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Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Welcome to the world of lapple puzzles! All puzzles are fun and entertaining, and this newly created puzzle idea is interesting and stimulating for all ages.

Lapple puzzles not only help you learn new words and definitions, they can improve your memory, increase your effective IQ, enhance your language skills, and exercise your mind's muscles for long-term learning. What is a Lapple Puzzle? A lapple puzzle is an overLAPPing words puzzle. Each puzzle is a string of letters.

The word overlap is from one to four letters. The objective is the find consecutive overlapping words by following the string from beginning to end. Why Do Word Puzzles? Word puzzles help the mind. The health benefits of word and logic puzzles can prove worthwhile. Your brain needs regular playtime to form new patterns and complex neural networks naturally. Word puzzles require brain exertion exercise.

Therefore, word puzzles improve memory and encourage better brain function. This can lead to more brainpower, increased skill, and improved concentration and memory. Scientists have found that the brain actually reorganizes itself in response to new challenges, and a word puzzle provides a challenge.

In addition, word puzzles are good for your mind's cognitive thinking and memory development. Word puzzles teach problem-solving skills. Playing puzzles affects the thinking side of your brain, which forces you to solve problems logically. Notice that the windows of Classroom 10 are not shot out and the flag is up. Wayne Carver can be seen behind the man in the blue evidence suit. This photograph is taken from one of the elevated cameras we have discovered that were mounted around the parking lot to record the drill.

The mortuary tent is not there yet, which makes this early morning. Could we have more decisive proof? Hypothesis h1 , that Sandy Hook was real, has been falsified and h2 , that this was an elaborate hoax, has been proven beyond any reasonable doubt.

Benefits to the participants The benefits to those who participated in the Sandy Hook hoax have been substantial. Other substantial grants have been given to alleviate the pain and suffering of those who Other pay-offs, bribes and hush-money—and under the circumstances, is there anything more appropriate to call it? When debate was taking place over the choice between refurbishing the old school or constructing a new one, The Newtown Bee published about the presence of asbestos, lead and PCBs in the building, which had no doubt factored in the earlier decision to abandon the school in The gun control agenda We are told that fewer guns means less crime.

But when you look into serious studies of crime rates in relation to gun laws, that is not what you. Barack Obama himself praised the sweeping gun confiscation that took place in Australia in the late s and said:. Meanwhile, the one thing that the President failed to recognize is that gun crime in the U. As soon as a mass shooting happens, it reverberates through all the major news networks for weeks, much like an echo after the initial shot. Because of this, much of the nation seems to believe that gun violence, particularly school shootings, is on the rise even with evidence that points to the contrary.

The reasons behind this aggressive behavior by the administration, even when gun violence has been falling in the United States, involves deep questions about the role of DHS in our society and why America has been devolving into a totalitarian state. I was born a year-and-a-day before Pearl Harbor, as my father used to put it; and I would never have imagined in my wildest dreams that the United States of American could descent into a bottomless pit of lies, deceit and deception.

Faking a school shooting to instill fear into a population for political purposes is an act of terrorism, where it has become clear that this instance was brought to us by officials at every level of Connecticut government from the teachers and reporters to the State Police and the Newtown School board to the Governor and the Attorney General and the President himself. And this is the ugly legacy of Barack Hussein Obama. Tracy, Ph. Along these lines on December 19 the Connecticut State Police assigned individual personnel to each of the 26 families who lost a loved one at Sandy Hook Elementary.

Wayne Carver II at a December 15 press conference. Wayne Carver II has an extremely self-assured, almost swaggering presence in Connecticut state administration. In early Carver threatened to vacate his position because of state budget cuts and streamlining measures that threatened his professional autonomy over the projects and personnel he oversaw.

Along these lines the pathologist has gone to excessive lengths to demonstrate his findings and expert opinion in court proceedings. Yet the H. Wayne Carver who showed up to the December 15 press conference is an almost entirely different man, appearing apprehensive and uncertain, as if he is at a significant remove from the postmortem operation he had overseen.

While the latter sounds untenable it would go a long way in explaining his sub-pedestrian grasp of medical procedures and terminology. With this in mind extended excerpts from this exchange are worthy of recounting here in print. Paul Vance and additional Connecticut State Police personnel. The reporters are off-screen and thus unidentified so I have assigned them simple numerical identification based on what can be discerned of their voices. Reporter 1: So the rifle was the primary weapon? Wayne Carver: Yes. Reporter 1: [Inaudible] Carver: Uh pause.

Question was what caliber were these bullets. Reporter 2: Doctor can you tell us about the nature of the wounds. Were they at very close range? Were the children shot at from across the room? Carver: Uhm, I only did seven of the autopsies. The victims I had ranged from three to eleven wounds apiece and I only saw two of them with close range shooting. Carver: Yes. Reporter 3: But the long rifle was discovered in the car. Unidentified reporter 4: How many bullets or bullet fragments did you find in the autopsy. Can you tell us that? Carver: Oh. There were lots of them, OK? This type of weapon is not, uh … the bullets are designed in such a fashion that the energy—this is very clinical.

But the energy is deposited in the tissue so the bullet stays in [the tissue]. Carver: Uh, all the ones pause. I believe say, yes [sic]. Reporter 6: In what shape were the bodies when the families were brought to check [inaudible]. Carver: Uh, we did not bring the bodies and the families into contact. We took pictures of them, uhm, of their facial features.

Un, there is, uh, a time and place Uh, but uh— Reporter 7: Do you know the difference of the time of death between the mother in the house and the bodies recovered [in the school]. Carver: No. Reporter 9: What? Carver: Paul and company will deal with that. Lieutenant Vance is going to handle that one. Reporter Was there any evidence of a struggle? Any bruises? Reporter The nature of the shooting; is there any sense that there was a lot of care taken with precision [inaudible] or randomly? Carver: [Exhales while glancing upward, as if frustrated] Both. Why does an expert whose routine job as a public employee is to provide impartial medical opinion concerned with winning and losing in court?

Further, Carver is not in court but rather at a press conference. Carver: Ah, they were similar to those of the children. Reporter Doctor, the children you had autopsied, where in the bodies were they hit? Carver: Uhm [pause]. All over. Reporter Were [the students] sitting at their desks or were they running away when this happened? I, uh, obviously I was at the scene. But there are people who are, uh, the number one professionals in that. Reporter [ 15]: How many boys and how many girls [were killed]? Yet these are merely the tip of the iceberg. When did the gunman arrive?

After Adam Lanza fatally shot and killed his mother at his residence, he drove himself to the elementary school campus, arriving one half hour after classes had commenced. Dressed in black, Lanza proceeds completely unnoticed through an oddly vacant parking lot with a military style rifle and shoots his way through double glass doors and a brand new yet apparently poorly engineered security system. Further, initial press accounts suggest how no school personnel or students heard gunshots and no calls are made until after Lanza begins firing inside the facility. And then, suddenly and unfathomably, gunshots rang out.

The thunderous sound of Lanza blowing an opening big enough to walk through the locked school door caused Principal Dawn Hochsprung and school psychologist Mary Scherlach to bolt from a nearby meeting room to investigate. He shot and killed them both as they ran toward him. How did the gunman fire so many shots in such little time? According to Dr. Carver and State Police, Lanza shot each victim between 3 and 11 times during a 5 to 7 minute span. If one is to average this out to 7 bullets per individual—excluding misses—Lanza shot times, or once every two seconds.

Yet according to the official story Lanza was the sole assassin and armed with only one weapon. Still, an accurate rendering of the event is even more difficult to arrive at because the chief medical examiner admittedly has no idea exactly how the children were shot or whether a struggle ensued. Where is the photo and video evidence? Photographic and video evidence is at once profuse yet lacking in terms of its capacity to demonstrate that a mass shooting took place on the scale described by authorities.

Why were medical personnel turned away from the scene? Oddly enough medical personnel are forced to set up their operation not at the school where the dead and injured lay, but rather at the fire station several hundred feet away. This flies in the face of standard medical operating procedure where personnel are situated as close to the scene as possible. There is no doubt that the school had ample room to accommodate such personnel. Yet medical responders who rushed to Sandy Hook Elementary upon receiving word of the tragedy were denied entry to the school and forced to set up primary and secondary triages off school grounds and wait for the injured to be brought to them.

Who decided that none could be revived? Carver and his staff are apparently the only medical personnel to have attended to the victims—yet this was in the postmortem conducted several hours later. Such slipshod handling of the crime scene leaves the State of Connecticut open to a potential array of hefty civil claims by families of the slain.

  • Nobody Died at Sandy Hook.
  • The First Man Off The Plane.
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Did a mass evacuation of the school take place? Sandy Hook Elementary is attended by students. Yet there is no photographic or video evidence of an evacuation on this scale. Instead, limited video and photographic imagery suggest that a limited evacuation of perhaps at most several dozen students occurred. Yet this was the image of a drill that took place prior to the event itself. See Correction] Most other photos are portraits of individual children. Despite aerial video footage of the event documenting law enforcement scouring the scene and apprehending one or more suspects in the wooded area nearby the school,[11] there is no such evidence that a mass exodus of children from the school transpired once law enforcement pronounced Sandy Hook secure.

Nor are there videos or photos of several hundred students and Political scientist W. This well-worn script is one the public has been conditioned to accept. If few people relied on such media to develop their world view this would hardly be a concern. Yet this is regrettably not the case.

While the incident is ostensibly being handled by Connecticut law enforcement, early reports indicate how federal authorities Moreover, to suggest that Obama is not capable of deploying such techniques to achieve political ends is to similarly place ones faith in image and interpretation above substance and established fact, the exact inclination that in sum has brought America to such an impasse. At several points in this recording audio is scrambled, particularly following apprehension of a second shooting suspect outside the school, suggesting a purposeful attempt to withhold vital information.

See also James F. If the school already was closed, no children or teachers would be there on December 14 to be gunned down by Adam Lanza. Reports of shes being contaminated with asbestos. Several reports in local newspaper The Newtown Bee indicate that years before the massacre, SHES was in a state of disrepair and contaminated with environmental toxins. Remember that date. Just think: If the city already knew in that the school was contaminated with asbestos and, in , used the contamination to justify tearing it down, why would the same asbestos-contaminated school be safe for children and teachers to inhabit from through ?

Moss and grime covered the school building; repairs were left undone. Especially noteworthy, as pointed out by Jim Fetzer, is a dangerous, exposed metal rod on an exterior staircase see 3 in photo below : Classrooms and hallways were used for storage, jammed with furniture and office supplies.

If those rooms and hallways were actually in an operational school, then SHES was in clear violation of the fire safety code. As an example, an August 22, article by Debbie Moore for My Parking Sign stated: Americans with Disabilities Act signed in … details guidelines for every public area that needs to provide with ample accessibility options for the disabled…. ADA states the following rules that need to be followed while posting accessibility signs in designated areas — The international symbol of accessibility should be posted on all accessible parking spaces marking the reserved spot.

The accessibility symbol is the well-known picture of a person using a wheelchair on top of a blue background. Signs should be placed at such a height at least 60 inches above surface that they do not get obscured by any parked vehicles or other obstructions. Indeed, Connecticut General Statutes, Sec. The Wayback Machine is a digital archive of the Internet which uses a special software to crawl and download all publicly accessible World Wide Web pages. It was Jungle Server who first discovered that the Wayback Machine shows an absence of Internet activity from SHES since — the same year when the school was found to be contaminated with asbestos.

They were represented by attorney Monte Frank, a gun-control activist who founded Team 26, a cycling group that lobbies for gun control. The purpose of the hearing was to determine if Newtown improperly withheld documents requested by Halbig. Halbig claims that he had requested the following documents from the respondents, but was denied — the denial being a violation of FOIA: SHES maintenance work orders, including: 1. Copies signed by Hochsprung or her designee showing the date of completion of the repairs together with time stamps showing job completion.

Copies of all emails to and from Hochsprung and her assistant to various school district departments, e. The requested documents presumably could prove that the school was operational on the day of the massacre. In a post on April 25, , an anonymous contributor to SandyHookFacts. In other words, Newtown cannot produce evidence that in the months preceding the massacre from May 1, through December 13, , repairs were made on Sandy Hook Elementary School or that Hochsprung had exchanged emails with school district departments.

The reason is a simple one: the school was not operational, having been closed down for years, most probably since when it was discovered to be contaminated with asbestos. Wolfgang Halbig, a former Florida State Trooper, school principal and nationally recognized school safety expert, may be the leading researcher into the Sandy Hook affair. After filing complaint upon complaint about the failure of responses to his FOIA Freedom of Information Act requests, he was granted ahearing, which was initially scheduled for March 31, Wolfgang waited, but the time came and went.

It was rebooked for April 24th and has taken place. Here is an exclusive interview withWolfgang by MBC Media Broadcasting Center , where a video recording of the hearing and a panel discussion of what had transpired during the hearing with many serious students of Sandy Hook follows search by title on YouTube : For those who are less familiar with the background of the Sandy Hook hoax, here is a summary of key aspects, which include ample proof that the school had been closed by , which included that it was not compliant with Connecticut laws implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act, where there is a complete absence of the familiar white-and-blue parking areas and corresponding signage, where the exterior of the building is in deplorable condition and the inside was being used for storage search by title on YouTube : Among our most important discoveries has been the FEMA manual for the Sandy Hook event Appendix A , which specifies that a rehearsal will be Bear in mind that, while we already know that it was a scam, Wolf is proceeding to establish that point as a matter of law.

MBC has included them with its broadcast, where I am offering a sample of what they tell us about the condition of the school, both inside and out. The building is covered with moss and grime, with many indications of repairs left undone:. The interior shots provide even more damning proof that the school had long-since been abandoned, with loose electrical chords dangling, unkempt offices and rooms, with materials stored everywhere.

The Commissioner is a Governor Malloy appointee. Frank claimed Wolf had the documents he needed and had requested but Wolf stood firm and stated he wanted permission slips of children to sing, authorization from Dawn and the school board approving the field trip and those documents he did not receive. Wolf also took issue with documents The school would have to have been the party ordering them, since they are on their property. Wolf then brought up the fact that there were no documents pertaining to communications between Connecticut Trooper One and the Newtown police.

Chief Kehoe of the Newtown Police Department has claimed there were no communication logs, yet it was the Newtown police who asked for Trooper One helicopter to help search for a shooter or multiple shooters in the woods behind the school. Search YouTube by title. The FOIA requests that Wolf received had two unsigned signature lines at the bottom stating that the work had been done and signed off on by a supervisor; however, this man stated that they were not signed and that they just signed off verbally.

When asked when the new security system was installed, he stated it was last updated in ! This was new information to all researchers and when Wolf was asked why he thought there was a new system, Wolf said every news outlet in America reported that the school had a new system and that the school principal, Mrs. Hochsprung, had sent out letters to parents describing the new security upgrades. Most of the meeting consisted of Monte Frank objecting to things, asking that things not be put in the record, and contending that most of the items Wolf was pursuing were irrelevant.

They had to park a mile Can I ask you a question? Wolf now has his denial on film! Yet the governor made no effort to warn Connecticut school districts to enhance their security due to an imminent threat. Wolf was told subpoenas were irrelevant because it was not a courtroom, where Monte Frank told Pat Llodra and the head custodian they did not have to obey the subpoenas and not to show up. It was reported that Monte was trembling. They ran out of time so the hearing will be held at a later date to finish up.

I just listened to the hearing once and I think this all pretty accurate. I wonder what she thinks now! Thus concludes Kelley Watts summary of the initial hearing. Exhibit 4 : Presence of stored items of every shape, kind and description: If these are not compelling, there are many more. You will find gutters in need of repair, walls covered with moss, leaks and stains that require I have no doubt that his approach is going to drive legal nails into the coffin of the Sandy Hook hoax, where I encourage everyone to visit his site and contribute to his cause.

I took that photo. Among the features that suggest they were staged is that, in the one to which she refers, a little girl is at the front of What became of her? If this was taken in real time under emergency conditions, how could she have taken more than one? And, as we explain below, the white arrow is not in the same position in the two photos, which suggests the second was taken later.

And there is no sense of urgency about any of this. You have bystanders— whom Shannon Hicks claims were parents picking up their children—but does anyone buy that? And there should have been around students and 83 faculty and staff to evacuate: Where are they? It is the only photo we have of any children being evacuated from the school:.

Notice the absence of any frost on the ground or exhaust from their breathing, which will become important. But shadow It is less important when the photograph was taken than that we now have a second photo at approximately the same time. Notice how many indications are present that this photo wasstaged. Dan Cady has conjectured that Shannon Hicks is taking the picture of the conga line and the parents.

It is his guess that Lisa Terifay near center, blue sweatshirt, clear line of sight to the kids, in front of Shannon took the photo that got the most attention. But we and others have noted before the absence of evidence that any evacuation took place, including that those students are nowhere to be seen. Wade and others who are attempting to defend the indefensible have observed, Shannon Hicks claims to have taken hundreds of photos at Sandy Hook, including of the evacuation.

We should be able to narrow it down between 12 November and 17 October , where we are inclined to believe that it was taken during the earlier drill as Dan Hennen reported. But it cannot be an authentic photograph taken on 14 December And other photos afford more evidence that this was a drill:.

What is this officer doing running away from the scene of the crime, for example? He ought to be assisting in dealing with the threat from the alleged shooter. If there was one, there might have been more. And notice the officer whose silhouette can be seen in the background in front of the school. And for good reason: there was nothing going on inside the school! The events reported It was despicable conduct and a grotesque form of treason for which Barack Obama and Eric Holder bear ultimate responsibility.

Figure 1. This article was first published in January at Veterans Today, a little over one year after the alleged Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting of 2 December 14, They form the basis for all further Means of accessing the videos from the online article are given in the notes. In this gross dereliction of duty, The Times has displayed not only its journalistic incompetence but, more grievously, its complicity in the perpetration of the Sandy Hook hoax.

In a letter accompanying the report, Reuben F. Tens of thousands of hours were spent by investigators from all over the country tracking down leads, processing evidence, and doing everything within their collective ability to provide answers for the questions that remained in the wake of the terror that morning.

Consider the totality of the evidence in this case. The hypothesis that confers the highest degree of probability based on the evidence is preferable. Despite the exhaustive investigation allegedly carried out by the Connecticut State Police, the official scenario is not feasible in terms of the evidence. Proof of death has been suppressed Twenty-eight people allegedly died: 27 children and adults, including Adam Lanza, at the school, and his mother, Nancy Lanza, in her home at 36 Yogananda Street, Newtown.

In fact, no video surveillance footage shows anything—not even Adam shooting out the front plate-glass window or walking through the halls like Rambo, even though the school had supposedly updated its security system at the start of the — 9 academic year. Instead, they were reportedly shown photographs of the deceased. No normal parent would have agreed to accept the death of a child without viewing the body.

According to Carver: Uh, we did not bring the bodies and the families into contact. Uh, there is, uh, a time and place for the up close and personal in the grieving process, but to accomplish this we felt it would be best to do it this way and, uh, you can sort of, uh … You can control a situation depending on the photographer, and I have 11 very good photographers.

Uh, but uh—. Remarkably, the state has done its best to avoid releasing the death certificates and even recordings of the calls. On June 5, , Connecticut passed legislation Public Act 13— blocking disclosure of photos or video images of all homicide victims, along with 13 other records. According to Gov. As recounted in interviews with the families, the circumstances of their last encounters with their children or with their caskets are strange to say the least.

Veronique Pozner gave her account of her last look at her son Noah to the Jewish Daily Forward on December 26, Figure 7 : Veronique asked the medical examiners not to autopsy her son; she felt that his body had suffered too many indignities. At his funeral, Noah was dressed in a suit and tie. The family placed stuffed animals, a blanket and letters to Noah into the casket.

She asked the funeral director to place an identical one in his left, which was badly mangled. Just before the ceremony, Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy came to the funeral home to pay his respects. Veronique took him by the arm and brought him to the casket. Emergency protocols were not followed There is no evidence of any frantic effort to save lives or remove bodies to hospitals. Instead the scene outside the school looked calm and largely bloodless—with police and other personnel milling around casually and a severe shortage of dead or injured victims.

One Sandy Hook researcher decided to call Lt. Outside Sandy Hook Elementary, tarps were laid out, but not even the black tarps for the dead were used, much less the red ones for those who needed immediate treatment Figure 9. As Sofia Smallstorm has documented, nothing at all like this occurred at Sandy Hook: the appropriate protocols 21 were not followed.

Sandy Hook Fire Chief Bill Halstead was ready to help the victims 22 but could recall only two wounded people Figure A few survivors were reportedly taken to the hospital, but, oddly, these people were never interviewed. There were no first-hand accounts that proved anyone was killed or injured. Nonetheless, by the afternoon of December 14, Lt. Vance had. Figure No emergency vehicles were present at the school or even lined up in the fire lane for a rescue attempt—the parking lot was filled with parked cars, police cars and possibly media vehicles.

Such rescue activity as occurred was centered, not on the school premises, but at the nearby Firehouse. Emergency vehicles at the Firehouse were jammed together impeding access to the school, in case anyone might have thought about attempting a rescue. The scene at the Firehouse was quite peculiar, with people milling around and circling through the building, walking out one door and into another, to 24 give the impression of lots of people and lots of action Figure But it was all in accordance with FEMA manuals for drills. Drill protocols were followed instead We are now living in a security state, and the school system is among its beneficiaries.

Larger scenarios are also developed as active-shooter drills, in which local law enforcement can take part in storming a school in pursuit of an active-actor-shooter. According to protocol, everyone Figure The check-in sign was inserted via green screen, however, shown in an interview held days after the event, so its presence is controversial see Figure 1. Sandy Hook Firehouse on December 14, , with drinking water for the participants, according to drill protocol.

As such, it would have utilized actors and media partners to simulate a tragedy in order to train participants, and also to observe the reaction of the citizenry. In addition, tweets about the shooting 34 began before it occurred, a tribute was apparently uploaded one month before the event, and web pages honoring the victims, including a Facebook page R.

A Sandy Hook timeline has been reconstructed at memoryholeblog. There were contradictory reports about the weapons According to initial reports, weapons used in the shooting included four handguns recovered at the scene, the only guns taken into the school NBC. Then it was reported that Lanza may have carried only two handguns and that a rifle was also found in the school NBC.

In January , Connecticut state police released a statement indicating that they had found three guns inside the school: a Bushmaster. Bushmaster allegedly found inside the school final report, Walkley scene photos. Glock and clip allegedly found inside the school final report, Walkley scene photos.

Sig Sauer and clip allegedly found inside the school final report, Walkley scene photos. This is presumably the gun shown in a video aired on the night of December 14, , by NBC Figure Some have seen two long guns in the trunk in the NBC video: the gauge shotgun and 39 the Bushmaster rifle.

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Vance then asserted that Lanza had killed all his victims with the. This after he supposedly killed his mother before driving to the school. It should of course be noted that Adam Lanza was initially listed in the Social Security Death Index as having died on December 13, , one day before the 41 alleged shooting.

Lanza was also allegedly carrying three round magazines for the Bushmaster as well as a Sig Sauer 9mm handgun see above. The victims were supposedly shot multiple times each in a fusillade of bullets from these military-style weapons. In order to wreak this havoc, he fired more than rounds, and he carried more rounds in addition.

Lanza was reportedly found dead wearing a bulletproof vest and military-style clothing AP. As Mike Powers, a professional military investigator and ballistics expert, has observed, this young man of slight build could not have carried all these heavy, bulky weapons and ammunition on his person. Furthermore, since first responders were supposedly inside the school within seven minutes, there was not enough time for Lanza to have carried out the shooting as reported.

In an interview with Joyce Riley, Powers states that Lanza could not have fired so many times continuously without destabilizing himself from the intense noise from the Bushmaster. As a novice, he could not have shot an AR—15 with such speed and accuracy, supposedly changing magazines 4—5 times without 43 a stoppage. According to Lt. Vance on the night of the shooting, one victim survived. So in less than seven minutes—or less than five minutes according to the media—Lanza killed 26 people and then himself, producing only one injured victim. Mike Powers thinks the whole scenario is a physical impossibility.

He is not even convinced that Adam Lanza was a real person. The final travesty involves the weapons and other paraphernalia that 45 were allegedly found in the Lanza house. Lanza had reportedly compiled a spreadsheet 7 feet long and 4 feet wide in 9-point type detailing victims of other mass murders CBS. Widely available on youtube, this event shows H. Wayne Carver II, a public official of some standing, clowning and acting outlandish—grinning strangely, making irrelevant comments, and basically appearing unknowledgeable and 47 unprofessional Figure The school nurse—Numerous reports offer detailed and totally fictitious information, some of which was later abandoned in favor of more tenable versions.

On the evening of December 14, a USA Today reporter said she had spoken with the school nurse not identified by name , whom she had met on the street Figure USA Today reporting a fabricated story about the school nurse, the gunman, and his mother the kindergarten teacher at Sandy Hook Elementary. In fact, Dawn was said to have acted heroically, dying while lunging at the gunman—although one wonders who witnessed and reported this act of heroism. On December 17, , The Bee retracted the report and apologized: An early online report from the scene at the December 14 shootings at Sandy Hook Elementary School quoted a woman who identified herself to our reporter as the principal of the school.

The quote was removed from subsequent online versions of the story, but the original story did remain in our online archive for three days before being deleted. We apologize for whatever confusion this may have caused our readers and for any pain or anguish it may have cause 52 [sic] the Hochsprung family. Gene Rosen—Gene Rosen is one of the most prolific of the Sandy Hook media stars, giving animated and conflicting statements to a series of reporters in English and Spanish.

Strangely, Rosen took the children inside and gave them some toys to play with, instead of calling 53 like any normal person. The Gene Rosen videos are important for the official narrative, in that they corroborate many of its details: the staccato gunfire and thus a semi These incriminating videos are some of the best evidence that the Sandy Hook shooting Figure Photos at scene and of victims look staged or fake Many of the photos released to the public look staged or fake; here are some notable examples: Shannon Hicks photo of children being evacuated from the school— The only photo we have seen of any children being evacuated from the school was apparently taken earlier in the fall during a drill—no coats, smiling 54 faces, leaves remaining on a few trees.

A recent sun-shadow analysis shows that the photo was taken at around am, not at am as alleged by Hicks, and clearly not on the cold morning of 57 December Here also is the line of students but in a somewhat different order. In addition, several onlookers stand in the foreground; the woman at center may have been snapping photographs, although there is certainly someone else taking pictures here—the photographer who captured this second image. This slideshow was available by the evening of December 13, , but released on December 59 14 as photos taken on that date, as documented by QKultra Figure But how did he get past the furniture, with all his weaponry, without moving anything 60 out of position?

Not only did Lanza squeeze through this hole and edge carefully through the narrow space between the couch and table, but so did 61 ten policemen, all with their guns and gear, according to sworn affidavits. Yet nothing was pushed aside, and the magazine rack looks like it was moved carefully away from the window Figure Just as insidious are photographs of the children who allegedly died at Sandy Hook, many of which were demonstrably altered via Photoshop.

Most of the individual images of the children released to the media are peculiar— numerous images have a curiously similar background of green foliage, and several look outdated and may be old photos. Parker family photos—Some of the most problematic involve the Parker family, several of which show evidence of tampering.

Photoshopped image of the Parker family, showing the two youngest girls missing their legs and Emilie, at right, apparently added to the image. Images of Soto were inserted into photographs in which she did not originally appear, and several shots of her face were created 62 from a single photo.

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Soto is wearing the exact same outfit seen in another photo with green foliage background, although there she faces the other direction; that image was In doing so the creators had to reconstruct her right hand and did so poorly, cutting off her thumb with a vertical line. Ann Marie Murphy was also inserted, and her hand too is problematic. T h e ha n d s o f t h e children are blurry, their eyes are fuzzy, and square and rectangular defects appear on their faces—all unnoticeable in a small Figure Adam Lanza—The ridiculously fraudulent photographs of Adam Lanza 65 clearly do not depict a real person:.

The demolition of the school has been completed and rebuilding is in progress. Employees who worked on the project were required to sign non67 disclosure agreements. They were not only prohibited from removing anything from the site, but they were forbidden from discussing publicly anything they may have observed or not observed during the demolition, such as an absence of bullet marks on the walls or blood on the floor of the classrooms.

Researchers have speculated that the Sandy Hook Elementary School was not a working school in December , and may have been closed for 68 years. Photos indicate the deplorable physical condition of the school and its grounds, as well as loads of junk in rooms, halls, and closets, more appropriate for a storage facility—but with classrooms staged to look real. Sandy Hook Elementary was indeed dilapidated, nothing like the marvelous school that people say drew parents to the Newtown community.

The new Sandy Hook School has been designed Figure 39 and is in the process of being built. The building is scheduled for completion by , in time for the — school year, according to the official project 69 website. This is underscored by an article in the Newtown Bee, clear acknowledgment that Sandy Hook Elementary was old, unsafe, and not up 71 to code at the time of the alleged shooting. The children in the Newtown choir, whoever they are, seem quite happy to be singing at the Super Bowl, smiling and running across the field after the event—giving no sign of the trauma they had suffered less than two months prior.

So are the dead children actually alive? One can only hope. Cui bono? The evidence thus demonstrates that 1 proof of death was suppressed, 2 emergency protocols were not followed, 3 drill protocols were followed instead, 4 there was foreknowledge of the event, 5 there was confusion over the weapons supposedly used, 6 Adam Lanza cannot possibly have carried out the shooting as claimed, 7 strange and inappropriate behavior was displayed by officials, witnesses, and relatives, 8 many odd photos of the participants and premises were released, 9 the crime scene was destroyed under conditions of secrecy, and 10 as many as nine of the children who were supposedly murdered appeared on television singing at the Super Bowl seven weeks later.

With the possible exception of 5 and 9 , all these features yield a low probability that Sandy Hook was a massacre but a high probability that it was 75 a staged psy-op tied to a drill. Some of them are decisive by themselves, such as 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , and 6 —not to mention And nothing else about this event supports the conclusion that it was real as reported. Unfortunately, that question may never be answered conclusively… there is no clear indication why he did so, or why he targeted Sandy Hook Elementary School.

But all good detectives will look for a motive when investigating a crime. When considering cui bono who benefits , a large amount of money is at stake—and much of it has already been distributed. The families have also raised additional funds through private organizations with their own websites—some of which were apparently advertised on the web in advance of the shooting. Noah Pozner. All of the victims, both children and adults, have had memorial 81 funds established in their names to collect money.

As part of their fund- raising efforts, the group sells car decals, wrist bands, T-shirts, and OPI limitededition Sandy Hook Green nail polish. Indeed, the total amount of money raised to date cannot easily be calculated. A Connecticut report on charitable donations lists organizations such as The Animal Center, Inc. The families have been out in force, appearing on television and in print, lobbying for gun control in the states and the US capitol.

George and College Streets, which incidentally occupies part of the old premises of the city's central library. Gee, I hope they didn't tear down the shelving. Atticus bookshop on Harbord is also recommended. Abelard too. One of the world's steepest gradients of booktownishness comes somewhere between Toronto and Buffalo. Toronto is a pretty good book town. At least it was about five years ago. There aren't so many small bookstores now that they have two competing superbookstore chains, though.

They lost the whole Lichtman's chain, and Britnell's, and a bunch of lesser stores. One of the big unheralded events of was that the big chains and the big online bookstores quietly eliminated discounts on most of their books, now offering deep discounts only on best-sellers. Sure you can! Last time I was in Toronto, there was a book store there that advertised itself as the largest in the world or something.

Ignore it. It has the biggest ratio of aisle width to shelf height of any book store in the world. For a great bookstore with towering inaccessible bookshelves, try Powell's in Portland, Oregon. Looks like another emergency-candies situation. Turns out that World's Biggest Bookstore is just its name, not its claim. Had a couple of us fooled there. The following comments are more relevant than they seem yet: In English spelling, the letters b and p generally represent essentially the same consonant.

B is a voiced bilabial stop, and p is a voiceless bilabial stop. All that means is that any vowel adjacent to b is pronounced 20 to 30 milliseconds closer to the consonant articulation than it would be adjacent to a p. For an example of how this plays out, see the SG entry. It is neither b nor v, however: it's produced bilabially like English b, whereas English v is produced labiodentally. In the IPA , that sound is represented by the Greek letter beta.

There's a similar, less discernible distinction with f. In Japan ese, the sounds we distinguish as h and f are considered equivalent, with transliteration based mostly on the vowel sound following it Japanese consists essentially of consonant-vowel syllables. Followed by u, it's interpreted as f e. Hence, coffee is kohi. These transliterations represent tendencies in the sound of the consonant.

What is not so obvious is that the articulation is essentially that which English uses for h. That yields a sound like our f, even though our f is articulated labiodentally. It's the sound of a blown kiss. Not just any blown kiss; a blown kiss that's all blowing. Japanese speakers who learn a European second language after infancy tend to use the bilabial f in the second language. That tends to be tiring for the speaker, because it requires greater aspiration to produce the same volume of sound.

It's like loud whispering. As these sounds disappeared from English, they were replaced if at all by the closest available sound: eff. Hence the modern pronunciations of cough , enough , rough , and tough. A zapata is also one or another kind of shoe, but mostly it's a half-boot, what we used to call a chukka in the Boy Scouts.

Incidentally, y'know there's no really convenient way of translating webbed feet into Spanish. I suppose you could call them patas de pato. Emiliano Zapata led a popular rebellion in southern Mexico. There's a bit more about this time period in the PRI entry.

Not even las zapatillas de Zapata his slippers. Their collection is not strong on Mexican military foot fashions, but they do have shoes of that general vintage. I'm not off-topic, I'm just a bit round-about. The BATA has 10, shoes in its collection. By my estimate, that comes to, in round numbers you understand, about pairs, more or less well-matched. Come back in a few months, when we add exciting new material on Ernesto Zedillo and the cedilla. You know, the lady from the teaching effectiveness program said you have to dramatize numbers, because numbers don't mean anything to people like her.

Okay, so she didn't say that exactly, but that's what she meant even though she didn't know it. Lessee now, suppose Mrs. Marcos had left behind pears instead. In a walk-in refrigerator. You could have eaten four pears a day for a year and still had enough left over to plant an orchard even if you didn't save the seeds from the pears you ate.

It's not as if he left his fly open by accident or anything. As you will recall from the beginning of the entry, the Bata shoe company was founded by one Tomas Bata in Zlin. I don't understand why Bata had one or more company physicians, but for his own and his family's health and safety, Eugene was transferred to Singapore in This didn't work out so well for him personally, as he was killed there in when the Japanese invaded. His wife and two sons had been evacuated to India.

There Martha Straussler eventually married Kenneth, an officer in the British army. The sons adopted their stepfather's surname, and Tomas Straussler became Tom Stoppard. Early in , my mother was also in Czechoslovakia. My mother was on the last flight out before Germany occupied the Sudetenland. When I mentioned Bata shoes to my mother, she looked puzzled for a moment and then corrected me. Turns out that in Czech, Bata is spelled Bat'a.

Oh yes, they're world famous. She bought a pair in New York when she visited in I prefer Clarks see this E entry to learn why. Bata shoes is all about pronunciation.

Also by Mike Palecek

It might be the ideal shoe for when you need to put your foot in your mouth. Other people who took the opportunity to leave central Europe around that time included the Biro brothers, mentioned at the ball-point pen entry. My friend Lisbeth Brodie did not have that opportunity. After surviving the Warsaw ghetto uprising, she ended up in the Czech town of Terezin , Theresienstadt in German, about forty miles from Prague.

She always wore long-sleeve blouses. In her last years, at the invitation of the state of New Jersey , Lisbeth would go around to local schools and describe her experiences. She told me that one question children would ask, that she knew she could not answer in a way to make them understand, was how she had felt.

One felt nothing, one's feelings died. That is not exactly true, of course. In the rooms after morning roll call, she and her fellow prisoners would dance, to celebrate surviving another day alive. On May 8, , she celebrated liberation by the Red Army.

Copyright J. A. Storer

For this she had food, a rich feast: a bar of butter. An incomplete meal for an incomplete party; she was the only survivor of her family in Poland. She eventually got to the US, where she made a life as a nursery school teacher including mine, when I first arrived in the US. As she lay dying on Tuesday, May 16, , we and her closest family -- an English cousin -- quietly celebrated her life and her ninetieth birthday.

She died the following Friday morning. Someone seeking a connection among these three items may think of health dangers, but that is an anachronistic view in two respects. First, because at the time that the BATF was formed, tobacco was not considered an in-any-way dangerous substance.

Second, because these are not the most dangerous substances today either. As Warren Zevon has pointed out in a song, the really dangerous items are lawyers, guns and money. Nor was the US the only country in which this was ever true. More recently, Gorbachev's early campaign against heavy drinking and alcoholism redounded in significantly reduced tax revenues for the USSR. Now you know. BaTiO 3 Barium Titanate. A dielectric, electret i. It's clear that, if you're looking for a title to abbreviate, this is a good choice.

The Romans generally believed that Batr. Considering that various elements of it parody the Iliad as well as the Homeric cycle , this is as much as to say that Homer parodied his own great epic. It says something about the Romans that they thought this. Plutarch attributed the work to Pigres of Halicarnassus, brother or son of Artemisia, queen of Caria. I hope you find that illuminating. Halicarnassus was an Greek city on the coast of Caria an ancient region of southwest Asia Minor , and this Pigres is also called Pigres of Caria.

The Suda agrees on the authorial attribution, but given the derivative nature of the Suda and the prominence of Plutarch, that might not count as corroboration. By the way, my friend Vladimir's sister-in-law did her dissertation on Unamuno. One day we were driving in Washington, D. I wasn't aware until later that she had a particular interest in Unamuno. I explained that it was the grave, thoughtful attitude I meant posture that reminded me of a statue of Unamuno that I had seen in Spain.

This personal bit of trivia involving a woman whose name I can't even remember is of no possible interest to you, but I don't have any other place to mention it. The take-home is that once, at least, I actually did have a life. No wait, let me try that again. The take-home is that Unamuno was a famous Spanish philosopher. I still recall your projects of those days.

Among them the one that most interested me was that of publishing the Batrachomyomachia of Homer or whomever , with illustrations by yourself. To bring off this arduous enterprise with panache, you studied in depth the anatomy of mice and frogs. Whatever came of that interest? A physical therapy strategy for stroke victims, involving coordinated arm movement in time with a metronome. Both arms are exercised although only one has been debilitated by a stroke.

It had been accepted that post-stroke rehabilitation plateaus after about three months, but significant improvements have been demonstrated with BATRAC more than two years after a stroke research reported June at the fifth International Stroke Society World Congress in Vancouver, B. On board the GRO. This a technical usage, a term of art among flea marketers also flee marketers.

Granted, the meaning is not intuitive, but it's perfectly honest, because everybody uses the same terminology, so you ought to know it. The word has been used figuratively, and the meaning has also been extended in many special applications where some kind of force is applied repeatedly. This goes back to Benjamin Franklin.

In , or at least no later than that, he introduced the term into electricity in the sense of multiple capacitors connected in series. The idea was that if you charge a number of capacitors often Leyden jars separately or in parallel up to some voltage, then a multiple of them in series gives a multiple of the voltage. When Franklin was doing his pioneering experiments with electricity, triboelectricity q. Lightning was not very practical except as an unusual way to kill yourself. If you wanted higher voltage, a battery of capacitors was your option.

Apart from that application, there's not much call for hooking a number of capacitors up in series: it yields a smaller capacitance, and an easier way to make a smaller capacitance though with a lower voltage rating is simply to make a smaller less cross-sectional area capacitor. Electronics has progressed somewhat since the eighteenth century, and we no longer use the word battery for capacitors in series.

I'm not going to get into a detailed analysis of just how capacitors are used today. There are some situations where it's appropriate to use capacitors in series, and capacitors modern ultracapacitors are again used as temporary power supplies in some applications. But now the word battery is used for electrochemical cells. Today, if you have to work with a fixed-voltage source and you need a higher voltage, you just use a step-up transformer. You can used it essentially directly for an AC source. If your source is DC , you use it to power an inverter, producing AC to feed the primary of the step-up transformer.

If you need DC out, you can rectify on the secondary side of the transformer. Modern electrical batteries first the boring historical stuff : Toward the end of the [under construction] Modern electrical batteries now the boring technical stuff : The two idealized kinds of DC power supply are constant-current and constant-voltage sources.

An ordinary chemical battery can be well represented by a constant-voltage source in series with an internal resistance or equivalently by a constant-current source with a parallel internal resistance. At the circuit-theoretic level, they are equivalent. Any such DC power supply will have a maximum voltage at zero current: open circuit and a maximum current at zero voltage: shorted.

This interchangeability of current-source and voltage-source circuit models is quite general. In the small-signal analysis of a transistor circuit, one uses both voltage-controlled current-source models and current-controlled voltage-source models, choosing mainly for convenience of calculation. The voltage of a single chemical cell is determined by the redox reaction it relies on. That voltage is less than or equal ideally to the energy per electron transfer, so it is on the order of one volt.

The standard lead-acid reaction yields the standard cell voltage of 1. One can think of a large cell as composed of smaller cells in parallel individual cells connected anode-to-anode, cathode-to-cathode. A number N of equivalent cells in parallel yields an N-fold increase in maximum current. Like a military battery, a chemical battery combines the force of the individual cells to produce a greater force -- voltage, in this case. In a battery, the cells are connected in series. All commercial nine-volt batteries are made of six 1.

Car batteries are really batteries. Nowadays 12 volts has become the virtually universal standard, as far as I can tell, with the car chasis connected to the negative pole. However, there have been positive-ground cars, and I seem to recall my mother's Plymouth Valiant had a six-volt battery. From the user's standpoint, there is little or no difference between a battery and a single voltaic cell, so it is natural especially given the many other uses of the word cell that the word battery should have come to be used for both.

This is not the same as the data rate or bit rate. For example, it can be twice the bit rate if simple return-to-zero encoding is used. BayMG Bayerische Mediengesetz. BB BaseBall. BB Base Band n. BB Base[s] on Balls. An old house that's been divided into a large number of servant's-quarters-sized rooms. Night's stay in one of the rooms, with Breakfast included. Private bath is extra, if it's available at all, but there may be a sink in the room. Cognac may be substituted for brandy.

Stirred i. And you thought those prissy little isosceles right triangles of white-bread sandwich garden-party treats were stingy. Bb BlackBoard. A widely used, almost completely worthless piece of education software.

Mauritius North Port Louis, Pamplemousses and Riviere du Rempart (Photo Albums. Book 11)

BlackBoard enables you to do everything that you can do with email and http. The technologically feebleminded report that they find it helpful. The main selling point to faculty is that it streamlines a number of on-line activities that one would normally accomplish using different programs, but BlackBoard itself is universally recognized to be clunky. There you have it: clunky streamlining. BB B'nai B'rith.

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B'nai Brith is a Jewish fraternal service organization. The early meetings were held in German, but they eventually switched to English. I was going to praise their wisdom in preserving the initials, but the case is not so clear-cut. At first it was really a fraternal organization like some Masonic ones -- a collection of lodges. Also, until it was all-male. A women's auxiliary chapter was formed in ; see BBW. The organization went international in A lodge in exotic Toronto!

Or York or whatever it was at the time. In it went intercontinental: a lodge in Berlin , where I imagine they spoke German. That is believed to have been the first instance of a Jewish organization founded in the New World being transplanted in the Old. Lodges were formed in Cairo and Jerusalem Because the organization is international, you want to know how the name is pronounced in English. Roughly very very roughly speaking, that's what the rest of the entry is about. Hebrew, like most Semitic languages, is written with a consonantal script.

The shwa can be indicated like any other vowel, but it can be very short, so in transliterated Hebrew it may or may not be indicated. Whether it is or not depends partly on what are regarded as acceptable consonant clusters in the target language. For example, an apostrophe indicates the shwa in the word b'rith as the BB writes it, but usually the vowel is not indicated at all, probably because br is a standard consonant cluster in English. The word is normally written brit : the final aitch in the BB spelling is an indication that the consonant was aspirated.

No, but I'm gonna anyway. The final letter of the Hebrew alphabet is tav. A dot called a dagesh could be inserted in its glyph to indicate that it was not aspirated. The sound of the undotted i. I think the Douai versions of the Bible essentially the Catholic response to the KJV use a lot of aitches to indicate aspirated consonants that evolved bh for what became v, etc.

Of course, the Hebrew version of the name Judith also ends in tav -- Yudit -- but the English version of that name was established. There's more about brit at the USA entry, about half a dozen paragraphs from the end. Okay, now back to shwa. If the vowel occurs between consonants that don't occur as a recognizable consonant cluster in English, then some graphical indication of the vowel is more likely to be given.

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Notice that Ancient Greek had the consonant cluster pn, but in Greek-based words like pneumatic we don't pronounce it. Probably more often a vowel is used instead of an apostrophe, as in the more common transliteration penina. The two-letter sequences na, ni, etc. An apostrophe following letter en indicates that two kana are transcribed. Yes, there is a difference in pronunciation.

Some Romanized-Japanese dictionaries use an apostrophe between doubled consonants to indicate that they should both be pronounced. This can be a bit of overkill, since there's no other reason to double a consonant in transliteration, but it's a useful reminder to people familiar with West European languages that, like French, English, and pre-spelling-reform Portuguese, maintain double consonants from Latin with no phonetic distinction from single consonants.

However, in retranscribing nn or n'n back to Japanese kana, there is no ambiguity: it's a syllabic en followed by the kana for a syllable beginning in en. As individually transcribed, all kana other than syllabic en end in a vowel, so you might wonder what other doubled consonants could occur. In a word if you'll pardon the, uh, expression : plenty. For example, the kana for tsu, followed by the kana for ku, is sometimes used to write kku. Most of the time, of course, you wouldn't see this because the word would be written in kanji.

This is not so strange as it might seem, for two reasons: First, because the vowels i and u are often elided. A similar use of kana ending in u is less extensive; I'll have to look into this. The second reason that tsuku for kku is natural is that tsu is a sort of hyperaspirated tu the related kana are ta, chi, tsu, te, to. So tsuku is like tuku is like t'ku Adjacent stops are often assimilated into one. For example, Latin -ct- becomes Italian -tt- octo, otto.

Let's not talk about duct tape. To take a more distant example labial and dental stops, rather than palatal and dental , Western European languages generally simplified the pt and phth consonant clusters in Greek loans. To round out the discussion, we should also cover doubled vowels in Japanese. Japanese vowels have length like Latin and German vowels: they vary in duration. In hiragana, lengthening is normally indicated by doubling the vowel i. In katakana, the syllable is followed by a length mark.

The length mark, incidentally, is refreshingly intuitive: it's a long horizontal line. The strict Hepburn system tries to reproduce this, with some allowance for Western orthographic sensibilities. In particular, long e and long i are indicated by ei and ii if they would be written with hiragana i. Vowels a, o, and u are consistently indicated by a macron.

Of course, that's the Hepburn system. What people generally write is something else again. Most fonts still don't have macrons, so people either fail to indicate the lengthening or use a doubled vowel or ei or ou. You think this is confusing? It seems to me that the usual practice is to omit any indication of long a or u, to often indicate long i, and sometimes to indicate long e and long o. Pronunciation varies, and the long e and o can be a little rounded like English ey and ow, as you won't be surprised to learn given the transcriptions ei and ou.

It occurs to me that I probably should move this explanation someplace else. What was this entry about in the first place anyway? BB Body Bias[ing]. The voltage of the body or bulk of the semiconductor wafer on which an integrated circuit is fabricated. A CBS daytime soap opera. A method of solving discrete optimization problems COP. Brandenburg was part of the old East Germany. BB Brigitte Bardot.

BB Broad spectral Band. BB Shot 0. Watch out! Someone could get hurt with that thing! BBA, B. Bachelor of Business Administration.

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Appropriations bills need Madison Avenue titles so people will buy them? Money is sexy! Though budgets are soporific, often by design. An entire suite of journals from that astoundingly expensive scientific journal publisher Elsevier. A great idea, but just try to get them on the phone. As opposed to BBW. Known as the Beeb. Truck dimension: precisely, the distance from the point furthest forward on the front bumper to furthest point back of the outside of the cab.

For more, see Chassis Dimensions I know what you're thinking , you filthy-minded person! A digital cable and satellite channel distributing the Beeb in the US -- totally undubbed! But wait: if you order now, you also get The Antwerp British Community Association covers the northern part of the country. A cable channel distributing Auntie in Canada. But there's more: you also get Canadian content! This agreement also requires us to show [some] Canadian programming at peak hours.

Shucks -- they thought of that! Victims of teletubbies? Good guess, but no cigar. See BDC. An html editor for the Mac. In harmony? Bogoliubov, M. Born, H. Green, J. Kirkwood, J. Hierarchy of equations involving reduced distribution functions for successively higher numbers of particles. The heirarchy, in various equivalent formulations, was derived independently by the named researchers during the 's. Bogoliubov, in particular, worked in the Soviet Union. Although he published in major Soviet journals, there was always a delay before most Western scientists became aware of his work, since most of them did not read Russian, and cover-to-cover technical-journal translation was just starting up.

Right through the 's, a lot of scientific work that was not secret and which had no evident military significance was done essentially in duplicate because of the poor communication between scientists on opposite sides of the Iron Curtain, but that has nothing to do with what I wanted to write about. I only wanted to say that I would be surprised if this Bogoliubov didn't play chess, but that the one better known for playing chess was the Ukrainian master Efim Bogoljubov He lived in Germany after WWI , hence the transliteration using j. Follow link for main entry. Just go.

You won't be missed. Also BBZ. An excellent near- IR sensor. No, I don't know where the second b comes from. They probably just had too many extras lying around. But BB4N. The head isn't always where it's at. Brains ain't everything, you know. When praying mantes mate, the male doesn't really start to pump furiously until after the female has started eating him, starting at the head. No, no, I mean really eating him, biting his big compound eyes off and all. Anyway, it just goes to show that it's not only internal organs that can function just fine without any free advice from the upstairs.

Most business organizations are the same way, but those data are problematic as there may not be any brains upstairs either. Your fall-back position is that that's just it: going through the motions is one thing, but fer larnin' yeh needs a brain. In fact, you say, it's also well known that some insects, such as cockroaches and locusts, are able to walk and to right themselves when turned over, even after they have been completely decapitated.

You used to perform these experiments yourself. Heck, you'll even grant that chickens are very well known to sometimes run around after being decapitated, even though it's difficult to track down serious research on this. In any case, that phenomenon is, pardon the expression, short-lived. But you're wrong about learning and the brain. In , Nature London published a letter by G. In turn, long-term adaptive changes in leg posture might then necessarily be controlled by the segmental ganglia if the detailed information were available only at the segmental level. However, after repeated shocks over a period of min.

The leg is progressively held up for relatively longer periods, fewer shocks are received Of animals so tested in groups of 20, about 70 per cent behave in this way, per cent hold up their leg for a period of up to 5 min. Funny way the rounding works out. Even with three assistants, that's a lot of experimental animals. I guess lawyers were not so abundant in those days.

In principle, of course, the behavior modification might be the result of shock-induced damage or some such effect other than adaptive learning. After minutes of training and 10 minutes of rest, the animals were separately tested to determine shock avoidance. The trainees dramatically outperformed the yoked controls. Also very impressive: Horridge demonstrated a sort of cross-training effect.

He didn't use that term, but even as of the term hadn't appeared in an OED Supplement. The cross-training used forty decapitated cockroaches with two legs each: one prothoracic leg and the metathoracic leg on the opposite side. Training shocks or just shocks, for the yoked animals were applied to the prothoracic leg, but post-training tests were performed on the metathoracic leg. If you're interested in this stuff, you should probably have a look at the rattle entry, since some day I may put something useful there besides an explanation of terminology used in this entry.

Eventually, I also plan to explain BBL. Right now, in fact. It turns out that I could have forgone the foregoing. It turns out, however, that BBL implicitly ignores that possibility. By any name, it's still ed research. In principle, this may not be certain proof that it's pure horseshit. This article suggests how rudimentary and uncertain is our knowledge of the brain, and how unreliable that knowledge is as any kind of guide to teaching.

That is rather beside the point, however, because BBL is not based on detailed scientific findings, but on fuzzy generalities. Instead, these principles and the ideas generated from them come from a wide range of additional disciplines, including cognitive psychology, sociology, philosophy, education, technology, sports psychology, creativity research, and physics.

Interesting mix there. Rather more goats than sheep. Sousa is one of the bright lights of this dim field, thanked in the forewords of others' books. How was rated a cumulative 19 stars out of 20 by the four reviewers who had commented at Amazon when I visited.

This gives you a pretty clear idea of the kind of person who would buy and read a book like this. High school principals, gym teachers, and their ilk.