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“Nichts als der Tod und die Satire”
Otto , Jr. Vrin , — Zirkulation von Wissen und Macht im Zeitalter des Barock , hrsg. Satyrischer Pilgram , hrsg. In he returned to Karlsruhe to take up a position as a deacon at the Karlsruhe Gymnasium, but was instead only named a " subdeacon ". In Hebel became a professor and court deacon. He taught several other subjects in the Gymnasium, among them botany and natural history.
He took a broad interest in botany; he maintained a herbarium and rearranged the botanical terms and diagnoses in Flora badensis alsatica , written by his friend, botanist Karl Christian Gmelin. In his honour, Gmelin named a plant Hebelia allemannica , though it was later renamed Tofieldia calyculata. Hebel lived in Karlsruhe until his death, but made occasional journeys to other regions.
His wish to become a parish priest in Wiesental was never fulfilled, though he wrote an inaugural sermon for a rural parish in In this sermon he wrote, "to live and die as a pastor in a peaceful country town, among honest people, has always been my sole wish, up to this hour; it was what I wished for in the happiest and in the darkest moments of my life". As a member of parliament he devoted himself mainly to education, the church and social policy. Hebel's health deteriorated after His grave is there.
Apart from a few early attempts, Hebel's began his literary work near the end of the 18th century. After returning to Karlsruhe from a trip to Wiesental in , he began to write Allemannische Gedichte , inspired by a longing for his home. Allemannische is the spelling he used; normally it has just one "l".
The 32 poems "for friends of the rural way of life" were written in Alemannic , the local dialect of Wiesental.
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Hebel could not find a Basel publisher willing to produce the book in Alemannic, and the collection was only published in by Philip Macklot in Karlsruhe, after Hebel and his friends managed to collect enough advance subscriptions. The first edition was published anonymously, possibly because Hebel was concerned about getting a rustic image. In Allemannische Gedichte , Hebel depicts the local life and customs of his homeland, with topics ranging from a description of the river Wiese , through praise of the Breisgau area, to his work in the ironworks in Hausen.
Allemannische Gedichte was very successful, and a new edition was published a year later, this time crediting the author. Famous poets such as Jean Paul and Goethe wrote reviews of the poems. Hebel was elated at this success and wrote in a letter: "In certain moments I feel all proud inside, and as if drunk with happiness, that I could make our otherwise despised and ridiculed language so classical and give it such artistic fame". This old Lutheran calendar was selling poorly in the early 19th century, and Hebel was a member of the commission appointed to suggest improvements.
After several discussions, Hebel finally became editor of the new calendar, which was first released in One of the biggest improvements was to have more text, featuring "instructive news and funny stories". Hebel wrote about 30 of these stories each year,  and they were highly successful.
Further editions followed in and The calendar stories included news, short stories, anecdotes, comical stories and modified fairy tales. They were intended both to entertain and to provide moral education. The philosopher Ernst Bloch called the first "the most beautiful story of the world". There he portrays a Catholic who prays to heaven instead of to the cross-bearing priest; the change can be viewed as a conversion of the Catholic to Protestantism. Hebel rounded off his story with the words: "The family friend knows to praise and venerate that, although he has never prayed to a rosary, else he would not write to the Lutheran calendar.
After the calendar stories, Hebel wrote Biblische Geschichten Bible stories , a new school book for evangelical religious education. His criteria were that it should be clearly written and tell biblical stories in an exciting narrative style aimed at children from ten to fourteen. It was used as a textbook until Sebald and Tolstoy.
Die Straße by Andreas Maier
Goethe, who tried to write a poem the "Schweizerlied", Swiss song in Alemannic himself, praised the Allemannische Gedichte highly. According to him, Hebel "countrified the universe in the most naive, graceful fashion". One just needs to learn this language!