Hastings: The Queen City of the Plains (Images of America)

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While a native to El Paso, Texas, she considers herself a sojourner. She is currently pursuing her master of arts in public ministry with a focus on racial justice and holistic re-entry at Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary in Evanston, Illinois, and received her bachelor of arts in psychology from New Mexico State University.

While there, she served as house lead at Stepping Stones Residential Treatment Facility, where she collaborated with clients and their families on creating treatment plans, connected them to resources, created an environment which fostered healing from trauma, and planned, organized and raised funds for a community event to generate awareness.

Yohance Lacour is an entrepreneur, artist and activist. He is also a returning citizen, a father committed to reconnecting with his daughter and a Chicagoan working to create viable opportunities and positively structured environments for underserved communities in his hometown, Chicago, Illinois. Prior to his incarceration, Lacour had been both an investigative reporter and accomplished playwright.

In , he was sentenced to 10 years in federal prison for drug conspiracy charges. While in prison, he picked up leathercraft as a hobby, and started a leather greeting card business. Upon his release in , he enrolled in Chicago School of Shoemaking where he has since become an instructor. The greeting card business that he started while incarcerated became Love Leathers, a line of luxury greeting cards. She is an ethnographer specializing in women of color feminisms, children and youth, urban inequalities, and education and policing. She is currently preparing a book manuscript that draws on rigorous fieldwork to explore how the relationship between policing, race, class and gender shapes schooling experiences and educational trajectories of children growing up in marginalized communities in Las Vegas.

Ray is actively involved in community-oriented research projects, and co-founder of Heating Youth Voices—a Connecticut based youth-led organization. Joshua Chambers-Letson is a writer and performance theorist working at the intersection of performance studies, critical race theory, political theory and queer of color critique. Presenting material from his new book, Chambers-Letson presents a eulogy and a manifesto that stakes out the life-sustaining and worldmaking powers of minoritarian performance.

Hastings College N. Turner Ave. Hastings, NE Schedule for Wednesday, October 24, a. Student Symposium Committee Members. Faculty Sponsors Dr.

Ironically, he had strongly opposed the cemetery being on this site. He was born in Leeds ; came to Sussex to work on the Martello Towers; moved to Hastings He was employed in taking down the cliff face of the West Hill. He worked on Wellington Square, Pelham Crescent, 57 Marina the first significant house to be built in St Leonards and many other important sites. An improved system was built in Marx was recommending Hastings to his close friend Friedrich Engels , whose father was the well-off owner of large textile factories in Salford and Germany.

There is no record that Engels or Marx came to Hastings, but it is highly likely that they did. Engels lived mainly in Manchester, but started regularly staying in Eastbourne from He and Marx were great enjoyers of the Victorian seaside and they visited many resorts. Engels chose Eastbourne for extended holidays after he retired, and in August his ashes were scattered from Beachy Head. Marx sent members of his family to Hastings on several occasions. In the late summer of his wife Jenny and daughters Caroline and Laura came for a fortnight, but it rained all the time.

They came again in August and By April the society owned about Old Town properties with tenants. A drawing was being made by town surveyor Mr Laing. It was demolished and replaced in by the current,much larger building, which bestrides Cambridge Road opposite Priory Street and Robertson Street, where its main entrance is.

The architect was the well-known Henry Ward. A few yards up Cambridge Road, on the same side, is the much smaller Tabernacle Evangelical Church, which was built in for a Calvinist congregation. It had started in cf. The News of 10 May said that a special report on the banruptcy had just been published. Many people try to rescue the four crewmen, but the sea was too rough and the gale too strong. After an hour, the four men died in front of the large crowd of horrified onlookers. The feeling was that they may have been saved if Hastings had a lifeboat, and this tragedy set in motion the acquiring of one.

She was kept in the first lifeboat house, which had been built at Rock-a-Nore, where the aquarium is today. The Victoria had only one life-saving rescue, on 19 May when a Ramsgate fishing boat ran onto the rocks at Rock-a-Nore, and the crew of two men and a boy were rescued. She was replaced in by another lifeboat also called V ictoria. The terrace was demolished around when the seafront was improved, and the cannon was relocated at Hastings Museum. It was taken for scrap during the Second World War. But only men could read a paper to a meeting.

It was drawn by two horses, and was called Prince Albert. The foundation stone had been laid by Lady Waldegrave on 22 July The architect was the famous Samuel Sanders Teulon who designed many other churches, including Rye Harbour. The builder was John Howell. The chancel was completed It was not formally consecrated until 13 April , because it retained some debt. Its foundation stone was laid on 23 November by the Countess of Waldegrave.

By the end of the century this was a motor business as well, and soon became a well-known car dealer — Skinners. It was used by Jim Myer, a circus and fair showman, to haul his equipment around various sites. By a new station, of two brick-built blocks, had been built on the clifftop on the west side of the glen. The station closed in , but remained in use by non-Coastguards until it was demolished in because of undermining by cliff-falls.

At 12 inches to the mile , it was the first large scale map to cover all of Hastings and St Leonards. Its main feature was the first-floor hall, measuring 75 feet by 45 feet, and 30 feet high. The basement was an arched cellar. It was renamed as the Public Hall in mid, as it was being used for many different purposes.

Eventually it became the Orion Cinema. The pub Yates now occupies the ground floor. In August, it was decided that postmen were to have uniforms of red coats. Their first rifle practice took place on 31 May at Rock-a-Nore, with targets fitted to the bottom of the cliffs. Initially they used the Market Hall in George Street for lectures and drills, and most had to provide their own rifles. The company had to supply its own uniforms, and grey cloth with red facings was bought. By mid-summer there were 70 members. Then Lady Waldegrave, owner of Ecclesbourne Glen, gave permission to set up a range firing across the valley, which was to remain in use for many years.

It ran for many years, with ranges in Ecclesbourne Glen. While trying to haul off in rough weather the lines broke and she was driven ashore. The crew ere rescued. He was buried at Fairlight Church.

Miss Kool-Aid Days Crowned in Hastings

This was the three-masted ton sailing yacht New Moon , measuring feet on the keel and feet overall. Walkout by washerwomen. She inspired much of his finest work. Seven drowned at Shoreham, when the big lugger Endeavour was driven ashore. Another two died off Newhaven and one at Brighton.

This was one of the worst-ever Hastings disasters. A trading ship was beached at the Priory, laden with bricks, coal and coke. Other ships were damaged and men lost at sea. The mayor held a public meeting on 8 June to discuss ways of raising money for the three widows left after the 2 June losses.

A severe gale at Yarmouth on 28 May killed mainly East Anglian men; 22 boats were lost, leaving 70 widows and children. The foundation stone was laid on 15 July and was funded by Lady St John to help the many poor people living in central St Leonards. The stone was quarried on the site. Its first service was on 16 May This company obtained the legal power to build a combined harbour and pier in front of the Old Town, but it came to nothing because of local opposition and other problems.

The men formed a marching band, appointed a committee and canvassed the town for help. She is said to be the largest of our boats afloat. It was opened on 24 May It was soon operating, with people depositing by late July. This is said to have been the first such brigade in Britain a similar meeting was taking place in Coventry on the same day, but that started at 7. It was largely the initiative of William Glenister, who had come to the town in to take charge of the Hastings police force.

It was set up over the next few days, with the backing of the Council, which donated the existing three engines.


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It had three sections, of 13 men each: Bourne Street, the town centre and central St Leonards. On 2 August, the new brigade mustered for the first drill. Following Hastings, talk of a similar enterprise took place in London. Glenister was the captain until Hastings took delivery of its first motorised fire engine in August a 60hp Leyland, equipped with a feet escape and a turbine pump. The volunteer service was replaced by a professional brigade on 1 October Redecoration took nine months. The American Civil War had begun in April Also: On this day, the large schooner Midge , tons, was wrecked off the Saxon Hotel by a sudden storm.

At a public meeting about a fund in memory him it was decided that a memorial should be erected locally instead of sending the money to a London committee. The News of 21 February reported that the general feeling of the townspeople was that a clock tower, near Robertson Street, was a good idea. There were six widows and 11 children under 12 years old. Until this point there had been only a handful of buildings in all of what is now Clive Vale. There was enough water in George Street to float a boat. It was built at the heart of the town centre, where eight streets radiated from, on the site of the old Priory Bridge.

The 65 feet high tower, designed by Edward A Heffer of Liverpool, was completed by December , except for the clock and dials, installed in June The Memorial, as it was known, soon became the popular meeting place for reisdents and visitors. It gave its name to the town centre, and became the best-loved landmark in Hastings. But the convergence of the eight streets soon became a significant traffic problem. During the 20th century several traffic management schemes, involving traffic islands and lights, were tried, all with limited success.

Then on 28 April there was a small fire in the woodwork at the top of the tower, and Hastings Council demolished the building in November Many people believe this demolition was unnecessary, and that the Council was simply looking for an excuse to remove it in order to improve traffic management. It opened on 29 November A month later, on 12 March, there was a fire at the Russian Baths, West Hill, St Leonards: three volunteer fire brigades arrived promptly to put out the fire but considerable damage was done and the baths closed.

It was formally opened on 23 February A draw of four cottages was announced.

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On 2 October the Council approved building plans for nine houses adjoining the Halton Tavern. On 2 August more land at Tivoli and Old London Road was balloted for by shareholders for the erection of cottages, and again on 2 May The boat was 36 feet long and eight feet wide, with 12 oars double-banked. She was replaced in December by the Charles Arkcoll. The newspaper said there needed to be preservation as well as prosperity. Many building plots were sold at Clive Vale and Hollington in the following weeks. This was the first public park in Hastings.

From the gardens were extended up the valley. His design was laid out from Better-off people did not like its common air and had been trying to quash it for many years. These three events all combined funfairs, trading markets and social meeting places. But from the s the Rock Fair became a big festive event, with much imbibing, game playing and jollity, which increasingly appalled the pro-temperance local establishment.

The ground would be used for cricket, circuses, booths, flower shows and similar things. There was a main hall, with many compartments off it, with temperatures up to about fahrenheit. The date was put over the entrance door. The building still stands. The corner stone was laid on 3 November , and it opened for divine worship on 30 August Its foundation stone had been laid on 23 February The building provided facilities for the women of the Old Town to wash, dry and iron their own clothes, and also to be laundresses for other people as a way of generating income.

In October bathrooms were added, open daily from 10am-9pm. Most poor families in the Old Town lived in low quality overcrowded houses, which did not have laundry facilties, baths or gardens in which to hang up washing. The drying of clothes on the beach among the fishing boats was a common practive until the Second World War. The wash-houses were to play an important role in the health and working lives of many Old Town people. The Albertine, built by Henry Kent at Rock-a-Nore, was the first of a succession of similar pleasure craft that were to operate from this spot until , capable of carrying up to people.

The same-size Livonia came soon after, then Skylark in and a slightly larger replacement Albertine was built in In the New Albertine was launched, the largest of the beach boats, carrying passengers.

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It worked until and then was sold to Newhaven in But it was burnt down on 3 January ; its replacement church opened on 10 July By Queens Road had been built there, with houses on both sides, plus on the west side of Stonefield Road. A church was built on this plot in late , which became the headquarters of the Salvation Army in By late December all the flesh had been sold and the skeleton was brought to Hastings and put on display in a specially erected building on the Cricket Ground.

The Parsons printing and publishing business expanded rapidly from the s onwards, with the company being called FJ Parsons Ltd. In the Observer built new premises at 14 Claremont, and then expanded by building large new adjoining premises, 53 Cambridge Road, which came into use in By then the company owned several newspapers and printed many magazines.

It was demolished in the late s and replaced by a block of flats. Dogs without collars were to be taken and destroyed if not claimed within 24 hours. The land was part of the Vine Farm Estate and the chapel was an improvement on the previous building. Hastings had probably had a Customs House for over a century. The last such building, built in , was owned by Hastings Council and stood on the beach-side of East Parade, just east of the Cutter pub.

It was washed away by a gale in August and a new lifeboat house was built on its site in Now there were bathrooms open from 10am — 9pm every day with hot and cold water. The charges were 6d first class, 4d second, 3d third. The alterations were met by the Countess of Waldegrave. The contractor was the prominent local builder and Liberal councillor John Howell, who was instrumental in having a pier built at Hastings in They were completed in June and formally opened on 27 July, marking a major improvement in the town.

Until then sewage had been pumped onto several parts of the beach in front of the town, especially Warrior Square and Harold Place. The new system had a major sewage pipe, 6ft by 4ft, running from the bottom of London Road along the seafront to a 1. This discharged into the sea via a three-quarter mile long pipe, ending at low water mark off Ecclesbourne Glen parts of this are still visible. All other sewers drained into this main pipe. Messrs Kent, the principal owners, were heavy losers. She was built more than 30 years ago at Thwaites and Winter shipyard on the beach opposite Pelham Crescent.

Tickets for distribution were available at 6d and 4d. The News on 26 January said that a special Council meeting considered distress amongst the unemployed. Over had applied for relief. A door-to-door collection was being made and the relief would consist of bread, soup and provisions not money. Over-heating was supposed to be the cause of the fire, aided by a strong wind.

There was rapid destruction of the building. It was occupied by Messrs A Amoore and Thomson. The mill stood in Mill Lane, on the north-west side of where it does a degree turn from north-west to north-east, overlooking where Hillcrest School is today. The large house, with a good view to the sea, stood where the east end of Hardwicke Road is today.

It stood and still stands at the junction of Rye Road and the Ridge, overlooking Ore village. But there was still strong local opposition to Birch and out-of-town business interests owning a Hastings pier, and Birch decided in the end to compromise. In May local builder and politician John Howell held a special meeting at the Castle Hotel where he persuaded Birch and Hastings investors to run the pier company together. Until the mids there had only been a few houses and farms in the area between the Hastings-Ore railway line, Blacklands and the Ridge.

This sale of the St Helens Estate helped open up the whole area and spur on the development that was just starting. Over the following months the board had a new two-storey block built adjoining the original building, on the Cackle Street side, which became the infirmary. The Rushing Water sank within 7 minutes and its 7-man crew transferred to the Startled Fawn , which then began sinking despite pumping.

Both crews and passengers, 44 in total, took to the three boats of the Startled Fawn , after rowing for some considerable time, they came upon Little Polly , a Hastings fishing lugger, commanded by Thomas White. Little Polly took all 44 aboard and landed them at Hastings. It was insured, but the main sufferers were the tenants whose goods were destroyed by the reckless manner in which overzealous persons pitched the articles out of the window. The work seems to have been in the nature of a groyne, but instead of the present system of piling and planking, a kind of keel was laid down and the planks — masses of oak, 6 to 8 inches thick by 2 ft to 2 ft 6 inches broad and 5 ft to 6 ft long — were fixed by a mortice and tenon, and pins.

The wood was in a good state of preservation. The direction of this groyne or defence was from south-west to north-east. The upper portions of the planks were rounded off to a considerable extent, evidently by the action of the sea and shingle. At a meeting of the History and Philosophy Society, Mr Rock mentioned the discovery of the timber works, adding that the upper parts of the piles were worked off to a taper, just as the timber of the old Elizabethan pier were.

The foundation stone was laid on 2 October by Sir John Bourning.


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  • Mr Smith was the architect, John Howell the builder. This was a team of Aborigines, not whites, and the three-day match finished early so that they could give a public demonstration of their native skills including boomerangs. Although it was not committed to any particular sport, it quickly became the first Hastings football club, attracting hundreds of supporters in a few weeks after some matches were played on the Central Cricket Ground.

    This enmity, and lack of finance for the new football club, led to its demise at the end of For central and eastern parts of town it was like a holiday. It was next to Burfields Phoenix Brewery. Three engines of the Voluntary Fire Brigade were helped by fishermen and Coastguards. A poll was demanded; and this was held the next day, Tuesday.

    It was a Liberal victory: Brassey 1, votes, North 1, Conservatives Calthorpe and Thruston had and respectively. The new members were dragged round the town in a coach, and a coffin labelled Toryism was paraded by the hustings. On 11 December the Conservatives petitioned against the result of the general election, alleging bribery. But in April their case was found by the High Court to be unprovable. On 28 July the Liberal Party held a special day of celebrations in the town centre, culminating in a dinner for people in the Music Hall in Robertson Street.

    But the accusations had had a negative effect on North, and he died on 29 October She was 20 years in the coasting trade and regularly used the London Road slipway. Captain Eastland, who had half shares in her, lost everything, as there was no insurance for vessels that were beached to unload. The brig Pelican drifted broadside on, but survived. She needed a thorough overhaul. There were four widows and 17 children fatherless. Subscriptions were opened. A few days later there was a complaint about the habit of seagoing vessels unloading coal and timber in the dead of night on the beach under the windows of the Queens Hotel.

    The large mill, built and owned by the Countess Waldegrave, was completely destroyed, along with a large quantity of grain, flour and meal, and three granaries. The Rector, the Rev WT Turner, said the centuries-old church, parts of it Saxon, was unsound and, as the building was closely surrounded by graves, rebuilding would disturb the graves. Work started that month building the new St Helens Church nearby on the Ridge, and the Countess of Waldegrave laid the memorial corner-stone on 30 June. The remains of Ore Church were restored in , with the tower accessible to its top via a new internal staircase.

    On the upper floor were offices for the Inland Revenue and Surveyor of Taxes. The Telegraph department would be there when the post office soon took over the telegraph service. It moved to Cambridge Road in The platforms were being extended and a footbridge was being built over the line. His daughter Marianne became the world-famous botanic artist. He was born in , and was MP for Hastings in , from December until July , from May until July , when he lost his seat, but was re-elected in The following by-election on 17 November was the last election in Hastings to be held with open-air hustings, at the Central Cricket Ground, prior to the Ballot Act bringing in polling booths.

    Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth won. The Rev EJ May had bought the land and built the church, with a galvanised iron roof. But it was little used, and in it was effectively abandoned and became semi-derelict. It was to become the home of the Salvation Army in In July the piles that were being screwed at its seaward end struck many large old oak trees. In the St Leonards-on-Sea Pier Company was set up and obtained the legal right to build a pier to the east of the Royal Victoria Hotel, but local opposition in stopped it happening. It later moved to a large building in Carlisle Parade.

    These locomotives make so little noise and present so small a body to the sight that they almost run over anyone before they can be seen. They should carry lamps. They might, at all events, be kept off the Parades, particularly where the footway is narrow, as it is opposite White Rock. There was a uniform rate of a shilling 5p for 20 words. The same respect should be paid to the poor as to the rich.

    The ketch set sail from the beach about 4pm, with 16 people aboard. Strong gusts of wind blew over the boat, which witnesses believed was carrying too much canvas. There should have been a lifebuoy aboard, but there was not. The survivors were rescued by fishermen in rowing boats. The boat belonged to Thomas Tutt jnr and George Wenman. It was raised and brought ashore on June 7. The verdict of the inquest on June 17 was accidental death by drowning; but with the rider that lifebuoys should be carried in all boats.

    Its 64ft by 34ft building had opened on 3 June, recycling human sewage into agricultural fertiliser. But on 12 August three men were killed when they suffocated in the large underground sewage tank; one of them was the company chemist. The tank was cleared every tide. This was about a third of the total needed.

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    This land was to be part of the new Clive Vale suburb that was rapidly taking shape. One of them was the company chemist. He was welcomed by the mayor. A special train brought 23 horses and two carriages on the 12th. The Empress Eugene arrived on the 15th. They left on the 24th, with crowds cheering them to the station. The old fashioned bow pews had been replaced by open seats, the font moved westward nearer tower and the floor relaid at a lower level with heating pipes. There was new woodwork, tiling and glass.

    The ceiling of the nave had been moved to show rafters and the walls of the belfry plastered. The beauties of the groined roof had been exposed and 16th century murals discovered. There was a new vestry room outside on the north and a new screen inside the west door. This did much to bring the ancient Town Fair to an end, for it encroached on its usual space.

    The market was demolished in and replaced by a turning circle for the new trolleybuses it is now a car park. Ten years before this, there was not a single building in its parish, including Blacklands; by there were probably In a new aisle was erected on the north side. In the early s the inside walls of the church were decorated with murals by Robert Tressell, author of the influential novel The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists.

    A part of one of these murals is at Hastings Museum. Born 7 November near Chester, he was initially a land surveyor, then a civil engineer, based at Birkenhead. In he completed his first railway contract, a viaduct near Wolverhampton. He then quickly took up many other railway construction contracts in Britain. This was followed by four French railways totalling miles.

    By he had built about a third of the railways in Britain, and by had built three-quarters of the lines in France, plus major lines in many other European countries and in Canada, Australia, South America and India. He also built the structures associated with those railways — bridges, stations, tunnels etc — and was also active in the development of steamships, mines, water supply and other engineering schemes. He was an exceptional man in many ways, expecting a high standard of work from his employees but treating them in the most humane and dignified manner and financially at times of need.

    Thomas jnr was a prominent freemason and a Hastings MP from to , when he became a peer, and was governor of the Australian colony of Victoria from He was the owner of the large three-masted topsail schooner Sunbeam , in which he circumnavigated the world in , said to be the first-ever circumnavigation by a private yacht. Thomas jnr and his first wife Anna collected many artefacts from around the world, many of which were donated to Hastings Museum, inlcuding the Durbar Hall in which they are on display today.

    The mayor was to raise a fund, and they would be employed in various public works. There were lbs of good meat, lbs of capital plum pudding and 24 packs of potatoes. Weekly relief was: indoor in , outdoor 1, 1, ; total 1, On 6 January the News reported that there had been heavy snow falls, and under the direction of the borough surveyor work had been found for the unemployed, who had been carting snow from the roads. The cost of labour was borne by the Relief Fund. The picture is titled Arrangement in Grey and Black No 1. George Scrivens was chairman. It was a large oak trunk, three feet widest, 24 feet long, weight about 2 tons.

    The annual fairs had been held for time immemorial, usually at the bottom of High Street. It was feet long, in 8 feet of water at low tide. There were passengers and 80 seamen, but no lives were lost. The hole in her side was plugged and she was then towed to Southampton for repairs. Shares had been spread and plant bought, and the company expected to start business in July.

    It was suggested that a Hastings School of Art should be created. This was agreed and, although nothing was arranged, it was felt something would come of this idea. They had been laid out by William Andrews, the borough surveyor, and Mr Palmer, the gardener. It was made of iron. It would be a great architectural feature of the Front Line. The News of 2 May said the new showrooms opened that Easter Monday. Rock was about to introduce the Hastings Brougham. It was unique, as it was the first pier in Britain to be built with a large entertainments pavilion as part of its design.

    It was feet long and 45 feet wide in the middle. The last feet holding the pavilion were feet wide. The pier attracted , people in its first year. The trust was a private body so, contrary to popular belief, the Ground was not publicly-owned via Hastings Council. This misunderstanding was fuelled by the fact that the trust legally had to open the Ground to the public one day in every week but not Sunday. The last cricket match was held there on 27 August , and the last event on 2 September After several years of delays, the site was cleared in and the Priory Meadow shopping centre opened in March The road through St Leonards to Bexhill is now one of our best drives … Only one thing is wanted to make it perfect — the variety and shade which would be given it by some trees on the roadside.

    A man was fined 20s. Over the following months, both glens had a , gallon reservoir built near where their main stream went down onto the beach, plus a 50, gallon on a side stream, totalling 1. This water gravitated to Rock-a-Nore water pumping station via a cast iron main laid along the bottom of the cliff. By the scheme was supplying 78, gallons a day, and other springs in the glens were added to the system soon after. The system closed in when other water supplies had been set up.

    Six sitting Liberals were unseated by the Tories, who were better organised. This led to the formation of the Liberal Association later in the month. The better-disposed turn up at the time when a particular industry is rife in a district, such as haying, fruit picking. They stayed in lodging houses and, if hard up, the tramp wards of the workhouses. The migrations were mostly along the coast, Brighton — Dover; not one in 50 went inland.

    On previous occasions about lots have been offered for competition. The present sale included some surplus plots remaining on hand from previous occasions, as well as newly laid-out portions on Edmund and Ashburnham Roads, and the older roads made on the estate. The Company, while it continues to form good roads, and to improve access to the property, also adds to the acreage possessed.

    By the plans issued we observe that they now hold about 16 acres of the north-east of the valley, bounded by the pathway from the old farm-house to Barley Lane; whilst the extreme north plot, at the top of Canute Road, abuts on the old lane leading into Fairlight Road. Judging from the number of pink lots on the plan, it would appear that nearly of them have found purchasers.

    This had created the Hastings Urban Sanitary Authority a new arm of Hastings Council , and had said that as the St Leonards commissioners were unable to meet the new requirements of the act, the town should come under the authority of the HUSA. This would effectively merge the two towns and more than two years of discussion took place, as the well-off St Leonards ratepayers successfully fought for a reduction in the rates they paid, while at the same time receiving an improved service.

    The St Leonards Commissioners were dissolved on 8 October Part of St Clements churchyard fell by the Town Hall. There was about an inch of rain. On the corner of Hatherly Road and Southwater Road, it was 90 ft x 60 ft, with an inside drill hall 80 ft x 40 ft. Thomas Elworthy was the architect. Alterations had lately been carried out by its designer Coastguardsman John Hicks, while laid up in Central Recreation Ground.

    The News of 9 May said Hicks had challenged the National Lifeboat Institution to a competitive trial of his boat and theirs, the Ellen Goodman , on 6 May, in front of the town centre. Both did well, although the Ellen Goodman sailed better. The land was given to make new entrance. Tablet erected. The streets were crowded watching the three fire engines. It was not insured. Had stabling etc at back; poor building. They were named after the late mayor. Access to the two upper floors was by open iron staircases at each end of the central block, and exterior balconies.

    Crown Court now stands on the site of Scrivens Buildings. The Cornwallis family were wealthy landowners, based at the Linton Park estate near Maidstone, and owners of a large part of the west side of the Priory Valley in Hastings. Howell was laying out what was to become Cambridge Gardens, on the site of the old Priory Farm farmyard. The road bridge that was to go over the railway, becoming Linton Road, and opening up that Cornwallis area for development, was still not built. It was the elementary school for the Old Town, initially just for infants and girls.

    Building started in December and was expected to be completed by June The ground floor was for infants, the upper for girls, totalling Plus there were two small classrooms inside. It was made of red brick with bands of yellow brick. There was a playground to the east. It was the most comprehensive contemporary account of 19th century smuggling in the Hastings area. She had inherited the large Milward family estate, then covering over 2, acres, mostly to the east and north-east of the town. He died in October She established one of the earliest Sunday Schools over 60 years before her death, and founded the infant school in Cavendish Place.

    She gave sites for the boys and girls school in All Saints Street and Halton schools. She was a strong Protestant. They were situated between Mount Pleasant Road and Priory Road, and would be reached by new roads to be formed. They lay to the south of some plots lately sold at the junction of Mount Pleasant and Priory Roads. This was still agricultural land, awaiting development, which began in After there would be no toll bar within the municipal boundary, and the Hastings-Flimwell trust would cease existence in The old hiding walls had been removed so that the chapel was now visible from All Saints Street.

    Old vestries had gone and the building had been extended to Tackleway. The galleries had been extended and widened, and lit by gas. There was seating for On 15 July the South Coast Railway Company would sell nearly 1, feet of frontage of building land, part of the Warrior Square Estate, close to the railway. Several building plots on the north-east part of the Clive Vale Estate had just been sold.

    It also seems to have included the site of what is now the terrace running north from Harrow Inn down to Westfield Lane. It promoted independent Liberalism. It said the population of the borough was fast increasing and to thousands of the poorer class every penny was an object of sufficient importance to make this reduction welcome. The steam mill was about 25 years old and had a tall chimney. The second was sold in October and demolished on 28 November that year. On 27 March the Down Mill at Ore was for sale but no sale was effected.

    Many members of the local establishment took part in the debates, held weekly through the winter. There was an argument over the rating of each to pay debts. Commissioners were appointed to decide. A large majority of the audience voted in favour of suffrage. But the two Hastings parishes were solely entitled to the benefit of Magdalen Charity, which had started in in order to help the sick and poor of Hastings, then covered by just the two parishes.

    This was turned down by the trustees, who finally got the go-ahead for their scheme in March cf. Collections had been made for these men. The cart was of iron and on four wheels. When in use, water was discharged from three clusters of jets. The tank contained double the amount of water, but as the weight was more equally distributed, there was less strain on the horse.

    It was a large building, with a tower. Its site is today the entrance to Redmayne Drive. Mr Simmons, founder of the Kent Agricultural Labourers Union, said he had come here to establish a branch in this part of the country, as when labourers in Kent applied for an increase in wages they were discharged, and imported Sussex men replaced them. There were 24 plots, intersected by Gordon road joining Priory and Plynlimmon Roads. On 4 December, the News said that the last of the three windmills standing on the West Hill had been pulled down on 28 November and the site was soon to be built on.

    This is no matter of surprise, given the attractions offered to those in search of health or pleasure. The improvements which the local authorities have effected from time to time, and the public spirit shown by the inhabitants, have materially contributed to the prosperity of the borough. The rink was a quickly-built, large iron-framed shed, with wood panels.

    The foundation stone was laid on 6 November , in heavy rain. It replaced the much smaller Christ Church, standing a few yards down London Road. The tower and spire were added in The then-existing Chapel in Bourne Street was inconveniently situated and too small. The church opened on 14 July It closed in and lay unused until it was demolished in and replaced by flats. It moved to the Brassey Institute when that opened. In a local act of parliament had given legal powers to local commissioners to manage the new town of St Leonards, then being built by James Burton on his own land.

    It was based in Rock-a-Nore Road, but was disbanded after several years. It was the worst disaster in living memory at that time. Many shops, businesses and lodging houses were severely damaged by the sea. Fourteen net shops were destroyed and others damaged. There was another heavy gale and high tide causing great damage on 12 March , with George Street and Queens Road flooded, and what was thought to be a storm even worse than November on 1 January These storms prompted Hastings Council to improve the sea defences west of the Old Town, but with only one groyne in front of it this was at Rock-a-Nore, in , to protect the sewage woprks there.

    This was part of a Council plot to make the fishing fleet move to Rye so that their beach could be used by the tourist businesses. It was created by a Hastings tradesman, Mr WT Pike, and within a few years he was publishing similar directories for other south coast towns. The last edition was These were the gas showrooms, backing on to the large gas works behind.

    The showrooms and all the gas works were demolished in to make way for Safeways supermarket, now called Morrisons. No loss of life occurred. The Savernake was bound from Sunderland to Plymouth, laden with coal, 16 crew. The Vesuvius was a Dutch steamship bound from Odessa to Rotterdam with a freight of 7, qtrs of wheat and 35, boxes and barrels of raisins. The central part of the hull of the wreck of the Vesuvius was blown up on 11 August.

    Most of the wreck had been disposed of on 18 August, and 2, lbs of gunpowder or lbs of cotton powder were needed.

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    There had been a considerable destruction of fish. The cargo was composed of 7, qtrs of wheat and 35, boxes and barrels of raisins. The new Croft Congregational Church on the same site opened on 1 May In the church was replaced by a block flats. It was spotted at midnight and soon spread to adjoining shops and workshops, including 18 and 19 Prospect Place to the rear of it.

    The fire started in a carpenters shop at the back of the inn. It was the worst fire in recent times. George Street and Queens Road were flooded. One man was killed and others were seriously injured. There was particularly severe damage to the fishing boats, net shops and Old Town seafront properties as Hastings Council had not built proper sea defences there, hoping to force the fishing boats to move to Rye. It opened in , with many rooms for various functions. In later years it vecame a cinema, snooker club, night club and bingo hall, before demolition in to make way for Priory Square.

    It was on the site of the church built in , the first Noncomformist place of worship in Hastings. The chapel was demolished in and replaced by flats. In the early s they were linked in to the bigger new offices then built on the corner of Cambridge Road and Portland Place. In late it was taken over by Joshua Macer Wright, who also edited it.

    The Times was always openly Liberal, but there must have been some party problem, for in April a new Liberal-backed paper was launched, the Hastings Weekly Mail. His wife had died on 3 January Services began on 9 April , running hourly from the bottom of the High Street aong the seafront to the Bopeep Inn, using two new buses pulled by two horses. By the company had 25 horse buses, horses and over employees. Thomas Brassey opened a free public library in the Institute in , and donated ownership of the whole building to Hastings Council in This was part of the still largely-rural Blacklands Farm Estate area, owned by the Frewen family, and the church was initially little more than a mission hall.

    The vicarage was completed in and the church tower was erected in when much development was taking place. Soon after 6. The construction of the baths had greatly improved and extended the promenade. Private baths and other facilities opened on 16 August These opened on 30 April , and half the chimney is still in place.

    The new parade was 2, feet in length, with an average width of 50 ft, and was probably built as a result of the severe sea damage in July that undermined No 39 Martelloe Tower. The wall on the sea side was 15 feet thick at the foundation. The date can be seen in one granite brick. There were 22 acres and 35 lots on offer. The marquee was said to hold 10, people. Plasterers would be cut a penny to 7d, and carpenters, labourers etc a halfpenny to 7d.

    Another meeting, mainly of carpenters, was held on 23rd in the Carpenters Arms Inn, in Cambridge Road. About people attended. It was felt that the wage-cut was the result of greedy over-development of the town.

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    The News of 6 December reported that the strike was continuing, but had not extended, and the employers were saying they had no trouble finding replacements. It was Gothic design, built of local red bricks, and would hold children. It is a growing district, and the population at present is comprised chiefly of the working classes, among whom much poverty at times exists. It was housed in Mercatoria, with its precessor at a new station in Halton.

    It was unveiled on this day by Mrs Shepherd, in memory of her late father, Francis Willian Staines, a resident in the borough for 36 years. Its foundation stone was laid on Thursday 4 July , It was demolished in and was replaced by flats, with a much smaller church in the block of flats. The Hall immediately became the leading centre of entertainment and social functions in St Leonards. Before the buildings were erected the site was for a short time an open-air roller skating rink.

    Many famous artistes appeared at the Hall, and it was the venue for large meetings, circuses, balls, banquets, speeches and exhibitions. The Hall was abandoned in but was given a new lease of life from by becoming a cinema as well: the Elite Picture Theatre. It suffered bomb damage to its frontage in September but re-opened on Easter Monday Then in October the Elite was half-destroyed during an air raid, and was used as an Admiralty store for the rest of the war.

    The cinema was rebuilt after the war but was burnt to the ground on its opening day, Monday 23 June The fire was said to be the biggest and most spectacular in the history of St Leonards, and its smoke was reported to be visible across the Channel. It was never rebuilt and the site remained vacant until the warden-controlled Royal terrace flats opened there in April He was for many years skipper of the Albertine pleasure yacht. In the evening when a stiff breeze was blowing she was being hauled off when the hawser broke. She was knocked broadside and waves dashed against her.

    After the tide receded it was found that she was much strained, with her baulwarks on one side washed away, and the water pouring through her in streams. The vessel was further damaged on 12 November, and it was feared she would become a total wreck. But on 14 November she was successfully launched and towed to Rye Harbour for repairs. It is believed that she ceased trading after this disaster. On 7 May they agreed to rename the bottom section Harold Road. An eastern Sussex edition, based in Hastings, was set up in It moved in to a large printing and publishing building in Castle Hill Road in , from where a popular and widely-read paper was produced until the Second World War, after which Hastings coverage was gradually reduced.

    It is now called The Argus , focusing mainly on Brighton and Hove. Previously one had to be a subscriber to enter the gardens, but now they were free, and had been greatly improved. The nearby Archery Gardens were very popular. For over two years a Board of Governors had been trying to sort out the problems in carrying out the grammar school scheme, not least finding a suitable site. The school stood at the southern end of Stonefield Road, in the former chapel [still standing]. Admission from age eight upwards.

    This was at a time when dvelopment was rapidly taking place to form the part of the town that became known as Clive Vale. The previous church of the same name on the same site had been destroyed by fire in This opened up that area for expensive development. This was an alcohol-free public hall, meeting place and soup kitchen, built by wealthy local builder Henry Chapman for the poor people of the Old Town.

    She had been in a feeble state for some time, and had just returned from her country residence at Chailey. This comprised the East and West Hills, much of their surrounding land, what is now the Country Park and much other property in and around Hastings. She and her sister Miss Maria Jane Sayer donated to many local causes, charities and churches. This was the first of several convalescent homes which opened on the seaward side of the west end of West Hill Road, overlooking West Marina Gardens. This part of the road was on a cliff edge and was considered ideal for convalescing because of its exposure to healthy sea breezes.

    The narrow road, steep hill and the small wooden bridge over the Ore Valley stream were in such poor condition that carriages had stopped using the road. But the majority of councillors objected to ratepayers meeting the high cost of building a road for the benefit of landowners and residents outside the district.

    The matter was referred back to committee. She was an engineless, open oared rowing and sailing vessel, 34 feet long. But she was only launched five times in her 20 years at Hastings, and saved no lives. Electric lights had first come into large-scale use in and by were in use in most cities. But the result never seems to have been announced formally, although the effect was to allow the school to go ahead.

    A recent act of parliament had given local authorities the power to start libraries, but Brassey thought it would be too complicated for him to help Hastings Council create one, so he gave all the books, and he made the premises available free of charge. At that time the basement was being used by the Hastings Rowing Club and the was an Assembly Room on the first floor. Brassey was knighted later in In he was rewarded with a peerage for his public services. It snowed non-stop for 24 hours and many roads were blocked and services disrupted. The plot that had been acquired was large, and the seat chapel occupied the east end of it, with a bigger one to be built on the rest soon.

    Since then a portion of the premises had been fitted up as a temporary church. It would be Gothic, from plans by the well-known ecclesiastic architect Mr B Champneys. There would be a school in the basement. The News of 31 March reported that the cornerstone was laid on Tuesday 28 March. Much work had been carried out by then.

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    The church would measure feet by 66 feet. This was for infants. Most of the houses are of the character inhabited by mechanics and working people generally, and therefore, the need of necessary machinery for the training of the young will at once be admitted and understood. Also on sale were cricketing bats, balls, stumps pads etc. It was sometimes called the Failight Mill. It was up for sale by order of the legatees under the will of the late Mr John Saxby. They were examining the request made by West Hill residents at a big public meeting on 21 June to build a new station suitable for them [there was then no station at Ore].

    They were also considering building a station at the junction of the Brighton and Tunbridge Wells lines [this was to be the West St Leonards station]. The nearby West Marina station was on the rival Brighton line, and had been heavily criticised for its poor condition.

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