Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis
One of these was the creation of Centers for Psychosocial Care CAPS , which subvert the logic of hierarchy of the health system and are organized joining all different levels of health care. This study aimed to discuss the interactions established between the levels of complexity of the health system in mental health and understand the conformation of the mental health system in the city of Sobral, state of Ceara, Brazil.
This is a qualitative study, conducted at the Comprehensive Care Network Mental Health in that municipality. The results showed that the mental health services in Sobral live with different networking arrangements, operating by several care devices that enable the negotiation of therapeutic projects less medicalized, although there is evidence of special attention to the centrality of workers as medication administration.
There is great labor mobility in the network, circling the various health facilities, which favors the connections and flows between teams in the construction of lines of care. Connection flows, considered as a mode of operation of rhizomatic networks, operate on mental health under the workers' action, based on the idea that all are protagonists in the care process, and so the movements are shared and articulated between them.
Key words: mental health care; community mental health services; integral health care; health care levels. Publons Academic Advisor: Scientists ready to revitalise science through peer review. Publons relies on experience with peer review to help deliver the best possible peer review platform to researchers around the world. Lemos de S. M; Rodrigues, C. Lemos de Sousa C.
Rodrigues M. Dinis, Maria A. Porto: Universidade Fernando Pessoa. In this context, it is mandatory to calculate with accuracy the storage capacity of this type of reservoirs. In this way, it is also obviously crucial to study the gas diffusion process in coals which is the main goal of the present thesis. Based in Langmuir Isotherms simulating the reservoir conditions, the author reached the following achievements: 1. To optimize the calculation of parameter b of the diffusion equation, which enables one to determine with great accuracy the diffusion coefficients in the different pressure intervals.
For that purpose, the author calculated the first and second derivatives of data referred to of gas content data and determined the inflection points of the gas volume vs time curve. To model isotherms raw experimental data pure CH4, mixture of gases, and pure CO2 through Weibull modified model and linear regression approaches. Results enable one to state that CH4 experimental adsorption data shows a best fit adjustment with the model that the ones obtained with gas mixtures and CO2.
An inverse phenomenon was verified during Oliveira, G. M; Silva, P. F; Diogo, M. P; Ribeiro, N.
Porto: Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal. Nunes, L. In Advances in Sociology Research, ed. Jared A. Jaworski, - ISBN: New York: Nova Science Publishers. Therefore, and in social terms, everything that people learn and develop in these higher education institutions has a crucial and a determinant impact.
Young people acquiring skills and knowledge related to the technical and scientific fields in which they work in also end up acquiring competencies and knowledge in non-academic fields, such as anti-social behaviour or even criminal conducts. This is the case of drug use in a university context, which has been so studied in recent decades, and of drug trafficking in a university environment, widely known to all, but still little investigated in scientific terms.
It is a serious social problem in which young students not only consume illegal drugs, but also frequently take an active part in illicit activities associated with drug trafficking, often compromising their future and causing undeniable social damage.
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It should be noted that the university context is a privileged target for the powerful individuals who manipulate these illegal drugs markets. It is therefore very important to pay attention and study this social problem of serious consequences. In this chapter, a comprehensive literature review and results of a study about drug trafficking and abuse in university context will be presented, in order to better understand the nature of this problem.
Dinis, M. Maia, L. Nunes, S. Caridade, A. Sani, R. Estrada, C. Nogueira, H. Fernandes e L. Afonso, - Cavalo de Troia. Afonso, 77 - Lemos de Sousa, M. Telles Antunes, Ana Salgado, 21 - Tenho hoje o prazer de apresentar o primeiro volume deste Thesaurus. Fernando Caldeira, 63 - Abstract: We know that increasing prices of oil, gas and electricity are clearly a great challenge for local industries. On the other hand, in response to climate changes, international legislation has been emphasizing the use of renewable energy resources in Europe.
Incentive-based policies, including carbon and fuel taxes will increase the cost of non-renewable fuels, decreasing fossil fuels consumption. Wood resources may then strongly contribute to that goal. In order to achieve it, it is necessary to concentrate the existing expertise and to guarantee the commitment of stakeholders. Energy production requires raw materials to be readily available. Usually, experienced managers are involved in the procurement of fuels. At the same time, the use of local wood energy resources can help to achieve rural communities development, reducing transport costs and allowing affordable energy to be used and new local tailored markets to be created.
In this paper several aspects involving the forest industry are discussed; procurement issues, sustainable development and environmental impacts, are all part of the same aim. Fernando Caldeira, 77 - ABSTRACT: One of the biggest challenges that the furniture industries have to overcome is the management of wood waste that results from their production processes. The production process of the furniture industry generates significant amounts of wood waste that is almost always sent to a municipal landfill for disposal. Moreover, this process causes costs to the industries that result from fees which are charged for transport and for the disposal of the residues on landfills.
Thus, to decrease the costs and to reduce the proportion of wood waste destined to a landfill, the management of the furniture industry must considerer wood waste as a resource, rather than a problem.
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For that purpose there are many processes of recycling and reutilization of wood waste, including composting. Composting is an aerobic biological decomposition process that converts biodegradable solid organic matter, as wood, into a stable humus material. The material that results from the process of composting can be, for example, used as a fertilizer that, among other benefits, can improve the characteristics of soil porosity, ability to retain water, etc.
In this article we study the role that the composting of wood waste materials generated from the furniture industry could have in the Portuguese context and we analyze if the process of wood waste composting could be an efficient way of treatment of the residues. Ferreira, C; Moreira, M. Fernando Caldeira, 83 - The wood-plastic composites are viewed as environmentally friendly alternatives to pressure-treated wood because of their superior weather and decay resistance and virtually unlimited life.
The manufacturers of experimental composites have been using recycled high density polyethylene HPDE , polypropylene and old newspaper fiber. These composite panels are made through air-forming and hot pressure, and exhibit excellent dimensional stability as compared to that made from virgin HDPE. We will demonstrate the importance of wood in the plastic industries as a low cost filling and we will detail the mechanic properties and the thermal stability of the thermoplastic matrix, which confers a bigger rigidity when compared to thermoplastic solids.
There is a wide variety of thermoplastics, including polystyrene, low and high-density polyethylene, polypropylene and polyvinyl chloride, available for the production of composites, although just a few can be used for WPCs. C; Arrais, C. Cotelo Neiva, A. Ribeiro, L. Mendes Victor, F.
A review of the Carboniferous formations and the geological settings of the Douro Coalfield NW, Portugal are presented, followed by a summary of the advances introduced by recent stratigraphic studies. After the closure of the collieries in the Douro Coalfield in the S. These studies were also summarized in the present work. Finally, the authors present the main features of the COSEQ Pilot-Project, developed to assess the viability of the Douro meta-anthracites for CO2 geological sequestration, and in so doing enhancing the value of this Coalfield in a modern day context, given that the Douro coals are currently a geological resource abandoned in terms of traditional mining.
Fabian E. Dumont and Jack A. Sacco, - The logistic equation of population growth adequately describes the cellular growth. Experiments carried out with the same algae at approximately 21oC, also in the absence of Cr VI , gave m values of 0. Higher pH results in a significantly lower growth rate and C. Looking simultaneously at m and K values, the best performance in terms of growth kinetics was obtained for S.
The growth of C. The production of metabolites is small compared with biomass production, for all Cr VI concentrations. The biomass of M; Sani, A. P; Dinis, M. The results point to a general perception of security, despite reported robbery or panhandle. The study concludes by the importance of the strategic formulation of security plans based on community participation. Rodrigues, Cristina F. A; Machado da S. J; Dinis, M. P; Lemos de S.
Abstract: Compressibility factor CF is a key parameter in gas industry, regarding gas flow and storage in a gas reservoir. This study highlights the necessity to accurately estimate CF, affecting reservoir sorption capacity determination. Sorption isotherms showed no significant hysteresis regarding N2, due to gas inert behaviour. CH4 has a higher CF slope and the hysteresis behaviour is stronger than in N2. CO2 has no linear CF behaviour and besides relevant hysteresis, a distinct general trend between both curve shapes was identified, and the CO2 desorption curve intercepted the CO2 adsorption curve at 30x Pa.
This is due to CO2 retention on coal porous structure, thanks to the great affinity between CO2 and the organic microporous structure, to pressures up to 6. The gas mixture showed a significant hysteresis due to its composition. Caridade, S. M; Dinis, M. Por sua vez, ABSTRACT: Intimate violence and substance use are two of the most common problems faced by college students, reflecting an important public health issue. The present study aims to analyse and understand the relationship between dating violence and substance use in college students.
A total of college students In all the participants involved in relationships, Although the analysis of association between the experience of dating violence and substance use did not turn out to be statistically significant, levels of violence prevalence and somewhat alarming consumption were found, especially regarding the higher rate of substance use assumed by women. These data emphasize the need to continue to focus on the prevention of intimate abuse and substance use among college students, which are known to be harmful at different levels. P; Sequeiros, Jorge.
Abstract: This longitudinal study aimed at determining predicting variables for middle and long-term psychological disturbance due pre-symptomatic testing PST for two late-onset neurological diseases, Huntington disease HD and TTR transthyretin protein familial amyloid polyneuropathy FAP Val30Met now classified as Val50Met. For this purpose, regression analysis was performed, showing that the Positive Symptom Distress Index PSDI , psychoticism, somatization and paranoid ideation dimensions assume predictive value in the middle and long-term impact for total anxiety and PSDI.
The result of PST was not a relevant predictor. The application of an evaluation instrument of various psychopathological dimensions played a fundamental role in the detection of clinical situations that may arise several years later after PST. Attention should be paid to providing psychological support to persons at-risk who, at the pre-test phase, present some psychopathology indices before pursuing with genetic testing. Oliveira, Evailton A.
A; Campos, Arlene M. S; Oliveira, Maria P. L; Guerreiro, M. Abstract: This research studies the carbonation phenomenon of cement due to the reaction of its components with water. In this chemical reaction occurs the formation of calcium carbonate and the absorption of CO2 in the atmosphere, which contributes to the reduction of the Greenhouse Effect. However, carbonation also causes pathologies such as efflorescence, staining and corrosion of steel in concrete. This research shows the results of experiments with specimens of concrete permeable, made with cement and big aggregates calcareous stone in the ratio of 1: 4.
The specimens were kept in contact with water containing different amounts of CO2 - distilled, ionized alkaline, carbonated, and tap water. After the experiments were carried out, an increase in pH, a mean compressive strength of The results show that the permeable concrete did not present any pathologies resulting from the carbonation during the period of the research, which recommended the same for use in road pavements.
Viterbo, Lilian M. F; Dinis, M. C; Navarro, Marcus V. T; Leite, Handerson J. The sample comprised a clinical group of subjects at genetic risk for FAP, HD and MJD, and a comparison group of 31 subjects at genetic risk for HH, that answered three open-ended questions relating illness representations, knowledge about the disease, and motivation to perform PST. These subjects at-risk correspond to the profile of somatic individual or personhood, wherein the unsubjectivation of the disease can function as a coping mechanism.
Abstract: The role of the clinical psychologist in the context of genetic counseling includes support for the process of decision-making for subjects at-risk, regardless of the decision that was made. For this, it is important to know the motivations behind these decisions. What may be considered advantageous and justifiable reasons to perform the PST for genetic diseases from the medical and public point of view, i.
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FAP is a progressive sensorimotor and autonomic neuropathy of adulthood. HD is characterized by a triad of clinical symptoms of chorea motor, cognitive and psychiatric symptoms , emotional distress and cognitive decline. MJD is characterized by slowly progressive clumsiness in the arms and legs, a staggering lurching gait, sometimes mistaken for drunkenness, difficulty with speech and swallowing, involuntary eye movements, and may be accompanied by double vision or bulging eyes, and lower limb spasticity.
HH is a disease in which too much iron accumulates in parenchymal organs, leading to iron overload and subsequent organ toxicity and failure. The study participants consisted in subjects at genetic risk for FAP, HD and MJD and 31 subjects at genetic risk for HH, that were assessed through an interview to obtain sociodemographic data and the answer to one question about motivation to perform PST T; Dinis, M.
C; Gomes, Ana I. It is important to understand its psychological impact so that the PST protocols are best suited to the subjects at-risk. Preventing a negative psychological impact is the ultimate purpose of the genetic counselling process. Although most of the sample does not present clinically significant psychopathology values, 6 subjects present a Positive Symptoms Distress Index value which is equal to or greater than 1. Symptomatic carriers, who underwent the PST less time ago, present worse psychopathological symptoms, depression and anxiety.
Subjects with this profile should have a more intense and personalized psychological and social support, aiming to prevent the risk of suicide and to improve the quality of their lives. It seems that information on previous knowledge before performing the genetic counselling increases the subjective risk. References to the disease, references to the family, and metaphors were mentioned more often by subjects at risk for LOND than by subjects at risk for HH control group.
Conclusion: The disease itself and its meaning as well as sick relatives play a key role in the objective knowledge about LOND. Thus, genetic counseling protocols of subjects at risk for LOND should include questions concerning family knowledge and disease experience. It was considered the cutoffs points: 4 years middle-term and 7 and 10 years long-term indicating the time after receiving the TPS results. Results: women and widows oldest presented the highest mean values for almost all BSI dimensions and the highest values correspond to the obsessivecompulsive dimension.
MJD participants presented the highest mean values. No differences were found concerning the PST test results while participants are still asymptomatic. Psychopathology was only present in symptomatic carriers. HEIs under this paradigm are driven by conceptual frameworks of health promotion HP , and by interdisciplinary values such as inclusion, equity, social justice and sustainability.
Bioethics, together with HPU and HP, presents itself as a reflexive, mutually shared and interdisciplinary tool that aims at the adequacy of actions that comprise life and citizenship, in its equitable and inclusive character, in the context of Higher Education. Rodrigues, C. In the present work, the authors studied two meta-anthracite samples from Douro Coalfield NW of Portugal in which classical sorption isotherms were carried out, using CO2 only. Samples were submitted to different pressure steps during both adsorption and desorption processes.
Since the gas release process it intensely related to diffusion coefficients, it is crucial to define their evolution on the two analyses reported in this paper. So, during adsorption, diffusion coefficients decrease in sample A from 4. In sample B, diffusion coefficients decrease from 2. This topic addresses specific and significant knowledge to the Portuguese consultant population. Methods: This cross-sectional study included participants: Of the participants, 73 Results: The anxiety scores were higher for the symptomatic carriers and for those who underwent psychological support consultations over the years; for the formers, the mean scores were superior to 40 points, which reflects clinical anxiety.
All subjects at-risk were undergoing the process of genetic counseling to learn their genetic status carrier or non-carrier. Subjects were assessed through a semistructured single interview, in order to obtain sociodemographic data and the answer to an open-ended question relating to the illness representation issue: "What does this illness mean to you? Family is their mirror and their source of learning and, therefore, it is inevitable that family is related to the meaning of the disease itself. It included subjects: Of these , 73 were still asymptomatic carriers, 29 Subjects were mainly women Scores were higher for symptomatic carriers and for those who have made one or more psychological support consultations over the years.
For the formers, the mean scores pointed to mild depression. Asymptomatic carriers and non-carriers had similar scores but it was impossible to differentiate the psychological impact between the medium and long-term. For symptomatic carriers, there were significant differences between the middle- and long-term. The study indicates that depression occurs only when subjects had previously manifested the first symptoms of their neurologic disease. The accurate determination of gas diffusion coefficients in unconventional reservoirs such as coal seams, requires a consistent mathematical approach.
The study of the gas diffusion process in coal seams was carried out using sorption isotherms. The Langmuir model for individual gases and the extended Langmuir model for multicomponent gas mixtures were applied to fit sorption isotherm data. The main goal of this paper is to define the degree of interaction between the gas content derivative data and the gas diffusion process. Experiments were performed on three samples selected from two different coals, which were submitted to three different gas compositions, viz These behaviors are clearly identified when using methane, but are even more evident when using CO2 and the gas mixture, due to the CO2 interaction with ABSTRACT: This investigation aims to develop an accurate method to calculate the tangent slope b - a fundamental parameter to calculate gas diffusion coefficients under different pressures - using inflection point determinations.
The authors also studied the different tangent slope behaviours depending on the experimental gas sorption used. The single Langmuir model, for individual gases, and the extended Langmuir model, for multicomponent gas mixtures, were applied to fit experimental gas sorption isotherm data. Samples were submitted to three different gas compositions, viz. Results showed that the first and the second derivatives calculated to define the first inflection points represent exactly the final limit of tangent slopes. The world changes and it is important to analyse the relevance of the environment to health at the light of different factors.
Increasing evidence exists that human health is influenced by our way of living and dealing with the environment. From the way we interact with each other through social contacts until the way we treat environment, with its consequences, all accounts to our well-being and mental and physical health. Social relationships are directly connected to a healthy environment and are a beneficial part of this equation, allowing persons to be healthier and to live longer. It is essential to pay attention to the way emerging economies conduct their development, because it carries important responsibilities for the future of the next generation with adverse impacts caused by pollution and representing a threat to human health and well-being.
The associations between environment as a whole and human health are very complex. However, some clues may enlighten us regarding some connections between both study areas. P; Rodrigues, C. ABSTRACT: Relying on an adequate mathematical approach, two different mathematical procedures can be applied to the huge database produced during gas sorption isotherm experiments in order to obtain accurate data to be used in the industrial practice.
To treat data determined from gas sorption isotherms without a careful mathematical support will produce non accurate results, because all the determinations will be dependent on human decision. The minimum error reported since the first stage of a sorption isotherm determination, which corresponds to volume calibrations of reference and sample cells performed through the use of helium, will produce enormous inaccuracies on sorption isotherm behavior.
These inaccurate behaviors may sometimes invalidate any Coalbed Methane recovery and CO2 injection programs. The study consisted on investigating gas sorption isotherm accuracies determined during the first part of the sorption process, which is mainly conducted by monitoring the pressure decline with time, in the reference and the sample cells when both cells are not in contact , until the stabilization stage is achieved. Three samples from two different coals were selected in order to study their gas sorption behavior, in terms of a clear mathematical approach, when submitted to three different gas compositions, viz.
Sorption experiments allow to conclude that the three samples present the same mathematical response during the first part of the sorption process. However, all gas sorption data adsorption and desorption collected from reference cell have a ABSTRACT: European Energy Policy has made an effort in the last years in developing a coherent strategy towards the definition of a set of goals, involving the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and, at the same time, increasing renewable energy use.
This paper presents the different options of Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage CCUS technologies regarding the legislative initiatives implemented in the new European Energy policy. This new European Energy strategy was established taking into consideration not only energy demand but also social and environmental requirements. Taking that into account, the different strategies adopted by the European Energy Council are discussed and an overview of Carbon Capture and Storage CCS technologies - a mitigation strategy able to reduce greenhouse gas emissions - and the CO2 potential utilization were also addressed.
M; De la O. Using thermo-volumetric technique could be observed storage capacities of methane gas between Also, the influence of the maceral composition in the process of sorption is recognized, and the capacity of gas storage is closely related to the vitrinite content. According to Chalmers y Bustin , and Zhang et al. This is attributed to high adsorption capacity of vitrinite, compared with other macerals types. The new available and presented techniques to answer these questions have a strong computer based tool Geographic Information System GIS , able to build a complete georeferentiated database, which will allow to three-dimensionally locate the laboratory samples in the coalfield.
It will also allow to better understand the coal cleat system and consequently to recognise the best pathways to gas flow through the coal seam. Such knowledge is considered crucial for understanding what is likely to be the most efficient opening of cleat network, then allowing the injection with the right spatial orientation, of pressurized fluids or propants in order to directly drain the maximum amount of gas flow to a CBM exploitation well.
The method is also applicable to the CO2 Geological Sequestration Technologies, operations corresponding to the injection of CO2 sequestered from industrial plants in coal seams of abandoned coalmines or high depth coal seams. ABSTRACT: The energy dependency is one of the major problems the international community faces nowadays and governments are being encouraged to develop strategies in different fields in order to reduce their external dependency. Additionally, the European Commission sustainable energy plan is engaged into reducing greenhouse gases effect to promote sustainable environment.
Petrographic parameters are also studied, since they will induce different porous structures and internal surface areas, which will produce different gas storage and circulation behaviours.
Caldeira, F. ABSTRACT: Wastewater must be treated, and is part of the development process of a given country to extend sewer networks and to build wastewater treatment plants. Wastewater treatment inevitably generates sewage sludge, and a trend for extending wastewater treatment infrastructures implies increasing quantities of sewage sludge produced.
The fate of such a residue is a key environmental issue. The existing European environmental legislation is becoming more and more restrictive, namely in what concerns the obligation to reduce environmental impacts resulting from the disposal of this particular waste, where land spreading is still the most common technique to do so. There are some interesting alternative processes relating to sewage sludge treatment, aiming at avoiding its disposal on land or in landfill and to allow it to be more environmentally friendly.
This paper reviews recent research to make sewage sludge disposal safer, more environmentally friendly and to still obtain some benefit from it, namely energy, from its organic content. Topics covered include incineration, anaerobic digestion, pyrolysis and gasification with a view to contributing to an integrated response to the problem of sewage sludge treatment and disposal. The microalgae growth was assessed as a function of different parameters, particularly, temperature, pH and Cr VI addition.
Glasgow: Glasgow Caledonian University; [cited Mar 11]. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. Prevalence and associated factors with alcohol use disorders among adults: a population-based study in southern Brazil. Rev Bras Epidemiol. Consumo de alcohol en personal administrativo y de servicios de una universidad del Ecuador. Rev Latinoam Enferm. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.