CONGO, REPUBLIC Country Studies: A brief, comprehensive study of Congo, Republic

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To develop and implement a communications strategy and risk management plan.

Minority based and advocacy organisations

To undertake site inspection, prepare engineering design and lay-out for the proposed building of the office for the land administration in Mambasa. To analyze, document and disseminate the experience, good practices and lessons learned. Risk Analysis The following potential risks may occur, so the suggested mitigation factors need to be considered. Risk Assessment Mitigating Factors Inadequate commitment by government authorities at various levels, and key local partners and communities Sensitization process and dialogues with government authorities, local partners and communities.

Inability to sustain the multi-stakeholder partnership and platform engagement UN-Habitat, GLTN and implementing partner to support the development of a strategy and its implementation. Potential security issues or inaccessibility of project sites Implementing partner to closely monitor security situation in the country particularly in project site. Political instability that might delay or hamper the smooth implementation of the Project. A list of project already implemented and related evaluation A template is available as a guide upon request. Has it managed in the past projects of similar technical complexities and financial size?

Is the project linked with the core business of the IP? What is the staff size, type, qualification and education background? Can it impact on the targeted population and on the issues? Does it have strong presence in the field and for how long? Notes: Interested Organizations must provide information indicating that they are qualified to perform the services brochure, description of similar assignments, experience in similar conditions, availability of appropriate skills among staff, etc.

The Technical Proposal and accompanying documents must be received in accordance with instructions provided. Technical Proposal submitted to a different email address other than the specified one will not be considered. Technical Proposal from applicants failing to provide the complete information to fulfill the basic eligibility criteria will be considered non-responsive. Technical Proposal received after the above deadline will not be considered Organizations will be selected in accordance with the procedure set out in the UN-Habitat IP Management policy and Standard Operating Procedures.

Technical Proposal from applicants failing to provide the requested information will be disregarded. This Technical Proposal does not entail any commitment on the part of UN-Habitat, either financial or otherwise. UN-Habitat reserves the right to accept or reject any or all Proposals without incurring any obligation to inform the affected applicant s of the grounds. All prices must be in USD. WordPress Download Manager. Main Menu. From a Stuttgart gallery.

BACKGROUND

Includes Cheri Samba Congo-Kinshasa with photos of the artists. See the artists list. Includes a bibliographpy. Lee McIntyre and Christopher D. Other topics: Aid is a lever to impose Structural Adjustment policies on the Third World, Myths about Aid , use of children in the military, globalization, corporations, environmental issues, population, and other issues.

Maintained by Anup Shah who is based in England. Press releases on their programs, has an email list. Its Director is Salih Booker. Full text issues of Voices, the Global Rights Magazine. Two subsequent wars made travel practically impossible. Now that the political situation has somewhat stabilized, tourists are able to visit this magnificent country again.

Based in Kinshasa. Include the Africa Inland Mission, full text oral history interviews with missionaries and African Christians. Has the text of an interview with Paul P. Stough, a missionary with the Africa Inland Mission in Congo-Kinshasa from to the early s which offers insights into relations between the Congolese, Belgian officials, the Catholic missions, etc. A 48 page list of the Graham Center's Africa-related collections is available by e-mail from: bgcarc david. Offers internet access, cell phone rental.

Foreign and Commonwealth Office. HC London: The Stationery Office, Concerns options for regulating private military companies mercenaries. It describes the extent of the private military company sector. Has landsat maps of the Lac Kivu area showing population centers of refugees, maps illustrating land cover, elevation, human population growth, vegetation, etc. Kristof as "an outstanding aid group with strong American connections.

Democratic Republic of Congo - Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation

Based in Monroe, Washington state. Heart of the Congo is a film about courage, perseverance and ways in which humanitarian aid makes a lasting difference.

Filmed in Katanga Province. See also a Review of the film from Mother Jones magazine, Includes a detailed Histoire de la colonisation belge du Congo, interviews with Adam Hochschild and Jules Marchal , maps Congo in , Katanga, the districts , photographs, a bibliography, the Dec. Maintained by Patrick Cloos, based in Montreal. Maintained by Jim Zwick.

Congo, My Precious. The Curse of the coltan mines in Congo

Their opponents, Hutu and Mai Mai armed groups, are also committing atrocities against the civilian population Also in Adobe PDF. March Offers free e-mail reports Based in Toronto, Canada. Has a business message board. Covers the role of civil society including women, the Congo Truth and Reconciliation Commission, CVR, stabilizing the DRC, army demobilization, child soldiers, historic timeline, key players.

By Federico Borello, an Italian lawyer. October , 58 pages. In pdf. Has a Newsletter. The first two cases concern the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda. Based in the Hague, Netherlands. International Crisis Group - Dem. Covers Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi. PDF Pub. Includes maps, main political parties.

Secondary menu

June Page 24 contains a U. In html or Adobe. How two allies clashed over differences in approach to the Congo civil war. The documents, on cd-rom, are sold thru subscription. In August they reported on mass sexual violence perpetrated in the eastern Congo. Based in Santa Monica, California. The vast majority died from non-violent causes such as malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutrition—easily preventable and treatable conditions when people have access to health care and nutritious food.

Promotes sustainable economic development in Africa and the Middle East by: Undertaking applied research on community and economic growth , by Facilitating strategic relationships between U. Has full text articleson Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire. Based in Kinshasa, Dem. The goal of JuriCongo " Has video and audio requires soundcard, speakers, RealPlayer.

Kamanda is a writer born in the Democratic Republic of the Congo to to a family of Bantu-Egyptian origin. The writer's biography, poetry, novels, essays, short stories, translations of his work. Bibliography of works by Kamanda and about him. Audio and video of his poetry readings.

Government Response

Maintained by Prof. Online open access peer reviewed medical journal. AFlora on the Web "database of traditional plant utilization in Africa. Created by AFlora Committee, since Data comes from Congo, Kenya, Botswana. There is also a collection of African insects and plant specimens available to researchers. Dan Reboussin. Video, audio files. The U. Poppe Collection of African Knives "African knives reflect the great craftsmanship of Central African blacksmiths before close contact with the West.

The first explorers and early colonists in central Africa brought back a large number of local weaponry,,," Many knives are from the former Belgian Congo. You must register to see larger images of the knives. Knives were also used to indicate social rank. Has links to current Congo news and news from online Congolese newspapers, confidential reports, political discussion forums, a video interview in English with Pres.

Joseph Kabila, links to articles on culture, sports, etc. The Editor is Didier J. Has papers online some are in French. Writers wishing to cite the content of papers in their own work need to request permission from the paper authors. Select Periodical Indexes. Use the Advanced Search for best results. Hint - use Congo in Keyword, Brazzaville not in Keyword to refine the search. Includes citations to journal articles in English language military journals. Covers to date. Updated quarterly. Includes selected citations to journal articles and selected documents and reports supporting the curriculum of the Armed Forces Staff College, Norfolk, VA.

Bemba was a Presidential candidate in the July election and vice-president in charge of finance in the transitional government. The party's base is in Equateur Province, northwestern Congo. The mouvement was backed by Uganda during the civil war. Two temporary exhibitions Feb. Must register for free to download. Discussion forums, Kongo art. Articles such as a brief account of Jesuits in the Congo region. Based in Toronto, Canada. Current and historical events in the Congo as reported by the NYT's correspondents.

Has the Feb. Is opposed to Rwanda's role in the Congo. Supports the Congo Mai Mai. Includes articles on the situation of pygmies. Based in Montreal, Canada. The site was created to inform Congolese at home and abroad on progress in the Dialogue. Based in Gaborone, Botswana. Email: qmmdrc botsnet. Biography of the singer, producer, and composer, born in Kinshasa. Also sells continent and regional maps minerals, oil and gas, geologic, travel, political.

Has a flag image. Based in Burlington, North Carolina. From the February issue. Oprah Winfrey is a " television pioneer, producer, magazine founder, educator and philanthropist. Congo, the U. Party background, statements. Party created March 31, , supports President Joseph Kabila. Links to African civil society organizations.

Based in Ottawa, Canada. Stephen Nzita Site no longer exists. Based in Pittsburg, PA. Their newsletter, "We the People of Zaire" was pub.


  • Faith & Frenzy (Short Stories from Kashmir).
  • ONLY TODAY!;
  • Malaria epidemiological research in the Republic of Congo.

In Nzita announced his candidacy for President of Zaire. The company is currently drilling and sampling kimberlite and alluvial deposits in Angola as well as mining alluvial diamonds in South Africa. It is also well advanced in the acquisition of diamond prospecting rights in both Namibia and the Democratic Republic of Congo " "Petra proposes to acquire Oryx. Maintained by Radio Radicale, Italy. Covers reporting about Congo Kinshasa and Rwanda. Douglas Paterson an anthropologist. Site about Katanga. Articles opinion pieces, images of Katanga currency.

Based in Gilbert, Arizona. Now based in Kinshasa. For those with sound cards has a RealAudio version as well. Has a keyword search facility for the entire site. Listen to broadcasts from this radio station for Congo news. Requires soundcard, speakers or headset. Sponsored by the United Nations. Web site based in Lausanne, Switzerland. In the meantime, against a backdrop of weak governance and extreme poverty, DRC continues to be wracked by violence. In March two members of the UN Group of Experts on the DRC and local staff were abducted and killed in conflictive Kasai Central province in circumstances that have yet to be clarified.

By July hundreds of people had been killed and 1. The fighting was sparked by the reported killing by DRC military of a local customary chief who had been critical of the authorities. The dispute is also grounded in longstanding political, economic and governance-related grievances in the region. Militia targeted security forces and other state officials in retaliatory attacks, amidst reports of grave human rights breaches, including against children, by both sides and the reported mass targeting of local civilians believed to support the militia by security forces. Several dozen mass grave sites had been identified.

The country takes its name from the Congo River, at the mouth of which the DRC has a tiny but strategic Atlantic coastline. Most of the country has a tropical climate and vegetation; grasslands in the north, mountains in the east, and drier plateaus in the south are the exceptions. The DRC has immense mineral wealth, including copper, gold, diamonds, coltan, cobalt and manganese, but these resources have proved a curse rather than a blessing.

From early times densely forested areas have been home to indigenous, traditionally hunter-gatherer communities including Batwa of the eastern borders through to Baka groupings on the border with Congo-Brazzaville and the Central African Republic. On the forest fringes and rivers, agricultural and fishing communities showed much greater social and economic differentiation.

By the fifteenth century powerful kingdoms had developed in the south and west of the country. The largest of these was the Kingdom of Kongo, which extended in all directions from the mouth of the Congo River. Portuguese explorers arrived towards the end of the 15th century, followed by missionaries.

U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis

Slave traders arrived soon after, leading to a considerable expansion and internationalisation of the practice, which had previously been applied by the Kingdom of Kongo in local wars of conquest. In King Leopold II of Belgium organized a unique variety of colonialism in what is now Democratic Republic of Congo DRC , vesting himself with sole ownership of the entire territory and following such brutal and exploitative policies as to cause, even then, an international outcry. Congolese were enslaved en masse to collect rubber, ivory and other resources for the Belgian king and his concessionaries; communities that failed to produce faced brutal collective punishment, including the amputation of hands and execution.

Change only came slowly, and forced labour continued, even if formally banned. Belgian rule relied heavily on customary local authorities, though this often involved the disruption of pre-existing political relations, the creation and manipulation of chieftainships, and the entrenchment of ethnic divisions. This process was also reinforced by an educational system, implemented mainly by the Catholic Church and confined almost entirely to primary level, which favoured certain regions, additionally serving to formalize linguistic divisions.

Pro-independence sentiment steadily gained ground through the s and s. A deep divide within the independence movement pitted advocates of federalism against advocates of a unitary state. At Congolese independence in June , federalist Joseph Kasavubu became president, and Lumumba became prime minister. Immediately the southern province of Katanga, which has had strong economic links to neighbouring Zambia for centuries, declared independence. A prolonged period of chaos and civil war followed, in which regional and ethnic factors came to the fore. Despite the continuation of insurrectionary movements in Katanga and in the north-eastern province of Orientale, Mobutu at first achieved comparative stability by the ruthless suppression of opposition and by increasing the concentration of power in presidential hands.

Mobutu extended the legacy of Leopold and Belgium, not so much governing Zaire, but plundering it for his own wealth and power, while servicing the parallel networks of patronage and reward that constituted his own conception of African political economy.

Increasingly Mobutu moved members of his own Ngbandi and related groups — Lingala speakers from Equateur province — into positions of power, particularly within the elaborate security apparatus. Increasing popular discontent exploded into widespread rioting in many cities in , following army massacres of students the actual scale of which is contested by some in Lubumbashi and of demonstrators in Kinshasa. In Mobutu launched a pogrom against the Kasai in Shaba Katanga province, but it became increasingly clear that his grip on power was slipping: the Kasaian episode itself was rapidly co-opted by Mobutu-appointed regional governors for their own ends of power, prestige and access to resources.

This precipitated a crisis with the military and with Mobutu, who refused to ratify the appointment and the provisional Constitution. In the country had rival governments and rival prime ministers. A period of hyperinflation outstripping anything yet seen in Africa ensued, accompanied by the dollarisation of the economy in urban areas, and the reversion to a combination of forced self-sufficiency and anarchic pillage in rural zones.

Following the genocide in neighbouring Rwanda, many Hutu extremist perpetrators joined hundreds of thousands of Hutu refugees who feared retribution in eastern Zaire. From there, the militants, with the support of Mobutu, launched attacks on the new Rwandan government, as well as on Congolese Tutsi, the Banyamulenge.

In Rwanda and Uganda sent their own forces into eastern Zaire. They deployed the veteran Lumumbist rebel Laurent Kabila, an associate of the Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara, in a westward sweep toward Kinshasa, backed largely by Swahiliphone armed forces often only nominally under his control. He finally fled the country as Kabila and his allies took Kinshasa in May The fallout — legal, economic, and military — continues to the present.

Kabila renamed the country the Democratic Republic of Congo. However, he quickly fell out with Rwanda and Uganda, and in these countries sponsored rebel movements to invade the DRC anew.

Seven nations were now directly involved, and because their various roles were often rewarded in natural resource concessions, they had little incentive to withdraw. Other countries, from Chad to Ukraine, were involved through the supply of armaments, personnel, banking and money laundering facilities. Fighting continued despite a July ceasefire agreement and deployment of a UN peacekeeping mission MONUC in that was understaffed and had a weak mandate. A study by the International Rescue Committee found that between and , nearly four million people in the DRC — the equivalent of the entire population of Ireland — died as a result of the war.

Through a combination of neo-Maoist ideology, stubborn Congolese nationalism, and lack of easily mobilized personnel and resources, Laurent Kabila never managed fully to impose order upon the Kinshasa region, let alone the rest of the country and its relations with the outside world. He rapidly lost friends around the globe. Kabila was assassinated in January by one of his own Swahili-speaking bodyguards of eastern-DRC origin — although who coordinated the killing remains unknown. His son Joseph Kabila assumed the presidency amid frequent accusations among Kinshasa opposition circles that he is a Rwandan adoptee or even an impostor.

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