Un terrain à histoire.
Della misura dell'acque correnti On the Measurement of Running Waters is considered as the beginning of modern hydraulics. This particular book by Benedetto Castelli was owned by his pupil Giovanni Alfonso Borelli — as can be discerned by his signature on the title page. Moreover, Castelli was a close personal friend of Galileo Galilei.
As Stillman Drake notes, "Castelli's importance to science lay not only in his extension and dissemination of Galileo's work and methods, but also in his long and faithful service to Galileo during the two periods of crisis with the Inquisition. Castelli was born in in Brescia, Italy and eventually moved to Padua to study under Galileo.
While he was still at Pisa he took an interest in the study of water in motion, and as early as he sent two treatises on the motion of rivers to Florence for Galileo's suggestions.
Anatomia Animata: Mechanization
Castelli is also an important figure in the history of science because of his work on illumination he independently formulated the photometric law , vision, after—images, and diaphragms in telescopes. He was also a pioneer in the study of the differential absorption of heat by different colors. Giovanni Alfonso Borelli. De Motu Animalium One of the most influential treatises of seventeenth—century anatomy, this two—volume text was written during the year prior to Borelli's death and was published posthumously.
It is one of the most important works to establish the mathematical and mechanical study of muscles as a science. The first volume is concerned with the external motions produced by the muscles, and the second deals with the internal motions of the muscles themselves as well as such topics as circulation and respiration.
Little is known about Giovanni Borelli save that he was born in Naples, Italy, and that he was a precocious student of mathematics. It is unknown if he ever studied medicine formally, but we do know that he studied mathematics with Benedetto Castelli — in Rome. Other choices can be made after each process is closed, but they are more difficult to implement because other sources of funding and other ways of authorisation must be found.
AMU has produced many alumni that have distinguished themselves in their respective fields. AMU has a large number of alumni who have been active in politics, including multiple heads of state or government, parliamentary speakers, government ministers, at least sixty members of the National Assembly of France , fourteen members of the Senate of France and five members of the European Parliament.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Doctoral students. Aix-en-Provence and Marseille.
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Main article: List of alumni of Aix-Marseille University. Archived from the original PDF on 3 December Retrieved 4 April Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 13 March Retrieved 21 June Hoover Institution. Archived from the original on 3 July Archived from the original on 17 July Retrieved 2 December Archived from the original on 3 April III, p. Archived from the original on 11 April Archived from the original on 11 May Archived from the original PDF on 27 June Archived from the original on 29 August Archived from the original on 5 March Office of Global Programs.
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Archived from the original on 14 July Fox, Judith P. Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 10 October Archived from the original PDF on 1 November Hazard, Jr. Will the systemic limits that constrain mobility redensify urban societies or will they lead to new solutions? Economic and societal technological innovations that allow us to move around are potentially numerous: more expensive energy but engines that consume less; more limited long-distance trips but more numerous local movements; more efficient mass transportation solutions, but even more multimodal and varied individual trips.
In the end, should we redensify or reorganize density? The question of the relationship to natural and cultivated areas is also complex. Will global food demand warrant developing industrial agricultural areas, or will the demands of inhabitants for local produce lead them to live as close as possible to the farm? The suburbanization currently taking place in France and Europe has diverse possibilities. How can an urban form of settlement, thought of as the least environmentally viable and the most socially segregated, be worthy of a project?
Precisely by ceasing to think about it like it is irrelevant in the urban field, disqualified by its own existence, unworthy of public policy except for the one that would stop it. What is often so hopeless about the suburbs is not their mere existence: there are also city neighborhoods or parts of the countryside, which also blatantly lack qualities.
What is hopeless is the absence of a project for these territories, a sort of tacit forsaking taking place in the metropolitan area, in spite of the reality. It would allow to make a project out of a problem, precisely because of the constraints that affect the whole urban system today.
It would open up new questions, three of which would frame the project.
Le concert et son public
The question of the hybridization of amenities or goods, which this in-between situation produces. The intentionally designed mingling of land uses, of functions, and more generally of frames of reference used by diverse actors would make these territories original. Wanting to live close to nature but also be near services, enjoying a good environment but also having access to jobs, obviously creates contradictions. These contradictions are at the heart of all urban projects, here and elsewhere, but they benefit from the energy coming from the encounter between rural and urban.
The question of open public space, which is one of these new hybrids that helps overcome old conflicts of representation. The means to avoid the hopelessness of roundabouts and other road designs always promoted in the name of car safety.