The memo needs to be long enough to show that you understood the critiques and have a response, while still being concise and clear. If you disagree with a reviewer and choose not to address an issue, you need to explain why in the revision memo. Many reviewers want to feel heard, and taking the time to consider their suggestions and respond to them thoughtfully is more likely to lead to a positive outcome than ignoring those suggestions.
If you disagree with an editor, it is best to discuss it with that person directly to ensure that the manuscript will still be considered when you resubmit it. There is little reason to waste time on an outlet that has a completely different vision of the manuscript than you do. If you have many major disagreements with reviewers and the editor, it may make most sense to withdraw the manuscript and send it elsewhere though this time loss can feel debilitating, especially to the untenured. Before resubmitting, try to find a trusted colleague who will read the reviews, revision memo and final manuscript over.
That serves as a check to ensure that you did not skip over or miss any important points. You should also pay attention to whether the editor plans to send the revision to new reviewers, the previous round of reviewers or a mix. New reviewers almost always mean new critiques, and it can be difficult to hit a moving target. If successful, a revise and resubmit may result in another type of revision: the conditional acceptance. This suggests that the work is almost entirely done but needs a few minor revisions to polish it. In most cases, a conditional acceptance will be decided by the editor and not sent back out to reviewers, so the editor is assuming that the revisions are not major.
You should begin by making a list of the conditions you need to meet for acceptance and write a carefully documented revision memo, responding clearly and completely to those conditions.
The Making of an Art
If the conditions are not extensive, such memos may be fairly short. Some authors get a conditional acceptance and sit on it, cowed by needing to address the final critiques. But editors may give conditional acceptances with a particular time horizon in mind a good fit for a particular issue of a journal or so the publication will be released at the same time as a related book in the series , and it is a mistake to wait.
Ideally, you should address a conditional acceptance as soon as possible. You should also avoid making any major changes or overhauls without checking with the editor. While a rejection may lead some authors to want to stash the manuscript in a drawer and never look at it again, it is best to revise and try again.
Some authors just send the manuscript back out without considering the critiques, which may annoy reviewers tapped by another outlet -- who then see that the author ignored the time and effort they spent on the manuscript. The silver lining is that there is no revision memo to write. Or choose another outlet and try again without revising.
Sometimes, rejection simply reflects a mismatch between the outlet and manuscript. Working to ensure that the manuscript fits the outlet is paramount. In deciding where to submit, carefully review the mission statement for the journal, read recent issues of it and frame your paper so that it engages in conversations that journal has featured.
Familiarize yourself with the editorial board and the authors who have recently published there, and remember that the authors you cite are often the people who will be asked to review your paper. Much like democracy, peer review is an imperfect process: slow, inconsistent and occasionally biased. Yet if you take seriously how peer review can improve your manuscript -- while holding onto the integrity of your work -- the system Joya Misra is professor of sociology and public policy at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
Jennifer Lundquist is associate dean of research and faculty development and a professor of sociology at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Goodbye It is amazing how many things we take for granted. We make plans for the day, and don't think twice about how those plans can be taken away in the blink of an eye. I never thought much about it myself, until I was faced with the shock, and undeniable truth of my cousin's death.
I don't think anyone really thinks about tragedy until they are actually faced with shocking news. It was a bright and warm summer morning when I woke from a good night sleep. Around the age of 10, we started getting very involved with school sports. Nothing prepared me for the dark, gloomy and sad day ahead of me. She lived in Byrdstown and found her gift which was cheering, of course mine was Basketball. You see, this was the day that my cousin and childhood best friend passed away in an auto accident.
As time went on, we only got to see each other at basketball games and special occasions. But, we always knew that we would be best friends forever. The thing you should know about her is: She loved God, family and friends. On June 18th , I lost my cousin to a freak auto accident. The only thing I know was that childhood best friend was gone. I could never run up and hug her at the basketball game. I could never get to see or talk to her at the reunions or any other family get togethers.
One I remember most is when we always met and went to Obey River in Pickett county. We went all through the summer, we always knew what out plans were going to turn out to be. We would start by always playing in the water while our parents would get the cookout stuff together. She is gone but she would want everyone to life to the fullest. Stamps Theological Library to access its resources and services. The service covers a wide range of subjects, including multiple areas of math, science, English, and business.
Contact your success coach to learn more about this service and with setting up your account. The Writing Center offers in-person and online appointments along with workshop sessions on a wide range of topics. Visit apu. Point of view is defined as the angle at which the viewer sees objects or scenes. Although some writing books claim there are 26 points of view that can be used, there are just three basic approaches: first person, third person, and omniscient.
All other points of view stem from these three and are no more than combinations of them. That said, the basic three are all you need to know when you write. He didn't say any more, but we've always been unusually communicative in a reserved way and I understood that he meant a great deal more than that. In consequence I'm inclined to reserve all judgments, a habit that has opened up many curious natures to me and also made me the victim of not a few veteran bores.
The abnormal mind is quick to detect and attach itself to this quality when it appears in a normal person, and so it came about that in college I was unjustly accused of being a politician, because I was privy to the secret griefs of wild, unknown men.
Most of the confidences were unsought -- frequently I have feigned sleep, preoccupation or a hostile levity when I realized by some unmistakable sign that an intimate revelation was quivering on the horizon -- for the intimate revelations of young men, or at least the terms in which they express them, are usually plagiaristic and marred by obvious suppressions. I am still a little afraid of missing something if I forget that, as my father snobbishly suggested and I snobbishly repeat, a sense of the fundamental decencies is parceled out unequally at birth.
As in the example, first person point of view allows you to let your readers into your character's mind. You can make the readers feel what your character is feeling, see what they are seeing, and be influenced by your character's thoughts and opinions. It seems easy to write in the first person point of view, because you can easily portray your main character that way.
However, first person point of view might be one of the hardest to write from, because you are very limited in what you can write. Since you're only writing from the perspective of one character, you can't give insight into other characters' thoughts or feelings. In essence, what you gain in personal insight is lost in perspective.
In addition, your character must be strong and interesting enough to hold the readers' interest, but not so eccentric and bizarre that they're unbelievable or unlikable. Another problem with first person is that you limit your ability to let your readers get to know other characters intimately. You can create different scenes with different characters' first person point of view, but that can become difficult for a newer writer, and confusing to your readers. It's highly recommended, if you're going to use the first person point of view of many characters, that you first study the work of some experienced, respected novelists, The most common mistake editors and publishers find with stories written in first person is the inability to keep it in first person.
While flopping back and forth between points of view is fine, editors and publishers know when the switch is intentional and when it is the mark of an amateur. It is easy, in the process of writing, to accidentally jump out of first person, but you must know the rules and characteristics for first person so you can go back and correct your errors when you edit.
Make sure if you write in first person, that your character is not only interesting enough to carry it through, but also that you can adequately convey all thoughts, feelings, perspectives, and scenes enough to tell the complete story. If you need to show other points of view to tell the story effectively, then you might want to avoid using first person and, instead, choose one of the other two. The omniscient point of view can be considered the direct opposite of first person.
While first person is written from a character's perspective and allows the reader inside their head, omniscient isn't written from inside anyone's head or thoughts. In the omniscient point of view, the narrator can report whatever he knows, sees, or chooses to show. However, because the narrator only sees the scenes as they unfold in front of his eyes, the intimacy that exists with first person cannot be portrayed with omniscient. You cannot, while writing in the omniscient point of view, show any thoughts or otherwise unseen events in your scenes. The perspective is greater, but the insight is much less.
The house was big, old, and Levin, though he lived alone, heated and occupied all of it. He knew that it was even wrong and contrary to his new plans, but this house was a whole world for Levin. It was the world in which his father and mother had lived and died. They had lived a life which for Levin seemed the ideal of all perfection and which he dreamed of renewing with his wife, with his family. As you can see, every aspect of the scene that the narrator reports is just an observance.
The omniscient point of view can be tricky for writers because it's so tempting and easy to dip into a character's head. In fact, if you answered yes to any of those questions, but don't feel comfortable writing in the first person point of view either, then maybe the third person point of view is right for the story you're telling.
As you can see, although the third person point of view isn't as intimate, and cannot portray as much insight, as the first person, it does give more than the omniscient. Using the third person point of view, you can move from character to character more easily than the first person.
And, unlike the omniscient, you can give more insight and more intimacy to your readers. Today, most scenes in most books are written from the third person point of view of one character. The character who is giving their point of view may change from one scene to the next, but it's still an "outside looking in" glimpse of what's going on, just as if a camera is filming as the scenes unfold.
Although you can "look" deeper than the surface of the scene with third person, as opposed to omniscient, you still can't go as deep as you can with first person. Still, however, it is the most commonly used point of view because it allows you to give different insights and different perspectives, without losing all intimacy or being restricted to one perspective. The problem most writers have with third person is that they don't limit the point of view to one character per scene. You must decide which character's point of view you are going to show, then only reveal what that character would hear and see.
All your descriptions, conversations, and interior monologue will be of this one character. If that character can't see the stolen book, then don't mention the book is there, if it is. Nestled within a natural amphitheatre shaped by the vertical cliffs of Devil's Peak and Lion's Head sits Cape Town in all of its coastal glory.
Known as the Mother City because it was the first to emerge in South Africa, the city owes its multicultural personality to a diverse range of people and events, from the indigenous Khoi and San peoples to local African tribes, from the European explorers to slaves from Malaysia, Indonesia, Madagascar and Mozambique, and from apartheid to democratic freedoms.
A meeting point of many cultures, the result is a cosmopolitan city with a contemporary and eclectic vibe. Known history begins with rock art that dates back 27, years, traced to the Khoisan people who lived in sight of Table Mountain—itself one of the oldest mountains on earth at eight million years old. For much of the 18th and 19th centuries, the Netherlands and Britain fought for control of South Africa, with Britain ultimately prevailing to form the multicultural Union of South Africa later the Republic of South Africa in , with Cape Town as its capital. Running on a platform of apartheid, the National Party came into power in the mids prompting several decades of political and humanitarian strife.
Cape Town was home to many leaders of the anti-apartheid movement, and in one of the most famous moments marking the end of apartheid, Nelson Mandela made his first public speech from the balcony of Cape Town City Hall just hours after being released from prison. The celebrated cuisine of local chef Reuben Riffel marries Cape Malay traditions and flavours with Dutch and British fare, whilst global-fusion master Nobuyuki 'Nobu' Matsuhisa's first African restaurant dazzles with his signature Japanese-Peruvian cuisine. The dedicated, fully-supervised Kids Only programme welcomes children ages 4 to 11 with an enriching collection of activities that showcases the exuberant personality of Cape Town.
A separate programme is available for teens as well. The temperature-controlled, infinity-edge pool is the finest in Cape Town, framed with private cabanas and majestic palms. And just moments from the resort are some of the world's most spectacular beaches, from Clifton Beach to the Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve.
All persons are required to present a valid passport in order to enter South Africa. Passports must be valid for no less than 30 days after the end of your visit. An entry visa may be required by certain nationalities or in certain circumstances. For more up-to-date information on visa requirements, please click here. More All persons are required to present a valid passport in order to enter South Africa.
For assistance on visa processing, please visit or call the South Africa Consulate General in your country of residence. We will not accept any responsibility should a visa be refused or delayed. Travellers who do require a visa must have two 2 blank "visa" pages in their passport, one for the visa and one for the entry stamp.
Please note, some foreign passports have blank pages at the back without the "visa" header printed. Please be advised that these pages are not acceptable for travel to South Africa. This is irrespective of whether a visa was required for your travel to South Africa. If only one parent is travelling with a child under 18 years of age, additional documentation will be required. Please contact your travel agent or refer to for additional information regarding the requirements to avoid any complications.
Creative Writing (Joint Honours) BA (Hons)
South African regulations require that travellers apply in person for visas to allow for biometric intake. Previously, proof of YF vaccination was not required. Also, In-transit passengers, irrespective of the time period in-transit, will still require proof of YF vaccination. Please take note that a Yellow Fever Vaccination needs to be done a minimum of 10 days prior to travelling.
Art | Quotes and descriptions to inspire creative writing
Travellers will not be allowed to get the vaccination on arrival in South Africa due to the 10 day period. A good business plan defines your business, identifies its goals, and serves as a tool for introducing the company to investors, partners, employees, and others. It is best thought of as a business roadmap -- where you want to take the business and what resources are needed to make that happen. It highlights obstacles to avoid, allows for efficient use of resources, organizes a company's financial information in order to anticipate the expenses and profits of the business, and helps you focus your marketing efforts.
Learning how to write a business plan will pay dividends down the road, and may help you secure funding. Think Strategically Business plans give employees and investors as well as reminding owners a broad understanding of the business, along with specific numbers to analyze. No matter the industry, a business plan should always track three concepts, which often overlap: communication, management, and planning. Below, we will cover these three elements as well as approaches on how to write a business plan.
The business plan communicates the viability of your business to potential investors, attracts partners, and helps convince key employees to sign on.
It acts as a tool to manage, monitor, and evaluate your progress, as well as allowing you to modify plans as your project progresses. Finally, the business plan is a planning tool which acts as a roadmap through different phases of your business, taking into account potential hurdles and how best to overcome them. While the emphasis of your business plan will vary according to your goals, when you write a strong business plan you provide your business with a key element for success.
Business plans are equally important to small or big businesses. These plans force owners to think strategically and analyze with clarity the current business climate rather than simply leaping into a situation before looking. A good business plan doesn't guarantee success, but a company without a solid business plan is far less likely to succeed than a business built around a carefully considered plan. Generally speaking, business plans define the business by identifying goals and setting out how you aim to achieve them. One of the first things you should consider in writing a business plan is the audience you plan to reach.
Writing the plan to attract investors will require substantially more persuasion than writing a business plan to keep yourself on track. Looking for Capital Investment If the primary objective of writing the business plan is to attract investment capital, then the plan should reveal your vision of the company alongside a healthy dose of salesmanship to convince investors that your plan is feasible and will be profitable. You have to show investors that you are an expert in your field, or that you at least have a solid grasp of the industry this is where heavy numbers and analysis come into play and how your company can excel in that business climate.
Think of your business plan as the resume of your company that will be examined by an employer. You want to accentuate the positive, while remaining honest about your ability and experience. Business plans should include: The plan you present to investors should track the three objectives of a business plan mentioned above communication, management, and planning , and highlight the strengths of your business model and the niche in which the business will operate.
Particularly true of business plans aimed at attracting capital investment, your business plan should be polished and professional. It's difficult to project an aura of confidence if there are grammatical or mathematical errors, or if the plan is otherwise poorly presented.
Numbers should be double-checked by someone with professional experience and the actual writing ought to be assigned to someone within the company who has experience writing business plans or farmed out to a professional writer who can better present the message.
Stay on Target If the business plan is intended primarily as a tool to keep your business on target i. You're not pitching the business to yourself, so you can dispense with most of the salesmanship, but keep it professional since you may be showing your plan to contractors, employees, customers, etc. As long as the financial projections are accurate and you competently describe your business operations and goals, you'll be in good shape to keep your business on the right path. Even if you're not a financial expert, you will need to absorb and master certain financial concepts -- for the health of your business as well as for the business plan.
General concepts such as breakeven analysis how and when the business will turn a profit , estimating startup costs, and financing basics such as cash flow projection and management are essential. Even if the business plan is targeted at yourself simply to keep you on target, you will want the most accurate projections of financial stability.
For specific information on financials which should be considered, go to the U. And in order to do that, you'll need a solid grip on financial concepts and an honest appraisal of the numbers you are crunching. Get Professional Help When Writing a Business Plan No one is born knowing how to write a business plan, it is learned through experience. You should consider seeking advice from mentors -- business people who have experience and can shorten your learning curve -- if this is your first time.
And while it is not necessary to hire an attorney when drafting a business plan, it's usually beneficial to have an attorney help you in the beginning stages of starting a business. Contact a business and commercial law attorney in your area for more guidance. The student has to complete all his coursework during study period in middle or high school in order to achieve overall good grades. It can be a research, some experimental analysis, articles, reports, dissertation, presentation or any other form of document.
On the surface, that might seem like a very basic writing prompt, but the act of looking for even ten minutes can be a challenge and writing from it can be fruitful. Nevertheless, here are some more directed prompts for looking at abstract art. You might do them at a local art gallery. Or you might apply them to one of the works of art in this virtual gallery I pulled together on the Google Art Project.
What if a work of abstract art resembled the emotional state, or even emotional journey, of a fictional character? Who is that character? What is that emotional state? How did he or she get there? Look at the art through the perspective of one of your characters in a work-in-progress. What is their interpretation of the piece? Does their interpretation incite them to do anything? If yes, what? How does it move your story forward? What if the design of an abstract work suggested the structure for a piece of writing? Now imagine the abstract sculpture as if it were a person.
Describe the energy and gestures of the person you might imagine.