Why be Vegetarian? What to eat?
Ragazzo solo, ragazza sola (English translation)
See my Salsa Dance page. Salsa main Styles. Why Dance Salsa? If you find incorrect data in this page, like a restaurant has closed or a big river has moved or you want to tell me something, please write me to contact. Lasciatemi cantare Con la chitarra in mano Lasciatemi cantare Sono l'italiano. Let me sing With the guitar in hand Let me sing I am the Italian.
(PDF) Year 7 -Italian Book | Maria Salonia - xuxixutiqevy.gq
This is a very classic Italian song, which is super popular abroad too. The singer, Domenico Modugno, born in the Italian region of Puglia, was inspired to write this song to celebrate his land, its sea and blue sky. Blu dipinto di blu on Lyrics Training. Translation of Blu dipinto di blu. Domenico Modugno is considered one of the fathers of Italian music. He was born in Polignano a Mare, in Puglia, one of the most beautiful Italian towns, today Unesco world heritage.
The title means the sky is always bluer.
Once again, this is a controversial song. At a first glance, this song seems to be optimistic and lighthearted. At a deeper level, this songs actually highlights the issues and problems of Italian society in the 70s, such as corruption or social injustice — and some of the issues mentioned are unfortunately still true today. There is also a cover version of this song by Giusy Ferreri which I find energizing and upbeat. Rino Gaetano was an Italian singer famous for his rough voice and he used his songs as a way to report social and political issues.
A pretty cool guy, Rino, who used his art as a mean to serve society and so many Italian singers went down that path after him see Jovanotti, above. Most Italian popular songs are love songs because, you know, Italian people are fairly romantic and passionate. English translation of perdono.
Refine your editions:
Tiziano Ferro is the author and singer of this song and is a worldwide famous singer, who has sung not only in Italian but also Spanish, French and Portuguese. When he first started his singing career, he was fairly innovative as he managed to bring a mix of different genres into Italian popular music, like Pop, Blues, Soul, Rhythm and blues. So, did you like these Italian songs? And, yes, we have some love stories here and there too! What do you like about it and how did it help you learn the lovely Italian language? Italian for beginners: how to learn Italian in 4 simple steps.
Ermy is a certified language coach who helps lifelong and creative learners become fluent in the language they love so that they can finally enjoy travelling around the world! Ermy Pedata the language rose Ermy is a certified language coach who helps lifelong and creative learners become fluent in the language they love so that they can finally enjoy travelling around the world! Solutions can be reported with a single word or short phrase , which can be used in precise response time paradigms such as solution priming.
- The Crisis in Modern Social Psychology (Psychology Revivals): and how to end it: Volume 7.
- Living Half Free.
- David Bowie - Ragazzo solo, ragazza sola lyrics + English translation?
- The Pain and the Passion of Christ.
Different sets can be classified according to the skills required to solve them e. Unfortunately, only a few of this more recent class of insight problems can be used in languages other than English e.
Consequently, the development of insight tests in languages other than American English cannot be performed solely through literal translation. In order to increase the corpus of problems usable in languages other than English, here we developed Italian versions of the compound remote associate CRA problems of Bowden and Jung-Beeman b and the rebus puzzles of MacGregor and Cunningham Both types of problems present the benefits described above. In addition, these two specific tasks offer a substantial number of problems that are sortable by multiple levels of difficulty, are easy to explain, and do not require domain-specific knowledge to be solved.
The RAT was created to study creativity without requiring domain-specific knowledge. Each item is composed of three words that can be associated with a fourth word—specifically, by creating a compound word, by semantic association, or because the words are synonyms. Considering the example we reported before: The three words same , tennis , and head can be associated with the word match by creating the compound word match head , by semantic association i.
In the CRA problems, Bowden and Jung-Beeman b created a larger set of problems using a more rule-consistent task: The solution word always forms a compound word or a common two-word phrase with each problem word e. Because they are more rule-consistent, the CRA problems may be more amenable to analytic solving than are the RAT problems, yet participants generally report achieving just over half of their solutions with insight, and less than half with analytic processing.
Both tests have been consistently used in the study of problem solving, cognitive flexibility, and creative thinking e. Our study is the first attempt to create a large set of CRA problems for Italian speakers. The initial interpretation is created and reinforced by past experience and frequency e. What makes the rebus puzzles an interesting pool of problems for the study of insight is that solving them often requires people to overcome the learned grammar rules of word composition to reinterpret the meanings of words.
For instance, one common way to solve rebus puzzles is to verbally interpret the visual—spatial relationships of the problem components e. Indeed, as MacGregor and Cunningham demonstrated, the difficulty of each rebus is related to the number of principles used to encrypt a phrase or saying; thus, it depends on the number of implicit assumptions that have to be relaxed to solve a rebus. Therefore, solving rebus puzzles may require relaxing one or more of the constraints necessary to process text in a standard fashion, and relaxing constraints is considered an important component of solving by insight Ohlsson, Neither insight nor analysis exists within a problem; they are each a set of processes, or different ways of engaging processes, that lead to solution.
Either way, insight has to do with the process ; it is just that certain types of problems classic insight problems are more likely to require those processes than are other types of problems classic analytic problems. It was observed informally that people solving CRA problems could sometimes report a strongly analytic solving process taking known steps, being aware of approaching the solution, and not feeling any surprise at achieving it , whereas the same people reported solving other problems by sudden insight.
Did it come as a whole? Were you immediately confident that it was correct, despite being surprised? Did it seem like the solution was quite different from what you were thinking just prior to the solution? Indeed, even individual differences in resting-state EEG are associated with a proclivity to solve in one way versus the other Kounios et al. It could be argued that individuals are unable to report the processes that lead to solutions.
However, experimenters generally do not ask people to state which specific cognitive processes were used. Rather, participants focus on their subjective experience see above of the solution when it emerges into consciousness, and their awareness of the ideas that preceded it. Ultimately, we believe that people are able to make use of various cues to effectively label how they solve problems. The problems themselves should be very helpful for multiple paradigms and investigations of problem solving, regardless of any understanding of insight.
For those who are interested in insight, the analytic of insight rates for each problem may also prove useful. In order to develop the two pools of problems described above, three studies were performed. In Study 1, we selected a pool of common phrases that constituted the solutions of candidate rebus puzzle items. We ran the first test for both the CRA problems and the rebus puzzles in order to define the final pools of problems initial test of solvability and solutions. In Study 3, the final set of problems was administered in order to identify the solving characteristics, solving rates, and norms for each item.
Therefore, two judges analyzed the encrypted meanings concealed in the relationship of the problem components of the rebus puzzles that we created. Disagreements were solved by a discussion between the judges and, if necessary, by recruiting a third judge. Some rebus puzzles are similar in the ways that they combine verbal and visual clues. On the basis of those similarities, we sorted them into 20 categories based on, for instance, trend i. This subdivision was used to keep similar items in different experimental blocks. The aim of Study 1 was to ascertain that the phrases and sayings that were encrypted i.
All of the participants were native, fluent Italian speakers. The participants were asked to assess the commonness of the common phrases that constituted the solutions of the candidate rebus puzzles. They had to specify how often they had heard each phrase, on a scale from 1 never to 5 often.
The interrater reliability i. The commonness of the sentences was averaged across raters in order to obtain a popularity score; only the sentences with a score above 3 were selected, and the candidate rebus puzzles whose solutions were not common enough were discarded a total of ten. Three additional puzzles were discarded for various reasons; 1 therefore, the final set of problems included 96 items. We developed Italian CRA problems that included three words each. The solution of each problem was a fourth word that could be associated with all three words of the triad through the formation of a compound word or phrase e.
Words were sometimes repeated across problems e. Study 2 constituted an initial test of the tasks, to identify problems both CRA and rebus puzzles that could trigger more than one valid solution and problems that might never or always be solved. Procedure used for Studies 2 and 3. Note that participants first had to press the spacebar when they were ready for each problem to appear on the screen. If they found a solution, participants had to press the spacebar, type the solution word, and report how they had solved the problem, either via insight or via analysis.
You are here
For both the rebus puzzles and the CRA problems, we discarded problems for which more than one possible valid solution was found nine CRA problems and seven rebus puzzles. Moreover, we discarded problems that were too easy i. The final pool of problems therefore included 88 valid rebus puzzles and valid CRA problems that were extracted from the initial pool. We administered the final pool of problems to identify for each item: the average solution time, the percentage of participants who would solve the items, errors and timeout rates, and the percentages of solvers reporting a solution via insight and via analysis.
We performed morphosyntactic analyses in order to rule out linguistic confounds e. We investigated the relationship between the percentage of participants solving an item and the solution strategy preferred for that item: insight versus analysis. An additional 39 participants took part to the study, but their data were excluded because they either stopped the experiment early or declared that they did not complete the experiment seriously. The CRA problems were split into three blocks of 41, 41, and 40 items each.
The 88 rebus puzzles were split into nine blocks with eight to 11 items each , balanced for categories. Thus, the three blocks of CRA problems were attempted by groups of 98, , and participants. The nine blocks of rebus puzzles were administered to groups of 42, 43, 50, 52, 53, 54, 56, 56, and 61 participants. The order of presentation and pairings of the blocks were randomized. The experiment was run online using the Inquisit software.
The instructions given and the procedure adopted were the same of for Study 2. Moreover, participants were asked to perform the test alone and to isolate themselves from any source of distraction or noise, and they were motivated to take the test seriously by doing their best on each problem. At the end of the test, a set of questions investigated whether the participants had solved the problems alone or not, whether they had any previous familiarity with these problems, and whether they gave random answers.
Latencies in typing the answers to the compound remote associates CRA problems and the rebus puzzles RP. One rebus problem and one CRA problem did not receive any correct responses. Notice that some values were computed only on correct responses: For some problems that were very hard to solve, these values either could not be computed or were estimated on very small sample sizes. Thus, in addition to indicating in Appendixes A and B the numbers of correct and error responses, we note specifically whenever a value was computed on a sample of less than ten participants.
Considering that there are research settings in which one needs very difficult or very easy problems, or in which one is not interested in precise estimates for some of the values that we reported, we decided to retain these problems in our set, as well. Numbers of correct and incorrect responses in the CRA and rebus puzzle problems, classified by solution strategy. In the case of errors, the interpretation of the responses regarding the solution process was not unequivocal.
On the one hand, it is possible that the participants reported the process that led to the wrong answer; on the other hand, one could also argue that these responses reflect a bias toward one of the strategies, independent of the process. Such bias can be controlled in experimental contexts—for instance, by planning control conditions. To test order effects, we performed a series of logistic regressions, one for each single problem, in which the dependent variable was the solution correct vs.
The systematic presence of significant effects in this analysis could mean, for instance, that the problems were facilitated by being presented later—that is, after other problems had been presented. For the rebus puzzles, a significant effect emerged only for three out of 88 problems i. These significant effects were not more frequent than would be expected by chance alone under the null hypothesis of no order effects i.
As an additional test of the absence of order effects, we inspected the distributions of the p values obtained from the logistic regressions for the CRAs and of the 88 p values obtained in the logistic regressions for the rebus puzzles: In the case of no order effect, the distribution of the p values would be expected to be uniform e. Following the procedure of Bowden and Jung-Beeman b , we divided the CRA problems into two types: homogeneous and heterogeneous. For the homogeneous problems, the solution word was a prefix or suffix to all three words of the triplet: These were 56 in number, and the average solution percentage was For the heterogeneous problems, the solution word was a prefix versus suffix to at least one of the words and a suffix vs.
Unlike the English language, Italian morphosyntax requires the consistency of number and gender: If a noun is singular versus plural, an adjective referring to that noun also has to be singular or plural, and if a noun is masculine versus feminine, then an adjective referring to that noun also has to be masculine or feminine.
These grammatical peculiarities might provide hints to the solution of the CRA problems, in which the inclusion of an adjective as a stimulus word is very common. The issue connected to the number consistency could easily be prevented by using only singular names as the solutions of CRA problems. However, we could not avoid the consistency of gender, since most CRA problems could only be created by using adjectives, and a gender inconsistency e. Therefore, we evaluated post hoc the impact of gender consistency by comparing the solution percentages for triads that contained at least one adjective—noun to those for triads that did not include adjectives.
For the 53 problems with a gender match and the 69 problems without a gender match, the mean percentages solved were, respectively, In conclusion, the analyses presented in this section allowed us to exclude potential confounds related to language in the problem solving. In the last decade, research on insight problem solving has availed itself of a new class of problems that are conducive to use with cutting-edge research techniques that require numerous observations per condition.
As compared to the classic insight problems, this new generation of problems has several advantages: They are shorter; more compact to present and easier, and thus generate more data; and can be classified by the cognitive functions involved. Unfortunately, only problems that are not linguistically contextualized e. As a consequence, most of the studies in this field cannot be replicated in many languages. To expand the study of insight problem solving to the Italian language and culture, we created Italian versions of the CRA problems and rebus puzzles, and tested their validity and solving rates.
It was important to select a pool of problems that were not either too easy or too difficult to solve for the population of interest: the higher the number of solvers, the higher the amount of information that would be available about the preferred strategies of the participant. If several such problems are administered sequentially, one could incur order effects, in that the solution of the problems administered later could be affected by the solution of those administered earlier.
These effects can be reduced by keeping similar problems in different blocks, as we did in Study 3. In many contexts, the ideal strategy would be to compose blocks of stimuli without problems that required similar strategies. With the Italian version of the CRA problems and rebus puzzles, we aimed to provide a useful apparatus to extend the findings concerning the mental processes underlying creativity to languages other than English.
The specific instructions for the CRA problems were Per ciascun problema ti verranno presentate tre parole. Hai 15 secondi di tempo per trovare la soluzione. Appena trovi la soluzione premi subito la barra spaziatrice per dare la risposta. Ti preghiamo di non premere la barra spaziatrice fin quando non hai la risposta.
Nel caso in cui non trovassi la soluzione in tempo, passerai al problema successivo. The same instructions used by Bowden and Jung-Beeman a were translated into Italian and given to participants to explain how to distinguish a solution via insight from one via analysis. In this case for instance, you are able to report the steps that you used to reach the solution.