Le fruit de la passion est acide. Le guarana est un arbuste sur lequel poussent les baies de guarana ou le guarana. Au centre se trouve un gros noyau. On consomme la jaboticaba crue, en jus, en vins, liqueurs, confitures… La jaboticaba a des composants anti-oxydants et anti-inflammatoires.
Pavé Littérature 2015
Le jacque ou la pomme jacque est un fruit poussant sur arbre, le jacquier. Il est cependant possible de les manger cuites. On en fait des boissons ou encore des confitures. La lime est acide. Lichias, Uruvaias. Sa pulpe est blanche, juteuse. Au centre se trouve un noyau toxique. Le longan est un fruit poussant sur le longanier.
Le longan est un peu acide, et riche en vitamine C. On consomme ce fruit en jus, sorbets, on en fait des vins, conserves…. Certains quartiers peuvent contenir un noyau. Le mangoustan est aussi un anti-microbien et un anti-parasitaire. Le fruit est petit, rond et jaune, avec une chair claire. On en fait des jus, des sorbets…. Sa chair ferme et claire contient des petites graines comestibles. La noisette de Cayenne pousse sur le noisetier de Cayenne. Black card stock, photographs in transparent individual pockets. A collection of 33 original silver prints of the planet Mars taken by American spacecrafts Mariner 6, 7 and 9 between and Mars has attracted the attention of humanity.
In Mesopotamia, in China, they go back more than years. With the appearance of the first astronomical glasses, it is the details that we began to distinguish on the surface of the fourth planet of our solar system. Astronomers believe they see a world similar to the earth: Ice caps, continents, oceans, changing vegetation with the seasons At the end of the 19th century, the Italian Giovanni Virginio Shiaparelli distinguishes straight lines resembling canals and he mapped them in Continuing his work, the American Percival Lowel , defends the theory of artificial Martian channels.
Lowell was convinced of the existence of Martians fighting the drought and desertification of their planet. In the early s, these beliefs are outdated, however the scientific world still considers the possibility of a plant life on the red planet. The exploration missions of the American Mariner missions will revolutionize our knowledge of Mars.
The Mariner program is a series of NASA missions that aim to send spacecrafts to study the three inner planets of the solar system, the closest from the Earth. Ten spacecrafts, from Mariner 1 to Mariner 10, are launched between and as appropriate to Mars, Venus and Mercury. The present collection includes 5 photographs taken by Mariner 6, 7 by Mariner 7 and 21 by Mariner 9. On July 14 and 15, , Mariner 4 flew over Mars and made the first 22 images of the planet. These images put an end to many theories of the time by revealing a more lunar than terrestrial surface, no expanse of water and a weak atmosphere.
Launched on February 24, , Mariner 6 is the second mission to reach Mars. She managed to take 75 pictures of Mars during her flyover. Mariner 7, launched March 27, , closely followed Mariner 6, by fulfilling the same objectives. Despite technical problems during her trip, the spacecraft even provides more scientific data than her partner.
Mariner 9 is launched on May 30, Its mission is to complete the studies and measurements made by the previous couple, while being the first spacecraft to orbit a planet other than Earth, allowing a long study mission. Mariner takes photos of the surface with surprising clarity, resolution reaching 1 kilometer.
Using her instruments UV, IR, IR radiometer and two cameras , she discovers striking elements of Martian geography such as Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in the solar system, and the huge canyon that will be named Valles Marineris, in honor of the success of the mission. She allowed to build the vertical profile of its atmosphere.
Mariner 9 also analyzed the two natural satellites of Mars, Phobos and Deimos. Our shots of Mariner 6 and 7 include views of the entire planet as well as images of the surface and its many impact craters. The ones of Mariner 9 reveals all of its geography: its mountain ranges, valleys, volcanoes, plains, poles On the back of each shot are printed: the date of the shooting, the name of the spaceship, the distance, the scale and a detailed description of the geographical area. Despite its aridity unveiled by these images, interest in the red planet has only grown for 50 years.
To the spaceships in orbit have succeeded the rovers exploring its surface, and now comes the concrete realization the project of a human exploration of Mars. Paris, Guillyn, New expanded edition of this reference gastronomic book by Menon. Little is known about the author except that he was a gastronomist scholar and published many highly sought-after works.
The author specifies that this guide is for the use of all those involved in house expenses. He lists the recipes according to the seasons and the products meat, fish, vegetables etc , the utensils necessary for their preparation as well as all the specific terms in the kitchen. The explanations are detailed and precise, so that any type of reader can follow without difficulty.
Among other things, you can learn the recipe for beef tongue, turbot with capers or caramel cream ink. Quelques uns portent la signature "Nox", sans doute le pseudonime de l'artiste. Important set of original models of postcards made with watercolor on strong paper. Some bear the signature "Nox", probably the pseudonym of the artist. They mostly represent country landscapes, villages, churches, houses under the snow, lakes, rivers, bridges and sometimes some villagers.
The collection also includes flowers, cats, and a series on Venice. Rare testimony of this art today disappeared. SL, L. De format divers la plupart par mm. Mostly by mm. He then produced an extremely important iconography for the history of Egypt and the whole Middle East. His works became famous because of the tourists who brought home his photos as souvenirs. Gherardi dated , and 26 are unsigned. All these prints on albumen paper are laminated on sheets of strong cardboard. With captions in the photo or handwritten. Also include: 1 large panorama. The album features views of Jerusalem, collective prayer scenes, animated street scenes, Bethlehem, Nazareth, Jaffa, Syria, portraits of locals in costumes, crafts, Bedouins, some snapshots of Malta in including a spectacular panoramic photo of the harbor of one meter wide.
Scarce iconography of the Middle East at the end of the 19th century. Provenance: Library of the Captain Louis Lacroix , naval historian and author of many books devoted mainly to the era of tall ships. Full list of photos on request. Nova typis transacta navigatio Novi orbis Indiae Occidentalis La planche de Kilian montre un portrait complet de Colomb sous un globe ou une carte circulaire, avec l'inscription "Almirante de nauios par las Indias". Engraved emblematic title, 19 folding, woodcut diagrams in text. Plate of Columbus with a map of the world, signed by Wolfgang Kilian.
First Edition, second issue of this famous relation of the Benedictine missionaries who accompanied Columbus on his second voyage to the Americas. Although laced with miraculous accounts, beginning with the mass celebrated by St. Brendan on the back of a whale pl. A specimen of music is given on pp. The author accuses the Protestant de Brys' accounts of being filled with lies, and dwells on the barbaric cruelties of the natives in support of the notion that Satan ruled the native American religions. Only the first engraving is signed, by Wolfgang Kilian , Augsburg master-engraver, but the others are comparable in style and were probably also executed by him.
Kilian's plate shows a full length portrait of Columbus under a globe or circular map, with the inscription Almirante de nauios par las Indias. Original edition. He was corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of Paris. Venice, Gioliti, Re-used vellum. First edition of a letter written by Gasparo Coelho, dated 13 February, Coelho was Vice-provincial of the Jesuit mission in Japan, based in Nagasaki.
Streit describes another edition printed by the same publisher in the same year, but with the following title: Lettera annale scritta di novo dal Giapone, delle cose iui successe lanno MDLXXXII. The present edition is not recorded in Streit. A French edition, translated by Michel Coyssard, was published in Paris in , and a German translation was published in Dilingen in Sans lieu, Contemporary half vellum. Remarkable set of original drawings by the naval painter Antoine Roux , the most famous of the dynasty. He was famous for its ships portraits: 11 of them in the present set, most of them belonged to the French Navy.
Those pencil drawings are followed by some wash drawings depicting Mediterranean landscapes and harbors Toulons Baye. Exceptional work. Et de Tulard et Garnier. Engraved frontispieces, engraved plates and tables. Original pink boards, spines gold-stamped. By a Field Officer on the Staff. Illustrated with a Plan of the Operations. London, Printed for John Joseph Stockdale, Sabin, ; Alberich, Contemp cardboard binding. Auchmuty was born in New York, from a family of loyalists, was the son of the Rector of Trinity Church.
The Contradictions of Revolution: Boudjedra and Algerian History
This attack is part of a series of British incursions in South America in early Nineteenth century. Auchmuty's initial mission was to retake Buenos Aires, which had been briefly under British control. Held in check in his mission, he decides to attack near Montevideo, a city much less fortified than Buenos Aires. The book contains the narrative of the operations and the text of Auchmuty general order of declaring the victory.
An appendix gives Auchmutys version of the events, with the names of the British employed in the attack and those who were killed, the catches made at Montevideo and the related proceedings in Parliament. The engraved plan placed as a frontispiece shows the geographical area, with the delimitation of the movements of British troops. Par ceux de la Co[m]pagnie du nom de Iesus, depuis lan Lyons, Benoist Rigaud, Cordier Japonica, DAcosta's work is divided in four parts containing about forty letters of Eastern missionaries written between and , mostly concerning Japan.
Other letters discuss in detail the religion and government of Japan, as well as the missionaries' way of instructing and converting the Japanese. Historia naturale, e morale delle Indie; scritta dal R. Novamente tradotta della lingua Spagnola nella Italiana da Gio. Paolo Galucci Salodiano Academico Veneto. Petite mouillure d'angle interne sur les tous premiers ff. Il sagit du premier travail important sur les Indes occidentales : le Nouveau Monde.
JCB I, p. Antique full vellum, ink title. Acosta was one of the first Europeans to provide a detailed image of the physical and human geography of Latin America; his studies of the Indian civilizations of the New World were a major source of information for several centuries. He may, indeed, be called the first of the true Americanists. Relation dun voyage dexploration au nord-est de la colonie du Cap de Bonne Esperance, entrepris dans les mois de mars, avril et mai Paris, Arthus Bertrand, First edition of this account of a journey undertaken north-east of the colony of the Cape.
The work is illustrated with a fold. Thomas Arbousset converted into contact with a blind neighbor to whom he read the Bible, missionary accounts and stories of persecution suffered by their Huguenot ancestors. It was during these readings that he decided to become a missionary. The Society of Evangelical Missions sent him to Lesotho where he stayed for twenty-seven years. Following his journey in , he published, in Paris in , this poignant account of what he discovered in these "wild and unknown lands", as he defines them himself.
Paris, Les Belles Lettres, Exemplaire de l'imprimeur cachet imprimeur rouge sur la page de garde. Beatrice Banning Ayers - married General Patton in She was bilingual French and translated many manuals of the French army into English. She traveled in the United States during the Second World War by collecting money during mandatory collections. After the death of her husband in , Mrs. Patton became an energetic and very persuasive speaker. She also had a good pen, and published 3 books including this book on the legends of Hawaii based on a rich bibliography.
Amsterdam: Jodocus Hondius, Contempoary vellum. First edition due to Hondius. Copy from the collection of three generations of French cartographers. The book contains 4 maps of the world and 15 relating to the Americas. Histoire de la Premiere Descouverte et Conqueste des Canaries.
Faite des l'an per Messire Jean de Bethencourt. Paris, Michel Soly, Le tout receuilly de divers. Borba de Moraes I, p. Jean de Bethencourt's portrait by Balthasar Moncornet. Original velum. Fine copy of this scarce Americana, complete with the 2 parts and portrait, only edition of the very first French publication dealing with the history of maritime explorations.
The texts of the first part were compiled by Pierre Bergeron: it's a very complete history of world exploration at the age of discovery, concentrated on French' voyages, including Jacques Cartier du Mont, Lescarbot, Poutrincourt, Champlain With an amazing portrait. A Paris, Chez H. Delatour, Title in red and black. Contemporary full calf. First edition of this important treatise with a detailled list of the all day and night signals used in Navy.
Fresh copy in a fine contemporary binding. Polak - Scott - Brunet VI, First edition of this important work which lists in detail all the night and day signals used in the navy. Before publishing it, Bigot de Morogues used his manuscript for a few years to instruct the naval guards of Brest. He then went to the navy in , served on the "Bourbon", and became captain in In , he commands the "Magnifique", forming the rear guard of the squadron of the marshal of Confians destined for a landing in Scotland, and supports alone, November 20, day of the battle of Quiberon, the shock of three English ships.
His solid knowledge of both the artillery and the navy has made him think several times about the ministry of the navy; but this nomination never succeeds. Appointed Inspector of Marine Artillery in , he ended his life on his land. His abilities enabled him to compose practical works of clear design and exposition, which for a long time were authoritative; he is also at the origin of the Academy of Marine formed definitively in , and of which he was the first director.
The work is divided in two parts: the first deals with naval evolutions and the second general signals and orders by day, by night, by fog that a naval army must know and execute. Impressed by the formalism of European naval tactics, the work is characteristic of the technical fights of the time. As a result of a desire for prudence, we wanted to avoid random overflow maneuvers. Attempts to concentrate on the opposing fleet are becoming increasingly rare, and rigidity of the line and discipline of fire is imposed.
The battles can be summed up in endless evolutions to take advantage of the wind, followed by a barren cannonade between two parallel lines. This formalism reigns especially in France since the treaty of of Father Hoste, but also in Spain and, to a lesser extent, in England. It leads to a strategic deviation, the "non-battle" which contributes to developing the passivity of the officers. One of the rare copies printed on large paper, very fresh. Ecrit en Anglais par M. Faux-titre, Titre , xvi pp. Salissures marginales aux premiers et derniers feuillets.
EO anglaise, , Londres. Ils rejoignent Tahiti le 26 octobre Ils rejoignent Tofoe, puis, durant quarante-huit jours, ils font route vers Timor. Contemp sheep. First French edition of Bligh's own account of the mutiny on the Bounty, the most notorious incident in maritime history. This publication predates Bligh's full account of the voyage by two years. Bligh was anxious to have an account of the mutiny itself available to safeguard his own reputation and in order to present copies to the Lords of the Admiralty before the court-martial of the mutineers, to absolve him from blame.
Le bateau prit des passagers jusquau Portugal, fit escale en Afrique pour atteindre Valparaiso le 19 octobre Contemporary cloth binding. Spirited narrative by Gaston Boite, French emigrant to Chile in the beginning of the 20th century. The journey from France to South America still was an adventure, for the crossing and the installation and this log gives a vivid picture of it. A fascinating story by Gaston Boite, a French emigrant who left La Rochelle for Chile at the beginning of the 20th century. At the beginning of the century, traveling to Chile was still truly adventurous both in crossing and settling in the country, and this newspaper gives a vision that is both lively, colorful and detailed.
The first part is devoted to the journey: Gaston Boite retraces the stops by focusing on different atmospheres, depicts the landscapes and living conditions on board, reports the flow of passengers and goods, in a painting where the scenes are mixed more or less incredible on board and in the ports, including scenes of sale on the sly, and more precise elements on the prices of the various goods and the nationalities and social backgrounds of the passengers, all forming a precious testimony on these crossings at the beginning of the century.
La table en annonce 35 cartes et plans. Charming little maritime atlas fully engraved, giving the coast of France and many fortified ports. Allegorical title designed by Monnet engraved by Legrand. The table announces 35 cards and plans. Beautiful copy bound in red morocco. Par M. Bossu, Capitaine dans les troupes de la Marine. Half marbled sheep. Second edition of primary interest for Louisiana, Alabama, and Illinois. Bossu, a captain in the French Navy, was the first to write about Louisiana in detail and based on personal experience.
The work is actually a collection of 21 letters he wrote during his first two voyages to the country, in and Sabin I find no record of the first edition. Bossu arrived in New Orleans a few years after its founding, and only eighty years after La Salle came down the Mississippi. This collection of letters, revealing many vivid personal and secondhand recollections, gives a fascinating portrait of life and travels in that vast area. Paris, Presentation copy. First edition of this founding text of the prehistoric science, due to Jacques Boucher de Perthes , pronounced during the session of June 7th, of the Imperial Society of emulation.
The work is illustrated with two plates representing tools: "Probably out of axes and other tools of antediluvian flints" and a geological section: "reduced cut of the Menchecourt ground near Abbeville" lithographed in the text. With his theory of the existence of an antediluvian man, the author attracts the wrath of the scientific community. It was not until and the discoveries of Henry Testot Ferry that scientists began to realize the importance of Boucher de Pertheswork, unfortunately very shortly before his death.
Nice copy in its publisher cover. Provenance: Mr Cornuau, prefect of the Somme handwriting of the author. Published at a few copies. Rare on the market. Elle est due au navigateur Edmond Bigot de la Touanne, au naturaliste Lesson. Ferguson II, Paquet, fat spines gilt-lettered, blind-stamped anchor tools.
The Contradictions of Revolution: Boudjedra and Algerian History | Warscapes
Provenance: Lieutenant Commander H. Paquet binding. First edition of this nicely illustrated work on the French circumnavigation under command of Baron De Bougainville, son of the greatexplorer Louis de Bougainville. The lithographed views were made by Bichebois,Sabatier, and Bayot after designs by E. The fine colour-printed engraved plates by H. Bessa, show plants and animals, including a curious case of Siamese twins, theAustralian kangaroo, two beautiful plates of the Australian parrot, and a finecolour-plate with butterflies.
The double-page maps and plates were all engravedby Amboise Tardieu, mostly after designs by E. Berlin, Paris, Ch. Jombert, Bel exemplaire, frais. Rare treaty on the construction of dikes by Mr. Bourdet - , French engineer and hydraulician of the Royal Academy of Architecture of Paris, who practiced especially in Germany. The book is dedicated to Count Othon of Podexils - , Prussian ambassador.
From time immemorial, man has sought to retain water, divert it, or protect itself from it, whether it is to sail, to increase agricultural surfaces or to build, to use the driving force of water. This work deals with the issues of interest of dykes, reasons of their construction, repairs in case of breakage, disadvantages and benefits for humans other than saving lives, all these topics are detailed in 19 chapters with the support of 9 plates of diagrams of a great precision. Provenance: Bramshill ex-libris emblazoned on the back of the 1st dish.
Nice copy, fresh. Avec introduction et notes. Cependant, peu de journaux de corsaires sont connus. Il dresse des cartes des rades quil visite. Their "catches" bring considerable sums of money to the treasure of the crown, and the names of several French corsairs remain famous. However, few privateers' journals are known. Lawrence in Canada on behalf of of the Company of New France.
Thus begins his long career at sea of forty-eight years. Recognized as an excellent pilot, he is the privileged witness of the whole maritime history of the time of Louis XIV. He remains, with Duguay Trouin, the most prolific corsaire, having left memories written with care and meticulousness. Here is an overview of his feats of arms as captain corsair: In , Jean Doublet takes command of a frigate corsair from Granville, the "Jeune Homme" barrels, 16 guns and 25 men , then the ton corsair frigate of Saint-Malo, the "Comte de Revel", with which he captured an English coastguard of barrels and 40 guns.
In he was captured by the British in the Channel and remained a prisoner for three and a half months in Plymouth. In , he commanded the St. He draws maps of the places he visits. On April 22, , he returned to Port-Louis with a booty of , piastres of gold and silver! Jean Doublet then retired in Honfleur, occupying his last years in the drafting of his journal.
Like Duguay Trouin, he writes his memoirs for his family and his friends who want to know his sea adventures. The corsair's diary is accompanied by an introduction, a family tree, a series of pieces and documents and a table of names and vessels cited. L'Egypte et la Syrie ou moeurs, usages, costumes et monumens des Egyptiens, des Arabes et des Syriens. Paris, Nepveu, Breton a produit des travaux similaires sur la Chine et la Russie. Superbe exemplaire. Blackmer ; Brunet I; Atabey First edition, beautifully bound and in period colors with heightened gold, of this book dedicated to Egypt and the Middle East.
A major actor in court reporting in France, co-founder and manager of the Gazette des Tribunaux, he knows almost all the languages of Europe English, German, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch, Italian. He was thus the ideal man to carry out the work entrusted to him by the publisher Nepveu, a bookseller passionate about travel. Breton has produced similar works on China and Russia. He yielded to Breton not only information, but also unpublished drawings he had himself made during his journey and that Breton adds those of Luigi Mayer published in England. In his preface, Breton praises the success of the French in Egypt "where the French name has left such beautiful memories.
The iconography consists of 84 plates with an important ethnographic part: inhabitants of all social categories, scenes of life, crafts, objects, furniture, weapons, musical instruments and views of monuments, cities and landscapes of the Holy Land and from Egypt. The double page plates are mostly reduced versions of Mayer's Egypt. The set is in period colors with especially fresh. Superb copy. Paris, Durand, First Edition of this important work by Charles de Brosses , considered as one of the major works dealing with the first voyages in the Pacific, intended to stimulate French exploration and colonization of the South Seas.
This publication is the major work of Brosses, French magistrate, historian, linguist and writer. In the eighteenth century, "Terres Australes" does not refer only to the glacial continents of the Arctic and Antarctic, but refers to a larger and more indefinite region of the southern hemisphere from the Cape of Good- Hope to the Strait of Magellan via the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific, three distinct regions that the author names respectively: Australasia, Polynesia and Magellania this last name based on the belief in existence from a continent beyond the tip of South America.
The book contains the story of all journeys to the south, starting with the second Vespucci expedition from to , including trips to Magellan, Drake, Schouten, Tasman The text was later used as base for Callander's highly influential "Terra Australis Cognita" of in this form it had much to do with British plans for colonial expansion through transportation.
Brosses suggests that France should colonize Australia thus virtually predicting its ultimate destiny! The text is illustrated with 7 maps by Robert de Vaugondy, which gives the geographical representation of the mid-eighteenth century world. The first represent the whole of the southern hemisphere with Australia in center. Broughton arriva en Inde en , comme Cadet de lEtablissement du Bengale. Bel exemplaire, coloris frais. Original card-board bindings. First French edition. Broughton first arrived in India in as a cadet on the Bengal establishment.
Following the siege of Seringapatam in , in which he was actively engaged, he was appointed commandant of the cadet corps. At the time he wrote the present work he was military resident with the Mahrattas. His book is dedicated to the Marquis of Wellesley, "the acute detector of Mahratta wiles, the firm repeller of their insolent pretensions, and the formidable barrier to their ambitious projects; their vigorous opponent in time of war, and their generous pacificator in the hour of victory.
Abbey, Travel, ; Tooley, ; Colas, Paris, Imprimerie Royale, Faux-titre, Titre , pp. Dans cet ouvrage technique, il aborde les questions du lestage et donne la comparaison du poids de la charge et du poids de la coque. L'illustration se compose de 6 planches : 1. Plan du lest de fer d'un vaisseau de 74 canons. Premier plan de futailles d'un vaisseau de 74 canons.
Second plan de futailles d'un vaisseau de 74 canons. Plan de la Coupe Verticale-longitudunale d'un Vaisseau de 74 Canons. Full calf binding with the guilted arms of France. First and only edition of this scarce treatise by Burgues de Missiessy At the beginning of his brilliant carrier as a sea officer he was Vice Amiral in the French Navy in , he served under Admiral d'Estaing during his campaigns in the American Revolutionary War.
He also was Directeur of the French shipbuilding school. The present book was printed by order of the Governement. Superb copy of this rare work, printed on a special heavy velum paper with the binging of the king Louis the XVIth. Jomard, membre de linstitut. T, T et 1 portrait frontispice de l'auteur , XII, pp. Catalogue ; , ,  pp.
Gay, Publisher covers. Original edition of this scarce account. Rene Caillie was presented with the Legion of Honor as the first European to return alive from Timbuktu. Then he went to the mysterious city, saw something of its real character, and crossed the Sahara to Morocco, reaching the west coast of Fez.
For this journey he was rewarded by the Geographical Society of Paris" Baker. Fx-titre, frontispice, titre , pp. Provenance : Alexandre Emmanuel Louis de Bauffremont-Courtenay , prince de Bauffremont et du Saint-Empire, marquis de Bauffremont et de Listenois, comte de l'Empire , pair de France , premier duc de Bauffremont , chevalier de lordre royal et militaire de Saint-Louis. Contemporary half-sheep. Armorial ex-libris. First edition of this beautiful work richly illustrated with detailed hand-colored full-page engravings depicting scenes, Ottomans costumes, portraits, weapons, tools, musical instruments etc.
Castellan gives an elaborate account of the history, emperors, people, religion, arts and professions, richly illustrated. The French publisher Nepveu published a series of books with similar descriptions of different countries and regions of the world. Fine copy of a prestigious provenance. Paris, Le Rouge, Millard, Second edition in French.
In this set of drawings made on site, Chambers aims to stop the "extravagant productions A Chapter is devoted to the distribution of Chinese gardens. A first edition containing only 19 p. Vial du Clairbois. A Brest, Chez R. Il en prend la direction sur ordre du roi Gustave III qui l'anoblit en Il construira au total 24 vaisseaux de ligne. French edition translated from the Swedish, of one of the most famous naval architecture treatises produced in the 18th century.
Copy with 80 pages of notes and handwritten addendum diagrams in English. In the 18th century, naval architecture is the equivalent of what will be the 20th aerospace industry. However, in it remains an empirical art based on the knowledge and the eye of some exceptional master carpenters: most military and merchant ships are built without a specific plan, based on simple sketches and arsenal models.
Duhamel Du Monceau's work "Elements darchitecture navale" published in , is a revolution. It addresses shipbuilding for the first time in a scientific way and accessible to all. From then, the civil and military shipyards adopt a rational work based on the physical and mathematical sciences and perfectly established plans. This work by Sweden Frederick Henry of Chapman, appeared for the first time in Translated into several languages, he will not know an edition in English until Smith, Cambridge.
This treatise is the work of a sailor who knew perfectly the construction of the vessels. At the age of 15, he left for Stockholm to learn the art of shipbuilding. With a partner he opened a shipyard in Gothenburg from This did not prevent him from traveling a lot and even being briefly arrested in , when he visited an English shipyard without authorization. In he took the mathematics classes of English Thomas Simpson He will thus use Simpson's method numerical calculation of an integral to determine mathematically the different characteristics of a ship volumes, surfaces, center of gravity Notre collaborateur M.
Il comprend les noms de MM. Celle de Stendhal en est une. Les oiseaux chantaient dans les hautes branches. Berr, Le Lion devenu vieux de M. Villeroy, Monsieur Puic-Puic de M. Alfred Machard. Willy, dans une lettre importante pour les biographes futurs. On nous affirme que M. Bien que M. Il est incontestable que M. Cette affirmation paraissait douteuse.
Ses partisans restent turcophiles. On ne regarde pas dans les haremlik. Il faut souvent le canon pour forcer des bicoques. De temps en temps, dans cette cour passaient des pappas. Mais les miracles sont interrompus. Le catholicisme allemand est surtout pratique. Herbert Booth serait le directeur. Les socialistes allemands sont dans la joie. Les catholiques aussi. Le premier contact entre Russes et Japonais eut lieu en Mais les Japonais agirent avec promptitude et vigueur. Mais il agit comme elle et tandis que le nord se peuplait de Russes, au sud le nombre des Japonais augmentait.
Cette action indigna les Japonais. Chemulpo fut ouvert en Le contrat fut accompli par les deux parties. Fernschreiben remplacera sous peu telegraphieren. De tout temps, je crois, on a vu Cabliaud ou Cabliot au lieu de cabillaud sur les menus des restaurants allemands. Mahmoud Nedim bey est un homme peu estimable, envieux, avare et jaloux. Il ne resta que la femme du ministre roumain.
Mahmoud Nedim bey ne broncha pas. Henri Braun.
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Harden appelle tout simplement des mensonges. Il le crie violemment. Mais non, M. Harden, M. Bernhard fit amende honorable devant M. Harden cite une lettre dans laquelle M. Harden ne voulut plus recevoir M. Harden refusa les articles. Braun en , et Au sujet du compagnon Heine, M. Il promet de tout dire prochainement. Maximilien Harden nous parle longuement de Heine dans la Zukunft.
Il semble sans cesse sur le point de prononcer le Tu quoque! Le bras droit lui restait. Je suis vieux. En , il survint quelque chose de semblable dans la vie de Kant. Ce fut un malheur, et avec cet arbre disparut une partie de la raison du vieillard. Il tomba malade. En , Kant introduisit quelques changements dans ses habitudes. Le philosophe changea plus tard le c en k pour germaniser son nom. Il y mettait de la recherche.
Kant les remercia avec sa galanterie ordinaire et leur donna sa rose. Il avait soixante-dix-huit ans. Progressivement, la faiblesse du Beau Professeur augmenta. Pendant un voyage en Italie, je pense, Aladro prenait un bain. On pourrait intituler cette histoire Aladro ou la crampe merveilleuse. Grand bien lui fasse! Le Saint-Esprit va descendre sur moi. La pelisse ne valait rien. Le prince avait des besoins. La presse le faisait chanter. Une aide intelligente a permis cette modification. Le voyage dura six jours. Johann Gottfried Herder fut pourtant un esprit universel.
To answer your questions properly would mean writing a small volume. All I can say, in a few lines, is that. The great modem transition from abstract music to poetic music would have been impossible, on so large a scale, without the opulent modern orchestra. The question of expense, too, has to be considered.
Larger orchestras mean extra cost, and there must be a limit to what the public will pay to hear good music. It looks, then, as if the impossibility of increasing the power of the strings. Cinquante violons sont, je pense, deux fois plus sonores que vingt-cinq.
Mais je doute que cent violons donnent deux fois plus de son que cinquante. At the beginning of the 18th century there was a rough sort of organisation of the orchestra, but it was less organized than is generaly realized. The orchestra as we know it begins with Haydn, and owes its development mainly to the new style of composition in which form was all important and counterpoint left to musty professors, a style which originated with the Italian composers of the early eighteenth century.
The development of the orchestra in the 19th century cannot be dissociated from the other developments of music which went on at the same time. Thus it has come about that in our day the orchestra has come to be the vehicle for the expression of the most complicated musical thought.
No composer at the present day, it may safely be said, has attained the perfect balance of sensuous and emotional beautv which we find in Mozart. With regard to modifications in the composition of the orchestra, it seems more desirable to reduce its size than to augment it. Both players and composers ought to realize that an instrument only justifies its existence by having a tone and a style of execution which no other instrument possesses.
The last question is one for the student of literature rather than the musical historian. Mais je nommerai Swinburne et G. Il serait utile de poursuivre ces recherches. Je suis surpris que les imperfections de nos quatuors ne frappent pas davantage. Rimsky-Korsakow fait usage du pianino.
Elle va devenir une cause. Berlioz romantique est un gluckiste. Son Requiem proportionne la clameur au drame de la mort. Et le grand Wagner lui doit beaucoup, sur ce point…. Depuis deux cents ans? Que cela prouve-t-il? Cela est un signe. Je ferai, M. Croyez, M. Schubert et Schumann sont pour le dessin, Gluck et Berlioz pour la couleur. Mais on craint un peu que toute cette reprise ne soit artificielle. La ville des trois mages et de Stollwerck est trop fameuse, M.
Ainsi va le monde. Mais que la gloire ne le grise point. Pour M. Jean Rameau. Novicow qui chante la grandeur de la France comme il convient. Cette phrase de M. Mademoiselle Colette va partir. En France la masse du peuple ignore encore toutes les victoires japonaises. Pour 1. Le directeur M. Il dirigea la Revue franco-allemande qui fit du bruit en son temps. La Presse nous apprend que M. Boni de Castellane est un homme jeune, brillant et divers. A Channel Passage and other Poems. Un abord difficile. Mais M. Regnault ne nous a rien dit de tout cela.
Cependant, El Mokri croit la nouvelle fausse. Il ne sait pas combien Je temps il y demeurera. Il a une mission. Des petites gens incendient leur maison pour toucher le montant de leur assurance, et la femme du cordonnier Fielitz meurt subitement au dernier acte. Tous ces cordonniers et forgerons parlent pour ne rien dire. La France garde, en Allemagne du moins, le prestige de sa richesse. Les Berlinois applaudissent La Dame de chez Maxim.
Non seulement ses livres se vendent dans toutes les librairies, mais encore dans tous les bazars. La petite salle des Scharfrichter contient une centaine de places. Il ne joue jamais sauf dans les pantomimes. Hans Richard Weinhoppel est le compositeur infatigable de la troupe. Elle est le type pour eux de la femme moderne. Le talent de Robert Randau est puissant, tentaculaire comme un monstre marin. Leur langue est riche, souple, originale et exactement consciencieuse.
Pierre Baudin mis en avant comme celui du prochain gouverneur de la colonie. Il serait alors heureux que M. En M. Ensuite M. Baudin au lieu du chapelier Faberot. Le passage de M. Au point de vue social, diverses mesures prises par M. Baudin a repris sa place au Palais. Baudin de faire partie du cabinet actuel. Pierre Baudin ne soit pas parti. Mais, allez, je ne demande pas autre chose! Quels sont vos souvenirs de cette lecture? On paria trois bouteilles de champagne pour corser la chose. Si MM. Le plus jeune.