel bolts, make small fabrications for use on the Bridge, and assist painters with their rigging. Ironworkers also remove plates and bars to provide access for painters to the interiors of the columns and chords that make up the Bridge.
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Painters prepare all Bridge surfaces and repaint all corroded areas. Since , as various construction projects and painting projects occur across the Bridge, the original rivets are being replaced with ASTM A high-strength bolts of equal diameter. In the early s, corroded rivets were replaced with ASTM A high-strength bolts dipped in organic zinc rich primer prior to installation.
When galvanized ASTM A bolts became available in the mids, corroded rivets have been replaced with galvanized high-strength bolts. Using a predetermined torque value can result in being either over or under the required pre-tension depending on the roughness of the contact surfaces of the turning elements. December 1, As gusting winds reached 69 miles per hour, the Bridge was closed for about three hours.
December 23, High winds of up to 70 miles per hour closed the Bridge for almost two hours. December 3, Once again high winds closed the Bridge for the longest period in its history—3 hours and 27 minutes. Wind gusts reached 75 miles per hour, but again the Bridge suffered no structural damage. Full Closure due to Construction : On July 13, the entire Bridge roadway was closed from 3 am to am to move the cable traveler being used for the Suspender Rope Replacement Project.
Full Closure for 75th Anniversary: On May 27, , the Bridge was closed to traffic from 9 pm to pm for the 75th Anniversary fireworks display. Brief Closures for Dignitaries: The Bridge was closed very briefly on two separate occasions for visiting dignitaries President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Charles de Gaulle of France. As of January , 2,,, vehicles have crossed the Golden Gate Bridge includes northbound and southbound since opening to traffic on May 28, Earth slides and flooding covered the highway and roads north of the Bridge.
Two days later on Wednesday, January 6, only 3, southbound vehicles crossed the Bridge. This compares to the average daily southbound count of 37, for January The Golden Gate Bridge withstood, undamaged, the most devastating quake to strike the Bay Area since On October 27, , an all-time record of , vehicles crossed the Bridge north and southbound.
Reversible lanes were inaugurated on the Bridge on October 29, Their use greatly aids the flow of traffic during the heavy morning and evening commute hours and during weekend tourist periods click HERE for the current lane configuration. The Bridge has a total of six lanes with northbound and southbound lanes separated by a moveable median barrier installed January At any given time, the lane configuration may be adjusted using a transfer machine aka "zipper truck".
The moveable barrier is a one-foot wide, inch high concrete and steel barrier that provides a safe division of traffic and helps eliminate head-on collisions. This barrier replaced the bright yellow lane markers that were used to separate opposing traffic lanes. In October 19, , the Golden Gate Bridge became the first major bridge in the world to offer one-way toll collection. The system proved so successful it has since been instituted on many bridges throughout the world. In April , the Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District initiated toll free passage on the Golden Gate Bridge for two-axle vehicles with three or more occupants, motorcycles, and buses during peak commute traffic hours.
This free toll policy ended in July For current carpool rates, hours, policies, and eligibility requirements, visit our Toll Rates page. The fog hugs the ground and then the warm, moist air condenses as it moves across the bay or land. This is common near any coastline. The Bridge has an influence in directing the fog as it pushes up and pours down around the Bridge. Sometimes, high pressure squashes it close to the ground. By the way, the color of the bridge is International Orange, and was chosen in part because of its visibility in the fog.
The enabling legislation gave counties the right to organize as a bridge district and borrow money, issue bonds, construct a bridge and collect tolls. On November 10, , the California State Legislature passed Assembly Bill authorizing the District to develop a transportation facility plan for implementing a mass transportation program in the Golden Gate Corridor. This was to include any and all forms of transit, including ferry. At that time, the word "Transportation" was added to the District name.
The longitude and latitude for the Bridge location is approximately: N 37 Degrees, 49 Minutes, 8. With great fanfare, people from all over the world came to pay homage to the Bridge, become part of an historical celebration and create lifelong memories. The day began as "Bridgewalk 87", a reenactment of "Pedestrian Day 37". It is estimated that nearly , people surged onto the roadway.
By a. As a token of appreciation to the thousands of motorists who use the Bridge each day, the Board of Directors suspended toll collection for the day. To review the abstract from the Center for Design Informatics at the Harvard Design School evaluating stresses placed on the Bridge during the 50th Anniversary event, click here. To purchase a photo of this event, click here. Unfortunately, this is not permitted.
Under California Penal Code Section A number of major motion pictures have included the Golden Gate Bridge as a backdrop or contain scenes filmed on the Golden Gate Bridge. Here is a small sampling:. San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge has suffered all manner of damage and destruction in television and on film.
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But of all the earthquakes, sea monsters, and alien attacks, who caused the Bridge its most impressive destruction? Find out here! As of this writing June , the www. Artland episode 6 of season 2 : Originally aired on Voom Network in and produced by Illuminations. A Caltrans engineer came up with the idea in Because they are visible from homes, the portals on the north side of the tunnel remain unadorned. Caltrans crews have maintained the rainbow paint job ever since. On October 1, , Caltrans workers began repainting the Waldo Tunnel's fading rainbows, bleached by years of sun, wind and fog.
Fresh coats of red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet were applied. Belinda Hallmark, an architectural color and finish consultant from Novato, donated time to assist Caltrans in selecting the paint for the refreshed rainbow. And Marin Color Service Inc. These data are from the most recent survey done in The 25 de Abril Bridge, or the "25th of April Bridge," is a suspension bridge connecting the city of Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, to the municipality of Almada on the left bank of the Tejo River.
It was inaugurated on August 6, , and a train platform was added in With a total length of 2, meters, it is the 20th largest suspension bridge in the world. The upper platform carries six car lanes, the lower platform two train tracks. Until , the bridge was named Salazar Bridge. From May to December , a pedestrian toll sidewalk fee was charged and collected using a coin turnstile. By Board of Director Resolution No.
Top of Page. On the Go? Go Mobile! Visit the Golden Gate mobile-friendly Web site. Press Room. Go With Clipper! Going Green! Search Golden Gate. Miscellaneous Where is the Golden Gate Bridge located? American Society of Civil Engineers awarded a special citation for infrastructure rehabilitation for the redecking of the Golden Gate Bridge in Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge , Japan.
Xihoumen Bridge , China. Great Belt East Bridge , Denmark. Runyang Bridge , China. Humber Bridge , England. Jiangyin Yangtze River Bridge , China. Tsing Ma Bridge , Hong Kong. Verrazano Narrows Bridge , New York. Yangluo Bridge , China. Mackinac Straits Bridge , Michigan.
Huangpu Bridge , China. Minami Bisan-Seto Bridge , Japan.
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First Bosphorus , Turkey. George Washington Bridge , New York. Rise of the Planet of the Apes : Eight years of being raised by humans and now left behind in an abusive sanctuary, Caesar a hyper-intelligent chimpanzee leads a revolution of apes with a huge fight scene on the Golden Gate Bridge with apes against the CHP towards freedom from man's torturous exploitation. Going the Distance : A romantic comedy centered on a couple who try to keep their love alive as they travel back and forth between New York and San Francisco to see one another.
The Golden Gate Bridge is featured in several scenes. Mega Shark vs. Giant Octopus : The California coast is terrorized by two enormous prehistoric sea creatures as they battle each other for supremacy of the sea. According to the Oliver Queen Chronicles , Oliver encountered the island's natives after a couple of weeks in the island. He lived among them for over three months during which time they taught him how to hunt and improve his archery skills.
Upon further exploration, Oliver was shocked to discover the wreckage of his parents' plane on the island. He collected their wedding rings from their remains and also found a letter his mother had written to him the night of the crash. While hunting one day, Oliver heard other people on his island. After checking it out, he found a group of drug runners that were stationed on the island.
Before he could approach them, he pricked his hand on a toxic flower and collapsed. He woke up later in a tent with Tess Mercer , who was a prisoner of the drug runners, looking over him. She told him the flower was deadly and he had only 12 hours to live after the poison had entered his system.
She was using leaches to 'suck' the poison out of his body, by releasing an enzyme to combat the poison effectively neutralizing it. Days later, Oliver staged an escape out of the island when the drug runners were leaving, knocking out one of them and poisoning the other with the toxin. He and Tess then left the island together by using the drug-runner's boat and returned to his home Star City.
The account in the Oliver Queen Chronicles regarding how Oliver escaped the island is quite different. Serendipitously, Oliver's stolen yacht, banked on the island eleven months after his arrival. Oliver resolved to get it back; he and the natives staged a coup and Oliver was able to reclaim his boat and go back to Star City. For the next year, Oliver improved his archery skills further. He joined a cult of dark Celtic archers, and was taught by the expert archer Vordigan.
Oliver eventually rejected the harsh and unethical teachings of the cult and left Vordigan, going back to Star City. There he vowed to use his skills for good, taking the mantle of the hero Green Arrow. Six months later, Oliver currently resides within the walls of Watchtower , back in Metropolis with his wife - Chloe Sullivan-Queen. Oliver, in his Green Arrow getup, finds himself without work in Metropolis, as Superman has kept the streets clean for months.
When Chloe asks if his night was long, Oliver admits it was "quiet, as always. Green Arrow later patrols the city and arrives to the Port of Metropolis, in order to apprehend a crew of thieves who attempts to raid a shipping container. He's surprised by one of the goons who has climbed on top of a stack of containers and trains an RPG launcher on the Emerald Archer.
Before Ollie can react, the goon fires. Just before the RPG strikes him, Superman zips into the area and stands in front of it, shielding Ollie from the hit and the explosion. Superman knocks the crew out and ties the bunch together around a pole. A short time after, Ollie and Clark, now in street clothes, watch as Metropolis PD comes by to apprehend the thieves. Ollie's a bit surprised Clark didn't stay in costume to greet the police, joking that Superman is "all about standing around, shaking hands, kissing babies When Ollie asks if Clark Kent has, Clark mentions an exploding baby from his past.
When Ollie exults about not having to experience such things when the Queens move to Star City , Clark expresses surprise that they haven't left yet. They were supposed to have left but the hold-up is on his wife, Ollie says. Chloe confides in Lois that Oliver is currently rebuilding Queen Industries while going out and being a hero, as she's busy taking care of Watchtower and setting up similar Watchtower hubs in each of the Justice League member's home cities while working her day job as a reporter for the Star City Gazette.
Lex counters, asking if Oliver ever considered the military won't stop because of it. Oliver then counters, saying he knows what Lex is capable of, to which Lex claims he doesn't know, because of the loss of his memories. Oliver questions Lex on Tess's suicide, and Lex justifies it, claiming LuthorCorp's decline and the world almost ending caused her to do it.
Oliver denies his claims, and threatens to reveal that Lex killed Tess. Lex counters asking what would happen if he revealed Oliver was building a secret moon base for his team. Lex then ask Oliver about their friendship as teenagers , which Lex claims he's glad to have forgotten. In Smallville, Chloe and Oliver follow the trail of footprints which also have burn marks surrounding them. As they search, Oliver questions Chloe whether or not she wants to leave Metropolis for Star City, as she seems reluctant. She admits she doesn't wish to, but knows that they need to in order to officially begin their adult life, saying it is different from the awe of Metropolis.
Oliver disagrees, stating it has the second highest crime rate in the country behind Gotham City , but Chloe admits she is fine with that. They find a second trail of prints as well as small drops of blood. The two ready their weapons, as someone watches them from behind. Meanwhile, Oliver and Chloe meet the survivor of the ship crash. It is Chloe's counterpart from Earth Earth-2 Chloe explains what has happened in her timeline before she is killed by an unknown figure.
Her last words reveal that Earth-2 has been destroyed. While she is shaken up by the sight of an alternate version of herself, Oliver tries to comfort her, telling her to contact Clark in order to tell her a crisis is coming. At Watchtower, where Chloe gets a disturbing phone call from Emil at S. Oliver arrives with coffee for Chloe. Chloe tells Oliver that Emil is close to accessing the black box from the late Earth-2 Chloe's space ship.
Meanwhile, Oliver has no lead on whoever it was in the cornfields that killed Chloe Plus Oliver's been getting gibberish emails that he'd like Chloe to get to the bottom of, if she's not too distracted by this "Crisis". Next thing you know, Watchtower's Trouble Alert which alerts them to a prison breakout at Stryker's Island.
Oliver gets his Green Arrow suit and bow and arrow and immediately heads to Stykers. Chloe tells Oliver about the new imformation she found out about the encrypted e-mails. However Batman arrives in time to take down Mr. Armored up in a thermal suit Batman approaches Mr. Freeze who is reaching critical mass of explosion, Batman removes the power-core cell unit from Freeze's back container and in the process saves the day. Just then, it starts to snow. The reason is Superman used Mr. Freeze's freeze gun to create snow. At last, Chloe reveals that she is pregnant. At Watchtower, Oliver sits at the desk, drawing plans for a jetcraft amidst a number of parenting books.
Chloe practices shooting his bow and arrows and Oliver notes that she seems to be getting better. Chloe attributes it to their child growing within her. When Ollie notes that he's the only one of the two who has spent any time with the books, Chloe teases him that he's only been doodling images of the Batwing. He shows her his plans and proudly proclaims it is the Arrowjet. Ollie then asks why she hasn't told her best friend or her cousin about the pregnancy and admits to being anxious to let everyone know. Chloe reminds him that as long as Clark is irradiated and being tracked by Lex, she doesn't want to risk Watchtower's location being discovered.
Ollie laments that they can't just ask her as she is dead. Chloe makes a suggestion that there might be a way that they could. Labs , Oliver and Emil chat about the accident that happened in the speed assessment lab with Bart and Clark. They make their way into another lab and Emil reveals that they were able to place Chloe's dead doppelganger in cryogenic freeze using technology Clark confiscated when he and the Batman captured Mr.
Naturally worried, Oliver asks if the plan will work and if they'll even be able to access her memories. Emil posits that Chloe might only be able to access the other's most recent accessed memories given how long she's been dead. Oliver guesses this to mean the flashes of her life before her eyes just prior to dying. Looking for assurance, Emil is only able to admit that with the technology and the similar biochemistries of the two Chloes, he's making educated guesses as they're going along. Oliver asks if the baby will be affected by the procedure and Emil says that unless there are psychosomatic effects caused by the mental link, the baby should be fine.
Meanwhile, Emil places Chloe inside the Project Intercept apparatus to begin the "mind dive" procedure.
Oliver asks one more time if she's sure about doing this. Mentioning that she's "been possessed by a witch, rewired by a Kryptonian computer , and mind controlled more times" than she can count, Chloe assures him that she's prepared for what she is about to do.
Emil starts the link and Chloe is instantly transported into the memories of her counterpart. In Metropolis, Chloe gets frustrated that she can't do help more and can't sort out her counterpart's memories. Suddenly, she's stricken by a memory and falls into Oliver's arms. They're both baffled by the supposed romantic encounter between their doppelgangers. Chloe asks if Clark and Bart had any luck in Utah. A speed storm alert on Ollie's phone tells them no.
Chloe, after having another memory of her parallel self, and Oliver keep a track of Impulse. At LexCorp Plaza, Lex heads towards his office only to find that the lights aren't working. As he calls for Otis, Superman appears with Lex realizing that he found a way to remove the radiation off him. The Green Arrow appears revealing they are here to take Tess back. Then Lois appears surrounding Lex. As Green Arrow is about to use a taser arrow, Lois slaps Lex knocking him unconscious. As he wakes up, He is help by Otis.
He realizes what the heroes did, he asks where is Tess. Tess is "resurrected" by her friends. At Watchtower, Clark, Lois and Oliver stands patience as Emil downloads a grateful Tess into a computer system making her a hologram. Clark wonders where Chloe,Oliver reveals she's outside waiting to reveal something to him. As Oliver and Lois watch Chloe and Clark in the sky, she wonders out loud, "How cool is it that your kids will have an uncle that can fly?
When Chloe accompanies Lois at the Daily Planet, Lois asks her about Oliver and she says he is in San Francisco, where he just closed a deal for Queen Industries to provide financial assistance in rebuilding Pier Chloe says the more they help cities get back on their feet after super-related disasters, like they did with Washington and San Francisco, the less crime will have the chance to take advantage of the situation. In Metropolis, Oliver and Chloe talk about their upcoming child.
Oliver, seeing his equipment says that he misses the action. Chloe responds by saying that even though they don't like the fact that they are away from any action and danger, as they decided to do, they have to stay that way so their son would have an intact set of parents when he is born. Chloe also reminds to Oliver that they both lost their parents, who weren't even directly in the line of daily fire. Oliver agrees but says that at least Chloe had the opportunity to go to Gotham City.
Later, Oliver sees a bright green glow in the sky, caused by Clark's Green Lantern power ring, and tells Chloe he's going out for a jog. Oliver confronts Officer Turpin and Sawyer at the crime scene that Superman intervened in. He questions the officers trying to figure out what were the criminals trying to steal in the first place. Both officers refuse saying that they can't because then they have to tell their superiors they told capes sensitive information. Which leads Ollie to bluff, saying that his tech team is sifting through their crime data as they speak.
Turpin revealed they don't know much, and Maggie says the amount of cash didn't warrant the giant robot, leading Oliver to wonder the motives of the mastermind. Meanwhile at Watchtower, Oliver and Chloe ask Tess to help them investigate a mysterious robbery but Tess questions whether they will keep their promise to abstain from "hero work" until the baby is born.
They both insist that this has anything to do with "hero work" and Chloe says that they are just sleuthing but Tess notes that "sleuthing" got her into trouble with Batman weeks ago. Tess decides to help them with their investigation but she warns them that she will keep an eye on them both. She reveals, as Oliver suspected, that the heist was just a faint. At the same time the alarms were tripped at the bank, silent alarms lit up at an unregistered address in the Suicide Slums and even though Tess couldn't find out what was stolen, she found that it led back to the D.
They suspect that LexCorp had something to do with this as they routinely attempt to break D. Oliver asks what did they keep in the warehouse and Steve responds that there they kept debris that fell through the atmosphere during the contact with Apokolips, probably wanting to use these weapons like Intergang did a while back. They then say that D. Steve says that they dispatched Agent Cameron Chase and a field team their way and Oliver along with his "alter-ego" are invited to join the investigation. Suddenly, Lois and Oliver see a bright green light and realize that Clark is fighting something.
Oliver asks her if she is worried about him and Lois says why should she be, he is Superman after all. At Watchtower, after learning of the Manhunters battle, Lois says that Oliver might have been right to tell her to be a little more concerned about Clark.
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Chloe asks where is Oliver with Lois being surprised that he hasn't told her. Meanwhile, Oliver joins D. Chase asks what could Green Arrow bring to the table and Oliver says that he was the one who disabled all the traps they already walked through. When they find Prometheus , the mercenary attacks them with all kinds of weapons making them temporarily lose their hearing and sight. As he goes through D. Oliver wakes up in Metropolis General Hospital after he got beat up by Prometheus, being left with a few bruises but survived.
Chloe is by his side and instead of giving him a stern lecture, she says she is not mad because he is alive. She informs him that Agent Chase is in critical condition and another member of D. Oliver then asks Chloe what they will do next and she says they will go after Prometheus. Oliver, Chloe, and Tess are monitoring the yellow rings and the subsequent mayhem they're causing.
They communicate with Superman, who is fighting with the Yellow Lanterns in Gotham and tells them to focus on threats that are unrelated to the rings and let him deal with them because a situation like this is the perfect chance for other minor threats to go unnoticed. Intent on joining the fray, Oliver programs a 3-D printer to create a new armored suit so he can go after Prometheus despite being recently beat up by him. Director Trevor confirms to Watchtower that there have been incidents related to the yellow rings in Washington, D.
Then Trevor informs Green Arrow that new activity was detected by D. Steve asks Oliver if he is ready for the mission and he responds positively so Steve tells Zatanna to teleport him with one of her spells to where Prometheus was spotted. Prometheus and his men arrive at Fort Knox via Boom Tube, intending to steal the gold that is kept there, but Green Arrow is waiting for them. After taking out his men, an one-on-one battle ensues between Arrow and Prometheus. Prometheus wonders if Green Arrow cares about his real identity but Oliver says that if he is not his counterpart from a parallel Earth he doesn't really care about it.
During the fight, Oliver succeeds to get the upper hand and start beating Prometheus, raging over what he had done to Agent Chase's team and the fact that he almost took him away from his child, finishing him off with a massive headbutt. After that, he reports to Steve Trevor that the area is secure.
Oliver and Chloe decide to be clear and promise to each other to not put their selves in danger anymore for real this time, at least until the baby is born. Before Ollie can give an answer, they meet with Diana and Chloe, who was revealed that she was already aware of the proposal and then suddenly the entire group receives a call from Watchtower, alerting them of Superman and Lois' disappearance.
In the Antarctic facility, Booster, who is talking with his allies in D. Skeets says he is able to detect traces of unknown alien technology and they will continue tracking, while Booster tells them he will keep them posted. Zatanna is attempting a locator spell to discover where Clark and Lois have gone as the others look on.
When the ritual is complete, she announces that Lois and Clark are in Metropolis. When the others tell her otherwise, the sorceress smirks and points out she never said the pair were in this Metropolis. Later, Tess warns all the other members and allies of the League to stay away from Metropolis in order to prevent them from being possessed by Eclipso.
The arrival of the Monitors on Earth means the extinction of the mankind and while they haven't found a way to stop them yet, they can try to protect themselves for a while thanks to the magic of Zatanna and the mystics, but there is nothing more they can do. Chloe says a Monitor vessel just crashed on Earth in a region near Nepal and there is a chance its Superman, but even if it is, he is too late, as the Crisis is here. Chloe Sullivan is nursing her baby bump after suffering pains from her womb trapped in the facility inside the bubble, which Oliver and the doctor assures her that it it just anxiety and false labor cramps.
Oliver vows that he will find a way for Chloe and the baby, as well as everybody else to escape with something he took from a bad man during a previous mission in order to survive the 'trans-reality extinction event'. However before they are able to do anything, Oliver tased them with a few of his arrows, with the president telling them to stand down as they are bringing everyone they could from the D.
Zatanna is exhausted from her part, while Chloe and Diana are by her side and brings a medic to help her. Oliver uses another Boom Tube saying this is where they must part ways. Clark tells Chloe, Tess and Bruce to find out everything from one of the Manhunters he destroyed about the Crisis, because more ships are on their way.