Listen to your work, to your instincts, and to the world. Be a receptor for all the frequencies around you. Making your art lets you consider it. For me, drawing was a key that unlocked the world. It is a way of thinking and processing information that melds my brain and my hand, letting me find profound experience in the unexpected moments of focus while making. Being an artist requires generosity of spirit, the willingness to see, hear, and feel. Art is not an ornament. It can create a space to share and transcend boundaries.
Keep your wise counsel close. Find collaborators, mentors, and critics. Keep yourself open to those who can contribute to your life in new ways. Not every influence or meaningful critic will be someone in the arts; bring a great range of experience into your life. Learn from and appreciate the expertise that your peers hold in a variety of fields. Art creates our community and expands our world as we explore perceptions, emotions, fantasy, and feelings.
Through expression and exploration we collectively process our inner states. The arts create connections and open up dialogues that we may begin but not finish ourselves. To participate in the arts is to build space for communities to grow. An artist uses the material language of the world as art evolves with society. We must be the flaneurs of our time, seeing what goes unnoticed, collecting the overlooked, and provoking the future with our questions. Art and science provide us with the tools to manage and understand our surroundings, our culture. Our lives are overwhelmed with digital excess and technologies that can dull our senses.
To see, hear, and feel our experience in the world with criticality and nuance is what makes us human. When we are drowning in material and the ephemeral content of our lives we have to ask, how do we fight back? How can we find our bearings physically in the world if we only live in the virtual? We have to find the courage to build a tangible and visceral life, not only a digital legacy. My work navigates internal and external landscapes and seeks to locate our literal and figurative bearings.
There is always a moment between the impulse and the action that embodies possibility. You must continue to stand in the storm and embrace a state of ambiguity. The artist must navigate change in their work and in their soul. We must remember in this uncertainty that each of us has a unique perspective with something to say.
Our aspiration should be to be ourselves and to interrogate our own natures, cultivating and appreciating our distinct abstract intelligence. The revelation of art comes out of the incomplete work at the threshold of the unknown. That is the moment when you must trust that your brain is assembling the fragments, and that the moments you are digesting and learning from today are the keys to your future clarity.
Take action. Live courageously. He or she will not be the most popular member of the team, but definitely the most important.
Prediction for one of the groups will come true. Send a new prediction to the 5, whom you predicted correctly earlier - again after dividing them into 2 groups People get inducted into a decision based on history without thinking logically. There is no 3rd category of passive onlookers. A Bill Gates monthly income in a group of 50 ordinary citizens can give an extremely misleading average. It works as a motivation only in companies where employees work for only money. Monet won incidentally, as against earned through hard work, is more likely to be spent erratically - though it is illogical because the money is the same.
This can be prevented if you have a clear financial plan with you. OR getting off a plane and not noticing that it did not crash. View all 15 comments. This book is the dead tree equivalent of a BuzzFeed post. Rolf Dobelli enumerates 99 thinking errors, or cognitive biases, in The Art of Thinking Clearly , dispensing as he does tips for leading a more rational, less error-prone life. Anyone who has done even the least amount of reading in this subject will recognize many of the cognitive biases that Dobelli describes here. Unlike most popular cognitive This book is the dead tree equivalent of a BuzzFeed post.
Unlike most popular cognitive psychology books, however, this book makes no central argument and does not examine these biases within a larger context. It is literally just a list, with extended descriptions, of the biases. At times, Dobelli occasionally ascribes the bias to some evolutionary origins, and he will quite often cite some interesting experiments conducted by psychologists he is not, by the way that revealed or provided insight into the bias in question. In his introduction Dobelli explains that the book began life as a personal list kept for his own benefit, and I can believe that.
Not every bias is as interesting or worthwhile as the next. But from the very beginning, I was frustrated by the brevity of each chapter. Please stay with the tour, no cameras. I wanted to be mollified by dazzling prose, but I had to settle for somewhat dull attempts at wit. I wanted to be satisfied with lucid, if too concise, explanations of these biases, but I had to settle for somewhat tepid attempts to demonstrate these biases without getting drawn into the bigger discussions of the cognitive and behavioural science that underlies them. Dobelli ties his own hands here, to poor effect.
To be fair, it is clear that Dobelli is well-read in this field. In fact, one could say that The Art of Thinking Clearly is little more than attempt to distil the biases and only the biases mentioned in Thinking, Fast and Slow and similar such books. They are space-filling exercises, attempts to get eyeballs to the page and clicks on ads. Yet with the cognitive biases removed from a larger context and reduced merely to a checklist of errors to avoid, Dobelli robs them of their greater meaning.
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I have. This book, like the BuzzFeed post it resembles, is a pale imitation of something more meaningful and accomplished. Imitation flowers have their place, but life is too short to waste it on imitation books. View all 3 comments. If you're looking for a book to help you get ahead, or improve you as a human being, don't look here ; but if like me, you want to see how a book of such reputation with no scientific ground, or even much common sense, can be so popular among some people, get this book and start reading.
I tried not to include any spoilers, so read with peace of mind if you have it in your to-read list. The fact that this is a terrible book became known to me very early in the book, however I decided to keep read If you're looking for a book to help you get ahead, or improve you as a human being, don't look here ; but if like me, you want to see how a book of such reputation with no scientific ground, or even much common sense, can be so popular among some people, get this book and start reading.
The fact that this is a terrible book became known to me very early in the book, however I decided to keep reading and finish the book, mainly for this reason, plus interest in some of the short stories in there. One thing that this book had for me, was a short list of some useful books to get to once I'm done with this one. There's tons wrong with this book, and I don't want you to have to read 5 pages here, so let's just get to a few major reasons and move on: 1.
My main issue is the writer himself, read a few of the pages, and you soon come to understand that Rolf Dobelli doesn't know what he's talking about at all. He doesn't have any new knowledge to offer, and he doesn't even offer a better way to understand already known knowledge, regardless of how much he tries. Cynicism is present all over the book , while that might be nice for a pessimist, it definitely isn't for an optimist like me, not even for non-pessimists all over the world.
I could understand this if that cynicism was at the very least standing on some facts, but even that is not the case. Plagiarism, if you looked at other reviews, you already know this one. Fortunately I've checked out " Thinking, Fast and Slow " by Daniel Kahneman a long time ago, and could see a lot of the places where Rolf Dobelli used Daniel's examples and researches throughout the book, without even slightest pointer to him, or his best-selling book, that's a big NO in my book.
This reason is enough for me to blacklist the writer for life. Not to mention the long list of stealing that he did from Nassim Taleb, just google it to see what I'm talking about 4. Lots of the data in the book is incorrect, and gladly we have math and science to back us up on this. My biggest question at these points was, "How this guy can be an investor, and work with money, if he doesn't even understand simplest statistics, and how someone must use math?
And probably the most clear one to every reader, the writer is a hypocrite. He uses at least half a dozen of methods that he explicitly "orders" you yes, "order", not "suggest" or "recommend" not to use ever. While this is clear at some points in the book, unfortunately some people find a way to overlook it. Why I didn't rate the book 1 star then? Well, the book has a list of errors, 99 to be exact, and while I don't agree with about half of them, the list can still be useful for you, maybe you can't get the required information for each error in this mostly stolen book, but it gives you a starting point to follow from other books, like Daniel Kahneman's book, and start using those points in your life.
Just make sure you apply that final step before changing anything in your life based on this book. The book also had a couple of interesting short stories and pointers that I could use as clues and find more about later on. I wrote all of them on a small piece of paper and will get to at some point. I guess you have 2 options if you're interested in this book, first of all, you could read the full book, but close off your mind and make sure you don't treat this pile of information as correct until you spent quite some time filtering it; and secondly, you could just look at the list of topics at the beginning of the book and see which ones you can agree with at that very moment, and then jump to the end of the book and check the resources, and start reading the resources instead of the book itself to get to those interesting topics; after all, the writer didn't have anything useful to add here.
I personally don't see the time I put to read this book as wasted, in fact I see it as investment into better filter wrong info in my journey , and also to understand better, the people that base their life on such books, as I believe I can do that a little bit better than before I started reading this. Thank you for spending time reading my review, will see you on the next book. View all 6 comments. Jun 14, Pooja Kashyap rated it it was ok Shelves: philosophy. I bought this book just because I saw Taleb eulogizing the book right on the book cover and so I fell for it.
Each chapter in the former case is like bu I bought this book just because I saw Taleb eulogizing the book right on the book cover and so I fell for it. Both talks about reverse engineering of thought process, counter-intuitiveness and randomness. The book is a database of brief explanations of occurrences. In one of his chapters, he talks about the inability of humans to comprehend probabilities well, I completely differ with this opinion of his.
How Can Art Spark Thinking and Learning?
People do take probabilities into consideration, I mean, there are major chunk of individuals who see life as grey and not only black or only white. For these many people, there is always a space called the benefit of doubt and they leave it open while dealing with people around them whether in office or in life as a whole. I am a person with an average intelligence yet I feel this book is far from satiating my intellectual appetite. I love books that make me think even when am not reading but this international best seller is not for me. View 2 comments.
How Can Art Spark Thinking and Learning? | Prizmah: Center for Jewish Day Schools
Mar 28, Blue rated it it was ok. FYI: I won this book from goodreads Giveaways, but that in no way influenced my review. The Art of Thinking Clearly presents a bunch of anecdotal evidence to support commonly known fallacies in logical thinking. However, if you're already a critical thinker you probably won't learn too much from this book. Also, it doesn't really seem academically researched enough to be otherwise worthwhile. If it was more humorous it would at least make the obviousness more palatable. To its benefit, you will almost definitely find at least one logical fallacy within that applies more to you personally the, "Oh, I didn't realize it, but I definitely do that!
Also, it's a pretty quick read, with separate 'chapters' a page or two for each fallacy. So readers who prefer informational shorts over long form compositions will appreciate the format. May 22, Daniela rated it it was ok. The biases it presents are, mostly, well summarized from a series of books from Taleb, Ariely, Kahneman and others which, as shown by Taleb in the link, Dobelli used without permission.
The author made no research on any of the items, but merely put forward the work of others. He does say so in the beginning, that his book comprises of research from other people, but it doesn't absolve him of copying. Other than that, I consider it a good mix of thinking errors. As long as no praise is given to the author, who should probably lock himself in his great mansion before the great thinkers put his head on a stake.
I can also say that the writing lacks true skill and this can be seen in some chapters, where the point is very vague, often contradicting in ideas and lacking meaning throughout paragraphs. That's probably the part he didn't fully understand. It is easy to read though, the chapters are 3 pages each and for this reason solely I can recommend the book for those who are not willing to spend their valuable time reading thousands of pages from the original works, but are still interested in the ways we don't think rationally.
Sep 08, Zhiyar Qadri rated it it was amazing. Absolutely In love with this books, I fulfils its title. A good way of reading it would be highlighting the clearest example in each fallacy in addition to the conclusion. I would say at the end sit down with a pen and paper and try to apply each to your life to consolidate the learning, make a list of all and in important decisions make sure they are error free.
A passage from the epilogue "Even highly intelligent people fall to the same cognitive traps. Likewise, errors are not randomly distri Absolutely In love with this books, I fulfils its title. Likewise, errors are not randomly distributed. We systematically err in the same direction. That makes our mistakes predictable, and thus fixable to a degree— but only to a degree, never completely" Jun 04, Ali Sattari rated it liked it Shelves: psychology. Good wrap-up on cognitive errors and shortcuts.
Feb 08, Andrew Wright rated it it was ok. Enjoyed somewhat, but ultimately couldn't finish. What otherwise is an entertaining collection of findings from social psychology and other thinking and human behavior focused disciplines is ruined by the author's strange compulsion to "explain" the biases he identifies with random and entirely unconvincing musings about evolutionary origins. It's not enough to explain that we overweight the potential for loss over the potential for gain, which is interesting.
Dobelli is compelled to clarify tha Enjoyed somewhat, but ultimately couldn't finish. Dobelli is compelled to clarify that this observation is explained by an "all the risk-taking people died off, so the cautious remained" hypothesis that's utterly ridiculous. Sure, maybe. Either way, it's completely speculative and without substance The Art of Thinking Clearly exposes 99 cognitive biases — simple errors all of us make in our everyday thinking — and shows us how to become rational thinkers.
Author Rolf Dobelli brings a fresh perspective because of his unique skill-set. Each short chapter deals with one cognitive bias, showing the thinking error in action and enlightening readers about how to think clearly. Entrepreneurs, like anyone, are prone to making bad decisions because of their cognitive biases.
This book will teach you how to discard irrationality and replace it with clear thinking.
Perhaps the biggest boon, however, is that it empowers entrepreneurs to become better marketers. This book increases your chances of thinking clearly. Sep 22, Yevgeniy Brikman rated it liked it. This book is a list of 99 common thinking errors and cognitive biases. Some of these you've probably heard many times before, but many will likely be new.
I found it a quick, fun, interesting read, but it has 3 major flaws: 1. Because it's just a list of 99 disconnected items, with no common "story" to tie them all together, you will forget the vast majority of it shortly after finishing the book. The book will tell you about the thinking errors, but not the solutions. Granted, there is value This book is a list of 99 common thinking errors and cognitive biases.
Granted, there is value in being aware of the thinking errors in the first place, but without a concrete plan of how to avoid the errors, there isn't much actionable to take away from the book. In short, don't expect to be thinking all that much more clearly when you're done reading. Dobelli gives you the TLDR version of these other authors, which loses much of the nuance and value. My recommendation would be to skim Dobelli's book, figure out which topics you find interesting, and go back to the original source material for a deeper, more fulfilling read.
First, email 50, people one stock prediction and a different 50, people the opposite prediction. A week later, one of those two predictions will be correct. Now repeat the process with the group where your "prediction" was correct: email 25, of them a new prediction, and the other 25, the opposite prediction.
Keep repeating this process for several weeks, and at the end, a small group of people will believe that you made a series of seemingly impossibly correct predictions in a row. These people will think you're a genius and be readily willing to give you all their money for investment. For example, in a tug of war, the more people you add to the repo, the less hard each one pulls.
The less your individual contribution is noticed, the less effort you put in. This is a critical lesson for management and team building. Most people believe that you are less "culpable" if you allow something bad to happen due to inaction rather than action. For example, shooting someone is seen as worse than letting someone die. Building no new products and going out of business because the market changed is seen as less bad than trying to build a new product and failing. We value instant rewards much, much more than the same or even larger reward, but with any sort of delay.
After all, what's one more month after waiting 12? It's exactly the same one month difference, but the possibility to get something now carries a lot of weight. People will forgive much more readily if you give a reason i. The mere presence of "because" was the important part. It comes from his joke: "When the Okies left Oklahoma and moved to California, they raised the average intelligence level in both states.
It turns out that if we develop better cancer detection techniques that catch the disease even in people that otherwise seemed healthy, we'll end up with more healthy people in stage 1. This will increase the average survival rate for patients in stage 1, even though treatment hasn't actually improved in any way!
If we work hard for something, or suffer for it, we value it much more. This is one of the reasons hazing and initiation rituals are so prevalent in groups: the pain you go through to join the group makes you value the group much more. This also explains the "Ikea Effect," where customers value their Ikea furniture more because of the effort they had to put in to assemble it.
And this also partially explains the "not invented here" syndrome, where companies prefer their internal, home-spun solutions, simply because they took part in building them, and not because those solutions are actually better than the alternatives. We forget the source of a message more quickly than the message itself. For example, you see a political campaign ad with a negative message about a candidate.
Initially, this has little impact on your opinion of that candidate, as you know that message was paid for by the opposition, which is obviously biased. However, a while later, the negative message about the candidate is likely to stay in your mind, whereas you may no longer remember the biased source of the message, and therefore, it'll start to affect your opinion.
Advertising likely takes advantage of this effect too: when you first watch a commercial touting the benefits of a product, you largely ignore it, as you know the ad is obviously biased and trying to sell you something. But a while later, you'll remember the product benefits, but not necessarily where you heard them, and you're more likely to buy the product. Risk is when you can predict the probability of various outcomes. Uncertainty is when those probabilities are totally unknown. We can calculate risk and make informed decisions about it; we cannot do the same with uncertainty. People tend to categorize money, which makes no sense, as all money should be the same to us.
The same happens with investors who suddenly get a big payout, and instead of following their usual, disciplined investing approach, they buy a bunch of high risk stocks. This is also why many services give you "free credits" when you first start: you'll end up using these free credits in a different way than you would've with your normal money, which gets you used to spending more money on that service. That is, lying that is socially acceptable. For example, women wearing makeup, or a rich person driving a fancy sports care, or a contractor promising a short timeline just to get the deal signed.
If you have a long list of TODOs on your mind, it leads to a lot of anxiety. It will actually be hard to focus on anything else until those TODOs are all done Except in one case: if you come up with a clear, solid plan for getting those TODOs done, studies show that it significantly reduces anxiety and lets you clear your mind.
Nov 25, Verylazydaisy marked it as did-not-finish.
Not worth finishing. Nice book, extremely readable because of the 52 three page-chapters. The fallacies are very recognizable, often open doors, though Dobelli uses a lot of expensive words action bias, endowment bias etc. All in all a beautifull collection of the dubious motives behind human actions.
Dobelli very often refers to practices in the world of management and financial investments; that says something about the public Dobelli is writing for. Most of the behavior he describes is to a high degree inf Nice book, extremely readable because of the 52 three page-chapters. Most of the behavior he describes is to a high degree influenced by culture, and in this case especially the rich financial-material world of managers and investors in the West. Finally I'm not convinced that the term used by Dobelli "Denkfehler" in German , cognitive bias in English is correct.
The cases he describes are more about acting in an intuitive way, than thinking wrong. Dobelli himself seems to have felt that also, because in one of his final chapters he strongly suggests to follow your heart! I fully agree, but isn't that a cognitive bias? Left me a tad disappointed. Not that the knowledge in there is wrong or displayed arrogantly, but it's superficial and rather gimmicky. Nothing in this book is going to change the way you're thinking about anything.
In fact, most people I believe are aware of cognitive dissonances, but are just defeated by them. It was a pleasant read overall, but it would've benefited from having less chapters and going more in depth about the art of thinking about certain issues the proper way.